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Thread: WWII: Was Stalin to Blame? Did Stalin Plan to Invade Germany?

  1. #81
    Senior Member Todesritter's Avatar
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    I don't disagree with the reasoning of the policy to attack, but they should have guaranteed victory by bringing all the resources available from Scandinavia & Finland to bear on the northern front, ensuring penetration deep east of Leningrad, & cutting off of Murmansk (& let the Finns hold the line in northern woodland territory) & shortening the Front so that Army Group North & Center could have hit Moscow like two fists (possibly motivated Sweden actively to join the Axis with territory from western Finland to provide them a Swedish corridor to the arctic & give triple the Soviet territory to Finland's east in compensation to the Finns) - bring Stalin back to Berlin in a bear cage.

    Instead full commitment in the north was so late coming, resources were required to flow the other direction at that critical early stage; too much was gambled on taking Leningrad in a sprint & not guaranteed with *more than adequate* resources, and in a marathon the advantage was with the Soviets' expendable resources & territory....


  2. #82
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    Another book has since appeared, entitled "Deutschland im Visier Stalins", and there's a review of it in the PDF document below. It's in German so I fed it into an online translator to get the (approximate) English ...

    Deutschland im Visier Stalins

    For decades, the thesis of the "Unprovoked German raid" and the "Unprepared Soviet Union" around the world, if from the beginning of German-Soviet War on 22 June 1941 is the speech. she is Part of the effort of the victors of 1945 and not less German historians, about the "Blame for World War II" alone decide. Corrections, revisions of these Dogmas through a steadily progressing History are not welcome and will, if possible, be prevented. So serious approaches to revising the causes of the German-Soviet War 1941- 1945 by Ernst Topitsch (Stalin's War 1993) or by Joachim Hoffmann (Stalin's War of annihilation 1995) penetrated into the width of public awareness. Now, a former general of the National People's Army of the GDR has the topic again taken up and more than 2,400 military documents of the Soviet Union, which in the nineties Years in the Russian archives were temporarily accessible to the public, for State of Soviet armaments and the operational plans of the Red Army from 1939/40 to pass a thorough examination, as well as 40 Soviet memoirs Generals and officers and the most important German documents like the War diaries of the German High Command and General Halders and the Memories of the Wehrmacht generality. The author concludes that Stalin after the conclusion of the pact with Hitler on August 23, 1939 summed up the target to start a massive rearmament of the Red Army with the intention of one major military attack against Germany and Europe.

    Already the invasion of the Soviet Army in eastern Poland in the course of the Hitler-Stalin Pact on September 17, 1939 and then the attack on Finland (November 1939 / March 1940) like the military occupation of the Baltic States as well as Bessarabia and the South Bukovina in the summer of 1940 served in the design of the Kremlin to build a Staging area for the expected war between the northern sea and the Black Sea. From 1939/40 not only a new push of the construction of the Soviet heavy and armaments industry, Stalin already in the thirties but also a rapid reinforcement of the Red Army. Their team strength was 1938 still 1.6 million, in 1940 already 6, 5 million and in spring 1941 already 8.6 million. In the spring of 1940, the Kremlin and the Soviet General Staff also drafted a series of operational plans, who steadily expanded the objectives of the attack. In. The plan of May 15, 1941, was about no less than the puncture to Berlin and Vienna. The author also looks at the political preparation of the military plans Stalin, how about. the connection with Britain in May 1940 as Churchill the Left Socialist Sir Stafford Cripps as ambassador to Moscow had sent with Stalin immediately first talks - not a year after the pact with Hitler. In April 1941, the neutrality agreement with Japan followed Moscow then enabled reserves from Siberia and in December 1941 as the Wehrmacht had already penetrated to the western edge of the capital, also with Fresh Soviet troops from the Far East in the midst of Russian winter on the offensive proceed.

    The first reactions of the German leadership to the clearly recognizable Soviet Deployment began at the end of July 1940 after the completion of the campaign in France first transfer of forces to the new German eastern borders and the first Operation studies in August / September 1940. After the Molotov visit to the November 1940, which clearly revealed the Soviet objectives (military occupation Finland and the western Baltic Sea, the Turkish Straits and the Mouth of the Danube) the Barbarossa directive No. 21 was issued in Berlin on 18 December 1940 as the decision for a five-month campaign against the Soviet Union with the strategic goal of the European border of Russia still close to completion of the war with England. The year 1941 was then marked by the military preparations for war Pages where the Soviet side remained in steady force forehand. At the June 22, 1941, the date of the attack of the Wehrmacht, the author states the following Force ratio: 127 German against 216 Soviet divisions (1: 1.7), 3 332 German against 12 379 tanks (1: 3.7), 2 253 against 8 240 aircraft (1: 3.6). Both sides were in terms of their military forces and deployment and operational plans Attack, Stalin and the Soviet side since the summer of 1939 and clearly since the summer of 1939 and 1940, while the Wehrmacht since the second Half of 1940 followed gradually.

    The author draws from the two offensive statements and from the attack of the Wehrmacht on June 22, 1941, concluded that it was a classic German Preventive attack against the Red Army, also prepared for the offensive, acted whose attack he places on the basis of his evidence at the beginning or middle of July. Especially since the German initial successes with their boiler battles and hundreds of thousands Soviet prisoners became evidence for the dense Soviet forces Attacking armies as well as the much-discussed Soviet operation plan of 15 May 1941 with its deep bumps to Berlin and Vienna. The author has set himself the task to the military goals of Stalin 1939/41 examine and solve them with care. In parallel, he also has the military Development of the Wehrmacht investigated and depicted until the beginning of the war in 1941. The Questions about the political and ideological goals and motives of the two sides were no longer his subject as much as they impose themselves. Both sides and especially theirs Central figures were with their goals and methods, the political as well as the strategic-military are characterized by excessiveness and have failed. After this the European war came to a standstill with the German victory in France seemed to be determined, Hitler was determined to return him by the attack in the east Movement and to bring success.

    One can therefore bring the topic to the point: In the German-Soviet War in 1941 encountered two offensives, the confrontation of the two totalitarian party states each other. Both dictators were, as we know today, with their dubious pact August 23, 1939 for time gone: Stalin for the sweeping Strengthening his position for the planned attack against Germany and Europe, Hitler for victory in the West, and then turn to the East. But while Stalin in the German attack with the help of the US and England and thus could count on success, Hitler was alone with his Eastern offensive. Hitler had his attack in the German "living space" in the East in the sights, so Stalin's goal in life is his offensive against Germany and Europe: "To ignite the cause of world revolution." Both offensives and goals are historically failed and sunk in the abyss of history. What success in As far as World War II is concerned, however, Stalin will probably have to be right Day after the conclusion of the pact with Hitler on August 23, 1939 in the familiar circle could say "I outsmarted Hitler."

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