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Thread: The Faroese Language (Føroyskt)

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    The Faroese Language (Føroyskt)

    Faroese (Føroyskt)

    Faroese is a North Germanic language with around 47,000 speakers in the Faroe Islands (Føroyar). Faroese is closely related to Icelandic and the dialects of western Norway, though as a result of the isolation, the Faroese language has a distinctive character of its own.

    The Faroe Islands were discovered in 825 AD by Grím Kamban and were colonialized during the 9th century by Vikings from Norway and from the Norse colonies in the British Isles. The main language of the settlers was Old Norse or the Dansk tunga (Danish tongue). Between 800 and 1050 AD a division began to appear between East Norse, which developed into Swedish and Danish, and West Norse, which developed into Norwegian, Faroese and Icelandic.

    Faroese first appeared in writing during the 14th century mainly in the form of sagas and fables, which remain popular to this day. A standard written form for Faroese based on Icelandic was established in 1846 by Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb (1819-1909). During the late 19th century modern Faroese literature began to appear and the first Faroese newspaper, Føringatiðindi, appeared in 1890.

    Faroese alphabet (føroyska stavraði&#240

    A a Á á B b D d Ð ð E e F f G g H h I i
    fyrra a á be de eð e eff ge há fyrra i
    Í í J j K k L l M m N n O o Ó ó P p R r
    fyrra í joð ká ell emm enn o ó pe err
    S s T t U u Ú ú V v Y y Ý ý Æ æ Ø ø
    ess te u ú ve seinna i seinna í seinna a ø

    Source: http://home.unilang.org/wiki3/index....roese_alphabet

    Faroese pronunciation



    Source: http://home.unilang.org/wiki3/index...._pronunciation

    Sample text

    Øll menniskju eru fødd fræls og jøvn til virðingar og mannarættindi. Tey hava skil og samvitsku og eiga at fara hvørt um annað í bróðuranda.
    Translation

    All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
    (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

    Longer sample text (Tower of Babel)

    Useful phrases in Faroese

    Links

    Information about the Faroese language
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faroese_language
    http://www.mundofree.com/islasferoe/...elanguage.html

    Faroese pronunciation
    http://home.unilang.org/wiki3/index...._pronunciation
    http://www.faroeislands.com/Default.asp?sida=655

    Online Faroese dictionaries
    http://www.kurtmadsen.com
    http://www.spanskt.com/slodir.htm

    Online Faroese radio
    http://www.uf.fo

    Faroe Islands Information (in English and Faroese) - includes information on the Faroese language: http://www.framtak.com/

    faroeweb.com - your gateway to the Faroe Islands (in English)
    http://www.faroeweb.com

    Faroe Islands Tourist Guide (in English, German and Danish)
    http://www.faroeislands.com


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    Go also to youtube and type "Faroese Language Lesson".

    This will teach you some basic phrases and how to pronounce them

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    Indeed, I believe youtube has many useful videos. I already have some saved in my favorites as I am interested in Northern Germanic languages.

    I will embed a video on basic Faroese in this thread for anyone who is interested.

    Faroese language lesson


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    I have found these:

    Useful Basics in Faroese:
    Hello: Góðan dag (gouwan dae)
    Goodbye: Farvæl (farrvael)
    Yes: Ja (yah)
    No: Nei (nigh)
    Please: Góði/góða (gouwe/gouwa for male & female)
    Thank you: Takk (tak)
    Excuse me (sorry): Orsaka meg (Or-saeka may)
    Do you speak English?: Duga tygum enskt? (Doowa teeyum enkst)
    I don't understand: Eg skilji ikki (eh schil-ji eetje)
    Faroese: Føroyskt (foroyst)

    Faroese Small-Talk:
    What's your name?: Hvussu eita tygum (kvusu oytah teeyum)
    Where are you from?: Hvaðan ert tú? (Vawahn air-dooh)
    I am from...: Eg eri úr... (eh ehr-ee oohr)
    This is my wife/husband: Hetta er kona mín/maður mín.
    I would like this, please: Kundi eg fingið hetta (kundi eh fingee-etah)
    I love you: Eg elski teg (eh elsgih deh)

    Directions & Travel:
    North: norður (nordoohr)
    East: eystur (aystoor)
    South: suður (soo-doohr)
    West: vestur (vestoohr)
    Where are you going to?: Hvagar fert tú? (Vahar fair-dooh)
    Have a nice trip: Góða ferð (goodah fair)

    Numbers in Faroese:
    Zero: Null (nool)
    One: Eitt (oyt)
    Two: Tvey (tvay)
    Three: Trý (troy)
    Four: Fýra (fayrah)
    Five: Fimm (fim)
    Six: Seks (sex)
    Seven: Sjey (shay)
    Eight: Átta (ottah)
    Nine: Níggju (nuyg-ju)
    Ten: Tíggju (tuyg-ju)

    Days & Times in Faroese:
    Morning: morgun (more-gun)
    Afternoon: seinnapart (saidn-apart)
    Evening: kvøld (k-vold)
    Night: nátt (not)
    Today: í dag (uy day)
    Tomorrow: í morgin (uy morgeen)
    Tonight: í kvøld (uy k-vold)
    Yesterday: í gjár (uy gjahr)

    Useful Faroese Phrases for Emergencies:
    Call a doctor: Ring eftir einum lækni (ring efteehr nemlecknee)
    Hospital: hospital (hospi-tahl)
    Police station: politistøð (poleetee stow)

    http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/la...esephrases.htm


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    Hi there Dagna and thanks for posting this
    Well you can find information on lots of Faroese grammar on the net so i will not speak abything about that.
    Faroese has most in common with Icleantic in grammar and structure.
    But when spoken then it doesn´t sound like Icelantic at all.

    Icelandtic has rolling R´s, similar to the R´s in spanish and italian.
    The danish have a mute R.
    But in Faroe Islands and big parts of Norway and Sweden then the R´s are probounced like in American English. Having said thet then there are lots of other things in the pronounciation that foreigners may find difficult.

    As an example the "ch/kj/sh" sound... this is a very common thing for west norwegian too. Ikki is probounced Iche.. the ch sound is similar to the english chew..

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    It is expensive (so start saving), but, for what it is worth, it is possible to go to the Faroe Islands and learn the language. Every couple of years the University of the Faroe Islands holds a Faroese Summer Institute for nonspeakers to learn the language. Information can be found HERE.

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    Færøysk vs Íslandsk

    Thanks for posting.

    Færøysk is not that hard to read and understand while Icelandic on the other hand is totally unintelligible for me.
    Seems that the language on Færøyar is closer to "common" Scandinavian than Icelandic for some reason.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Birkebeinr View Post
    Thanks for posting.

    Færøysk is not that hard to read and understand while Icelandic on the other hand is totally unintelligible for me.
    Seems that the language on Færøyar is closer to "common" Scandinavian than Icelandic for some reason.
    I think it has a lot more Danish influence, it's still a part of Denmark, so that would make sense (I guess). I think Danish was the language of education, government, business, etc. there until the 20th century. Icelandic changed less over the years compared to the other ones as well, which would make sense as to why it seems more different.

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    The Faroese part begins at 4:31.

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