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Thread: Was Carleton Coon a Populationist?

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    Was Carleton Coon a Populationist?

    Coon criticised the Czekanowski school harshly but why does Wiercinski lump him together with Boas and Montagu (aka Israel Ehrenburg)?

    Strangely, Coon does not even deny this association in his reply to Wiercinski.

    "A new approach to the study of race evolved as anthropology
    assimilated the concepts of classic Mendelism.
    The populationist concept of race has attracted
    many adherents among modern anthropologists and
    geneticists: Boas (1938), Coon (1939, 1955), Kluckhohn
    (1949), Garn (1955), Birdsell (1950), Dunn and Dobzhansky
    (1946), and others. Their views have been well
    set forth by Ashley Montagu (1950)."

    IMHO, Coon was a solid supporter of the typological model. Were there some populationist elements in his racial system?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Dr. Solar Wolff View Post
    After World War Two, the word "population" was substituted for the word "race" in Anthropology. There are some different shades of meaning but the object was Boasian and to get rid of race and typological Anthropology. Coon had no choice nor did anyone else at that time. Typological Anthropology was associated with racism and the Nazis. All study of race stopped. Since the study of race is allelic substitutions, all study of contemporary "populations" had to be restructured. This mind-numbing concept continued until about 1974 when Sarich, Allen, Vincent, and others in Genetics came up with the genetic clock technology. This technology was then reversed and led to what we now call genetic markers. Genetic markers opened up the study of race and allelic substitutions once more on a more P/C basis.
    Very well. But the study of race is incomplete without finding out which alleles positively code for phenotypes. How is the connection positively established?

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