Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in two groups of Italian Veneto speakers from Veneto
N. MOGENTALE-PROFIZI1, L. CHOLLET1, A. STÉVANOVITCH2, V. DUBUT1, C. POGGI1, M. P. PRADIÉ1, J. L. SPADONI2, A. GILLES3 and E. BÉRAUD-COLOMB2
Although frequencies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups in the different European populations are rather homogenous, there are a few European populations or linguistic isolates that show different mtDNA haplogroup distributions; examples are the Saami and Ladin speakers from the eastern Italian Alps.

MtDNA sequence diversity was analysed from subjects from two villages in Veneto. The first, Posina, is situated in the Venetian Alps near Vicenza. The second, Barco di Pravisdomini is a village on the plains near Venice. In spite of their common Veneto dialect, the two group populations have not preserved a genetic homogeneity; particularly, they show differences in T and J haplogroups frequencies. MtDNA diversity in these two groups seems to depend more on their geographic situation.

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T''he Posina and Barco groups were distinguished
by their haplogroup J and haplogroup T
distributions. The Barco population, with a
higher J value, is more like the neighbouring
Tuscanians than Posina (16.6%in Barco, 16.6%
in Tuscany and 5.3% in Posina).''