New results of Hominoid research in the Carpathian Basin

László Kordos

ABSTRACT: Within the dynamic tectonic realm of the Carpathian Basin five succesive primate
first appearance events has documented: Griphopithecus darwini and Pliopithecus (ca. 15 M
years), Dryopithecus carinthiacus (ca. 12.5 M years), Dryopithecus brancoi (= Rudapithecus
hungaricus) and Anapithecus hernyaki (ca. 10 M years), Mesopithecus pentelici (between 8 and
5.5 M years), and Dolicopithecus sp.(terminal Miocene and middle Pliocene). In 1998 an
associated femoral remains of adult Anapithecus were discovered at Rudabánya. RUD-184 has
a large and almost perfectly spherical head, a very long, antero-posteriorly compressed neck
and a robust, curved shaft with a pronounced gluteal line. A new cranium of Rudapithecus (=
Dryopithecus brancoi), RUD-200 (“Gabi”) were found in 1999 at Rudabánya. RUD-200 is the
first Dryopithecus cranial specimen preserving large portions of the face and neurocranium
with direct bone to bone contact. It shares the same great ape characters found in other
Dryopithecus from Rudabánya and elsewhere in Europe (dental proportions, labiolingually
thick incisors, compressed canines, elongated postcanines, no cingula, reduced premolar cusp
heteromorphy, large brain, high root of zygomatic, no subarcuate fossa). It also shares African
ape characters seen in other Dryopithecus specimens (laterally facing malar surface, stepped
subnasal floor, mildly elongated subnasal clivus, elongated cranium, prominent entoglenoid,
fused articular and tympanic temporal, subtle but distinct supraorbital torus, supratoral sulcus,
projecting glabella, small but inferiorly placed frontal sinus widest at or below nasion in
ethmoidal region and thin enamel with high dentine penetrance).
Acta Biol Szeged 44(1-4):71-74 (2000)