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Thread: Black Sea Germans in the 'Gotenland'

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    Lightbulb Black Sea Germans in the 'Gotenland'

    The Black Sea Germans (German: Schwarzmeerdeutsche) are ethnic Germans who left their homeland in the 18th and 19th centuries, and settled in territories of the north coast of the Black Sea, mostly in southern Ukraine. Included in the category of Black Sea Germans are the following groups from the Black Sea area: the Bessarabian Germans and the Dobrujan Germans.

    The Black Sea Germans are distinct from the Volga Germans, who were separate both geographically and culturally, although both groups moved to Russia at about the same time and for the same reasons.

    The Germans settled in southern Ukraine which at that time was part of the Russian Empire and on the Crimean Peninsula. This land was gained for Russia by Catherine the Great through her two wars with the Ottoman Empire (1768-1774) and from the annexation of the Crimean Khanates (1783). The area of settlement was not settled as compactly as that of the Volga territory, rather it was home to a chain of colonies. The first German settlers arrived in 1787, first from West Prussia, then later from Western and Southwestern Germany, as well as from the Warsaw area. Most notable were the Mennonites, who were known as capable farmers (see Molotschna, for their settlements in the Melitopol area); Empress Catherine herself sent them a personal invitation to immigrate to Russia.

    Personalities

    Georg Leibbrandt, leading Nazi

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sea_Germans

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    Here is some more info.



    http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb..../blacksea.html


    From Northdakota as a lot settled there.
    http://library.ndsu.edu/grhc//order/...l/height3.html


    http://library.ndsu.edu/grhc//order/...s/height13.jpg







    Germans From Russia



    Written by GFS Carol

    Catherine the Great (1729-1796) was solely responsible for the colonization in Russia by the Germans. Christened Princess Sophie Auguste Friederike of Anhalt-Zerbst, born at Stettin in the Prussian province of Pomerania now called Szczecin, Poland.

    Catherine was introduced in her middle teens to the Grand Duke Peter and heir to the Russian throne. Peter and Sophie were married in 1745, in the Russian Orthodox Church and rechristened Sophie as Catherine, or the Russian name Ekaterina.

    Catherine, accepting the Russian religion and the customs of Russia, gained popularity and many supporters.

    In June of 1762, Catherine became empress after plotting with the palace guards to have her husband arrested. He apparently had a fight with the guards and died as a result of the wounds that were inflicted.

    Catherine was an ambitious German princess who ended up as one of the most famous monarchs in Russian history. Catherine was very charming and was extremely intelligent. "She dominates the Russians, because she sees them from the perspective of an outsider. If she were Russian, she would be lost in the confusion of vague ideas, which animate Russian thinking. She is German, calm, clear-sighted, methodical. German in race and character, she became a great Russian Sovereign." (Sorel) In the manifesto of July 22, 1763, Catherine II promised the Germans freedom from taxes for thirty years and that they would remain free for eternity from military duty. All others would have the same rights as the Russian citizens. They would enjoy full freedom of religion and conscience.

    The Seven Years War (1756-1763) was finally at an end and the people of Germany were eager to have peace restored to their lives. The German people, tired and hungry, seemed to have no hope. There was no work and no money to buy goods from the merchants or farmers. This came as an aftermath of war, followed by crop failures, and other economic disasters. Catherine's manifesto of 22 July 1763 has rightly been called "the cornerstone of the whole inner colonization of Russia."

    Germany wanted to stop the emigration of its people, so the country issued an edict on 7 July 1768. This edict states in part "the ever increasing emigration abroad, without fulfilling the obligations of the imperial constitution, into regions which have no connection with the German Empire is forbidden". The emigration to the lower Volga, except for a few in the following years had come to an end.

    There has been a lot of misunderstanding about the Volga Germans because of the fact that many different German groups had come to Russia, beginning as early as the 16th century. About 27,000 Germans came to the Volga region.

    The emigrants were soon disillusioned with the treeless wilderness that was their new home. Fear and disappointment marked the first years on the steppe. In spite of this, 104 mother colonies were established along the Volga with some moving into the Black Sea Region near Odessa, Crimea, Bessarabia, and South Caucasus. The next generations of the Volga Germans gradually looked favorably upon the region and called it their Wolgaheimat (Volga homeland).

    Researching your German from Russia is not an easy task, but it can be done with a lot of patience. You must first determine if yours are Volga Germans or Black Sea Germans from Russia. There is a big difference. The two areas were from different parts of Germany and settled in different parts of Russia at different times.

    There were basically three religions for the German from Russia, Lutheran, Catholic and Mennonite. Knowing which religion yours was will also help you a great deal. The LDS has been extracting parish records that were stored in St. Petersburg. The Volga German records are not included. If you have Black Sea Catholics you will be able to get birth, death and marriage records.

    AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF GERMANS FROM RUSSIA (AHSGR) (Volga Germans)
    631 D Street
    Lincoln, NE 68502-1199
    (402) 474-3363
    (402) 474-7229
    Email: ahsgr@ahsgr.org
    URL: http://www.ahsgr.org/

    GERMANS FROM RUSSIA HERITAGE SOCIETY (Black Sea Germans)
    1125 West Turnpike Avenue
    Bismarck, ND 58501
    (701) 223-6167
    Email: rachel@grhs.org
    URL: http://www.grhs.com/

    FEEFHS
    Federation of East European Family History Societies
    PO Box 2347
    Salt Lake City, UT 84110-2347
    Email: info@feefhs.org
    URL: http://feefhs.org/

    Archives of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
    8765 W. Higgins Road
    Chicago, IL 60331-4198
    URL: http://www.elca.org/archives/index.html

    Mennonite Historical Society
    URL: http://www.mmhs.org/prussia/mmhsgen3.htm

    Master Listing of Germans From Russia on the Internet:
    URL: http://pixel.cs.vt.edu/library/boxes.../mastlist.html

    RAGAS is the Russian-American Genealogical Archival Service. RAGAS is now an independent, self-supporting organization for assisting persons with a USSR/Russian Empire background in obtaining information concerning their ancestors from archives in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Estonia. It was organized in 1992.
    RAGAS
    1929 18th Street, NW
    Suite 1112
    Washington, DC 20009

    Here are some excellent books and they can all be ordered from the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia. A book order form is on their web site.

    The Immigration from Germany to Russia in the Years 1763 to 1862 by Karl Stumpp

    Researching the Germans from Russia compiled by Michael Miller

    Russian German Settlements in the United States by Richard Sallet

    From Katherine to Khruschev, The Story of Russia�s Germans by Adam Giesinger

    Thunder On The Steppe by Timothy J & Rosalinda Kloberdanz

    Locating Your Immigrant Ancestor by James C. and Lila Lee Nagles

    The Black Sea Germans In The Dakotas by George Rath

    The German Russians by Karl Stumpp

    Wir Wollen Deutsche Bleiben ( The Story of the Volga Germans) by George J. Walters


    http://www.genealogyforum.com/gfaol/...fromRussia.htm
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    Quote Originally Posted by Siebenbürgerin View Post
    The Black Sea Germans (German: Schwarzmeerdeutsche) are ethnic Germans who left their homeland in the 18th and 19th centuries, and settled in territories of the north coast of the Black Sea, mostly in southern Ukraine. Included in the category of Black Sea Germans are the following groups from the Black Sea area: the Bessarabian Germans and the Dobrujan Germans.

    The Black Sea Germans are distinct from the Volga Germans, who were separate both geographically and culturally, although both groups moved to Russia at about the same time and for the same reasons.

    The Germans settled in southern Ukraine which at that time was part of the Russian Empire and on the Crimean Peninsula. This land was gained for Russia by Catherine the Great through her two wars with the Ottoman Empire (1768-1774) and from the annexation of the Crimean Khanates (1783). The area of settlement was not settled as compactly as that of the Volga territory, rather it was home to a chain of colonies. The first German settlers arrived in 1787, first from West Prussia, then later from Western and Southwestern Germany, as well as from the Warsaw area. Most notable were the Mennonites, who were known as capable farmers (see Molotschna, for their settlements in the Melitopol area); Empress Catherine herself sent them a personal invitation to immigrate to Russia.

    Personalities

    Georg Leibbrandt, leading Nazi

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sea_Germans
    Thank you for a most interesting post! I head that these Germans were relocated after WW2. Do you know where many of them went?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Nordlander View Post
    Thank you for a most interesting post! I head that these Germans were relocated after WW2. Do you know where many of them went?
    Many of them went to the USA. See the information Teutonic posted, it's very useful about that theme. Here another link about it:
    http://www.icehouse.net/debbie/html/rath_s_list.htm

    I think some went to Germany as well, along with the Volga Germans. Germany has a society for ethnic German expelled peoples. Ethnic Germans from the Sudetenland, Poland, Russia, Transylvania and other areas were relocated to Germany, so I'm guessing the Black Sea Germans were among them too.

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