"It is likely that the ritual game of the Cretan bull ring must have served the function for the young God kings of Crete as did the bull of Osiris serve the Pharaohs. The sacred Apis which was ceremonially slain every twenty five years relieved the Pharaoh himself of the obligation of a ritual regicide. The Cretan Kings always show a youth of about twenty, there is none of an old man, so there may have been a regicide at the close of each Venus cycle, although the prominence of the bull ring and the ritual art of Crete suggests that a ritual substitution is likely to have been made."


"This actual act of tiding their resources would happen exactly when the planet would disappear for 8 days. ...The Venus star was also monumental to the regulation of sacred warfare. Only during the dissaperence did and could the priests of wage wars of religion. This group of sacred warriors were thought to be selected by the venus god Kukulcan and thus only this elite group of warriors would wage war. Pictures of wars depicted in Bonanpak and Cacaxtla in Mexico depict these battles showing these warriors dressed in ceremonial venus garments, that even the women of these warriors wore."


"To the ancient Aztecs, Venus was a sacred symbol of the deity Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, whose powers were intensified when Venus came into alignment with the Pleiades constellation. To the ancient Mayans, Venus was the patron planet of warfare, and Mayans often sealed off their windows and chimneys to prevent its harmful light from entering."


The Mayan people of Mesoamerica where avid star gazzers who strived to understand the cosmos as a way to understand their creation. Through out Central America ancient observers know as Shaman, began looking at the heavens for answers to the age old riddle of where do we come from? This question lead this mathematically advanced civilization arrive at conclusions that would have marveled the great European stargazzers like Galileo among others. The mayas like many other ancient people noticed a peculiarity with the motion of the planet Venus's rotation. It is the only planet visible to the naked eye that has both a retrograde motion and is as birght as a star. This special quality of venus lead the mayans to develop myths and stories, that would eventually lead them to the mythical explanation of their creation.

The mayan people had alot of names for this planet. The first and most important one of these names is, nok ek (red star), followed by; sastal ek (bright star) and xux ek (wasp star). This star was the object of worship for the entire mesoamerican culture. In the maya vocabulary this planet/deity is depicted by the serpent god Kukulcan. This god who inspired fear and awe to the people of ancient yucatan.

Kukulcan was a character who was half jaguar and half deity. His legend, which was well known through out the region, was in many ways similar to the planet venus. That is to say that Venus disapears 8 days every 260 days is a star (for the mayans) that was elusive to the celestial order. Thus demostrated superiority as did Kukulcan. He too rose in the in the east and disapeared in the west to one day reapear in the east. This legend, latter picked up by the aztecs foretold the comming of the spanish, who they misunderstood for gods, and proceded to become royal subjects to the crown.

To the mayan Venus was both a good and bad star, (one must not take the western meaning of good or bad for in the time of the mayas this would just be seen as night or day with out reference to the christian concept of a sin). That is to say that this celestial object could not only bring the gods of corn and water together but also make them tide their resourses to the more poweful god of venus. This actual act of tiding their resources would happen exactly when the planet would disappear for 8 days. During this time the maya believed that by proforming ritual sacrifices, could apease the gods and make them not cast disease upon the land. This was thought to be a way to pay their debt, and thus compensating the gods for interceding on their behalf for the return of venus.

The Venus star was also monumental to the regulation of sacred warfare. Only during the dissaperence did and could the priests of wage wars of religion. This group of sacred warriors were thought to be selected by the venus god Kukulcan and thus only this elite group of warriors would wage war. Pictures of wars depicted in Bonanpak and Cacaxtla in Mexico depict these battles showing these warriors dressed in ceremonial venus garments, that even the women of these warriors wore.

http://artemis.austincollege.edu/aca...f_venus.1.html