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Thread: Chiemgau Impact: Comet Smashed Into Southern Germany In 200 BC

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    Chiemgau Impact: Comet Smashed Into Southern Germany In 200 BC

    Scientists Say Comet Smashed Into Southern Germany In 200 BC


    The largest crater in the Chiemgau field in Bavaria
    is water-filled Tüttensee, located near the village of
    Marwang. At the water surface, Tüttensee measures
    1,200 feet across. but the original crater may have
    been twice as large.
    Photo credit: Chiemgau Impact Research Team.


    A comet or asteroid smashed into modern-day Germany some 2,200 years ago, unleashing energy equivalent to thousands of atomic bombs, scientists reported on Friday.

    The 1.1-kilometre (0.7-mile) diameter rock wacked into southeastern Bavaria, leaving an "exceptional field" of meteorites and impact craters that stretch from the town of Altoetting to an area around Lake Chiemsee, the scientists said in an article in the latest issue of US magazine Astronomy.

    Colliding with the Earth's atmosphere at more than 43,000 kmsmiles per hour, the space rock probably broke up at an altitude of 70 kmsmiles), they believe.
    The biggest chunk smashed into the ground with a force equivalent to 106 million tonnes of TNT, or 8,500 Hiroshima bombs.

    "The forest beneath the blast would have ignited suddenly, burning until the impact's blast wave shut down the conflagration," the investigators said.
    "Dust may have been blown into the stratosphere, where it would have been transported around the globe easily... The region must have been devastated for decades."

    The biggest crater is now a circular lake called Tuettensee, measuring 370 metres (1,200 feet) across. Scores of smaller craters and other meteorite impacts can be spotted in an elliptical field, inflicted by other debris.

    The study was carried out by the Chiemgau Impact Research Team, whose five members included a mineralogist, a geologist and an astronomer.

    It was sparked by a find in 2000 by amateur archaeologists who were digging in the area around Lake Chiemsee and found pieces of metal containing minerals not previously seen in the region.

    Aerial infrared photography established that the distinctive holes in the local countryside had the characteristic round form and "clear uplifted rim" of an impact crater, the Astronomy report said.

    Minerals ejected around the crater were found by geological analysis to be gupeiite and xifengite, iron-silicon alloys that were also found in meteorites recovered in China and Antarctica.

    Additional evidence comes from local discoveries of Celtic artefacts, which appear to have been scorched on one side.

    That helped to establish an approximate date for the impact of between 480 and 30 BC.
    The figure may be fine-tuned to around 200 BC, thanks to tree-ring evidence from preserved Irish oaks, which show a slowing in growth around 207 BC.

    This may have been caused by a veil of dust kicked up the impact, which filtered out sunlight.

    In addition, Roman authors at about the same time wrote about showers of stones falling from the skies and terrifying the populace.

    The object is more likely to have been a comet than an asteroid, given the length of the ellipse and scattered debris, the report says.

    Comets, which race in long orbits around the solar system, are believed to be loose assemblies of rubble held together with an ice rich in methane, ammonia and water.

    Asteroids are believed to be denser, more structured rocks. They mainly orbit in a band between Jupiter and Mars, but they can be deflected off course and put on the same trajectory as Earth, an event that is extremely rare but has the potential for a catastrophe.

    The long reign of the dinosaurs was put to an end by climate change some 65 million years ago, inflicted by a massive space rock impact in what is now modern-day Mexico.

    In 1908, a comet or asteroid exploided over Tunguska, Siberia, flattening the forest for hundreds of square kilometres around.
    Scientists Say Comet Smashed Into Southern Germany In 200 BC
    The Chiemgau-Impact

    Mehr als 80 Meteoritenkrater rund um den Chiemsee entdeckt
    Chiemgau-Impakt - Wikipedia

    I recently saw a TV documentation in TV. According to this the whole area between Munich and Salzburg was devastated in autumn 465 b. Chr. The whole fauna and flora died off. Archeologics did not unearth any human remains or cultural materials of that time. Those things that were found, Celtic graves etc. either were made long before or long after the impact. Historians presume this impact is the reason why Celts feared the sky might fall on their heads, it completely changed their religious beliefs and customs. The comet was seen in whole western-central Europe, Plutarch mentioned having read about it in elder Greek documents, the Alps made sure the devastation was limited to that area, those living south of the Alps had no imagination what really happened in the other side. At that time Celtic tribes living north-west of ground zero started with sacrificing humans, became violent and began their invasion of southern Europe, Balcans and Turkey. Scientists claim they have found material that proofs there was an impact of an extraterrestrial object, like Titanium carbid. This metal, mixed with iron (ferrum noricum), was used to craft swords and other iron products of excellent quality. The Celtic tribes that re-settled and cultivated former ground zero, that had got it's vegetation back after a few decades, were suppliers for the Roman army. The Romans did not invade this specific area but came there in peace.
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    Did the Celts see a comet impact in 200 B.C.?

    We have identified an exceptional field of meteorites and impact craters stretching from the town of Altötting to the area around Lake Chiemsee in southeastern Bavaria, Germany. While there are many meteorite "strewnfields" known around the world, few contain significant craters. The Chiemgau field, which falls within an ellipse 36 miles long and 17 miles (58 by 27 kilometers) wide, holds at least 81 impact craters ranging from 10 to 1,215 feet (3 to 370 meters) in size. Many more craters may lie hidden in heavily forested areas within the ellipse, and farming activities in the region may have destroyed others. In autumn 2000, a group of amateur archaeologists working the area around Lake Chiemsee discovered pieces of metal containing minerals not found previously in the region. Werner Mayer, the independent scholar who led the amateur team, noticed that the material was associated with what appeared to be impact craters, most of which showed clear rims. In 2004, four other scientists joined Mayer to form the Chiemgau Impact Research Team: Kord Ernstson, a geologist at the University of Würzburg; independent scholar Gerhard Benske; Michael Rappenglück, an astronomer with the Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences in Gilching; and Ulrich Schüssler, a University of Würzburg mineralogist.
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