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Thread: Today in Germanic History

  1. #11
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 9th
    [A good day for physics, chemistry and Nobel Prizes -Arc]

    1793 - New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
    1835 - The Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
    1851 - The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
    1856 - The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
    1872 - In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
    1888 - Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his self-designed computing device at the United States War Department.
    1897 - Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
    1905 - In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
    1945 - General George S. Patton is injured in an automobile crash in occupied Germany. He dies twelve days later.
    1946 - The "Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals" began with the "Doctors' Trial", prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
    1950 - Harry Gold is sentenced to thirty years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
    1953 - Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company
    1960 - The first episode of ITV soap-opera Coronation Street is aired.
    1961 - The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with him being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
    1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
    1982 - Activist Norman Mayer threatens to blow up the Washington Monument, before being killed by United States Park Police.
    1987 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank
    1992 - The separation of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales is announced

    Birth:
    1594 - King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632)
    1608 - John Milton, English poet (d. 1674)
    1868 - Fritz Haber, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1934)
    1889 - Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner and Olympic gold medalist (d. 1966)
    1909 - Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor (d. 2000)
    1916 - Kirk Douglas, American actor and film producer
    1917 - James Rainwater, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
    1919 - William Lipscomb, American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate
    1926 - Henry Way Kendall, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
    1964 - Paul Landers, German guitarist (Rammstein)
    1968 - Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler [You Suck! -Arc]



    Death:
    1165 - King Malcolm IV of Scotland
    1437 - Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
    1565 - Pope Pius IV (b. 1499)
    1669 - Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
    1930 - Andrew "Rube" Foster, American baseball player and founder of the Negro National League
    1937 - Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
    1971 - Ralph Bunche, American diplomat and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
    1984 - Nicholas "Razzle" Dingley, British drummer (Hanoi Rocks) (b. 1960)

  2. #12
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 10th

    1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V.
    1508 - The League of Cambrai is formed by Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice.
    1520 - Martin Luther burns his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine outside Wittenberg's Elster Gate.
    1684 - Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
    1817 - Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.
    1868 - The first traffic lights are installed outside the Houses of Parliament in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
    1869 - Wyoming grants women the right to vote.
    1898 - Spanish-American War: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the conflict.
    1901 - The first Nobel Prizes are awarded.
    1936 - Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII signs his Instrument of Abdication.
    1948 - The UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    1965 - The Grateful Dead play their first concert, at the Fillmore in San Francisco.
    1984 - Apartheid: Cleric and activist Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
    1986 - The Holocaust: Elie Wiesel is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
    1996 - Rwandan Genocide: Military Advisor to the United Nations Secretary-General and head of the Military Division of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations of the United Nations Maurice Baril recommends that the UN multi-national forces in Zaire stand down.

    Birth:

    1394 - King James I of Scotland (d. 1437)
    1815 - Ada Lovelace, British computer programmer (d. 1852) [The early nerd... -Arc]
    1830 - Emily Dickinson, American poet (d. 1886)
    1960 - Kenneth Branagh, Northern Irish actor and director

    Death:
    1865 - King Léopold I of Belgium (b. 1790)
    1967 - Otis Redding, American soul singer (b. 1941)
    1978 - Ed Wood, Jr., American filmmaker (b. 1924)
    2005 - Eugene J. McCarthy, United States Senator (b. 1916)

  3. #13
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 11th

    1769 - Paul Revere becomes initiated into The Free masons
    1792 - French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
    1931 - The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster, which establishes a status of legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
    1936 - Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India becomes effective.
    1937 - Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations
    1941 - World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
    1946 - The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established.
    1954 - The American Nuclear Society is founded.
    1972 - Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and, to date, last mission to land on the Moon.
    1981 - In his last fight, Muhammad Ali loses to Trevor Berbick.
    1990 - Mafia: New York mafioso John Gotti is arrested.
    1994 - First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya
    2001 - Members of the DrinkOrDie warez group are arrested in police raids.
    2001 - The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization.

    Birth:

    1475 - Pope Leo X (d. 1521)
    1725 - George Mason, American statesman (d. 1792)
    1882 - Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City (d. 1947)
    1958 - Nikki Sixx, American bassist (Mötley Crüe)
    1974 - Rey Mysterio, American professional wrestler [619 -Arc]

    Death:

    384 - Pope Damasus I
    1282 - Llywelyn the Last, Welsh Prince of Gwynedd
    1282 - Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1225)

  4. #14
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 12th

    627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeat Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
    1098 - First Crusade: Massacre of Ma'arrat al-Numan - Crusaders breach the town's walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they resort to cannibalism.
    1719 - The Boston Gazette is published for the first time.
    1787 - Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution.
    1870 - Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the first black U.S. congressman.
    1899 - George F. Bryant, of Boston patents the wooden golf tee.
    1901 - Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.
    1939 - Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi - Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict. [:fi: -Arc]
    1941 - World War II: Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria.
    1948 - Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre - 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
    1950 - Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
    1963 - Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
    1990 - Pakistan became 37th country in the world to send expedition to Antarctica. [Currys for penguins? -Arc]
    2000 - The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore, deciding the presidential election of 2000.

    Birth:
    1298 - Archduke Albert II of Austria (d. 1358)
    1418 - Archduke Albert VI of Austria (d. 1463)
    1574 - Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I of England (d. 1619)
    1863 - Edvard Munch, Norwegian expressionist painter (d. 1944)
    1915 - Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (d. 1998)
    1927 - Honor Blackman, British actress
    1970 - Jennifer Connelly, American actress

    Death:
    884 - Carloman, King of the West Franks
    1843 - King William I of the Netherlands, (b. 1772)
    1889 - Robert Browning, British poet (b. 1812)
    1939 - Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (b. 1883)
    1999 - Joseph Heller, American author (b. 1923)

  5. #15
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 13th


    1545 - Council of Trent begins.
    1577 - Sir Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
    1642 - Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
    1643 - English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
    1862 - American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats the Union Major General Ambrose E. Burnside.
    1938 - Holocaust: 100 deportees from Sachsenhausen build the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg.
    1939 - World War II: Battle of the River Plate - Captain Hans Langsdorff scuttles the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee after battle with Royal Navy cruisers HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax and HMNZS Achilles.
    1941 - World War II: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States.
    1949 - The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
    1996 - Kofi Annan is elected as Secretary-General of the United Nations.
    2002 - Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
    2003 - Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
    2005 - Stanley Williams, Convicted murderer and co-founder of the Crips street gang, is executed at San Quentin State Prison.

    Birth:
    1521 - Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
    1533 - King Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
    1553 - King Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
    1784 - Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
    1797 - Heinrich Heine, German poet (d. 1856)
    1867 - Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (d. 1917)
    1906 - Sir Laurens van der Post, Afrikaner-born South African author (d. 1996)
    1925 - Dick Van Dyke, American actor and comedian
    1957 - Steve Buscemi, American actor

    Death:
    1124 - Pope Callixtus II
    1250 - Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
    1466 - Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi), Florentine artist and sculptor (b. 1386)
    1721 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
    1784 - Samuel Johnson, British writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
    1961 - Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
    2005 - Stanley Williams, Convicted murderer and founder of the Crips street gang (b. 1953)

  6. #16
    Senior Member KraftAkt's Avatar
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    Pretty America-centric isnt it?

  7. #17
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    Quote Originally Posted by Arcturus
    1941 - Holocaust: Gas vans are first used as a means of execution, at the Chelmno concentration camp near Lodz in Poland.
    I know a lot of people that would like to see some proof of gas ever having been used :


  8. #18
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by KraftAkt
    Pretty America-centric isnt it?
    I try to keep the American aspect on the low key, yet most famous celebrities are in fact American.
    I know a lot of people that would like to see some proof of gas ever having been used
    You can take it up with the good PC folk at Wikipedia.

  9. #19
    Senior Member KraftAkt's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Arcturus
    :icon1:
    I suppose there arent others, just wanted to point out the obvious. :redface:

  10. #20
    Senior Member Arcturus's Avatar
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    December 14th

    867 - Adrian II becomes Pope.
    872 - John VIII becomes Pope.
    1287 - Zuider Zee sea wall collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
    1542 - Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland.
    1769 - Dartmouth College is chartered by King George III of England
    1896 - Glasgow Underground Railway, third in the world, opens (an accident closes it the same day and it only reopens in 1897).
    1900 - Max Planck publishes his study of quantum theory (The birth of Quantum Theory)
    1902 - First telegraph cable is laid across the Pacific Ocean.
    1911 - First expedition reaches the South Pole, led by Roald Amundsen.
    1918 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounced the Finnish throne. [: -Arc]
    1939 - USSR is expelled from the League of Nations.
    1946 - UN General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City.
    1958 - 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first ever to reach The Pole of Relative Inaccessibility.
    1962 - Mariner 2 became the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
    1962 - The Mona Lisa was assessed at US$100 million, the highest insurance valuance for a painting in history.
    1981 - Israel annexes the Golan Heights.
    1991 - A rock slide takes off 10 metres of Mount Cook's elevation in New Zealand.
    1995 - The Dayton Agreement was signed in Paris to end the Yugoslav wars.
    1999 - Charles M. Schulz, creator of the comic strip Peanuts, announced his retirement.
    2004 - The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, is officially opened.

    Birth:
    1503 - Nostradamus, French astrologer and mathematician (d. 1566)
    1870 - Karl Renner, President of Austria (d. 1950)
    1895 - King George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
    1914 - Karl Carstens, President of Germany (d. 1992)

    Death:
    1510 - Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
    1542 - King James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
    1788 - Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (b. 1714)
    1799 - George Washington, first President of the United States (b. 1732)

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