by Marco Maertens

Abstract

In this thesis, the author investigates the Iink between the process of econornic and political integration within the European Union and the phenomenon of nationalist assertion. By examining the cases of Flanders and Scotland, it is argued that increased nationalisrn is a normal and predictable outcome of the process of integration in general, and of the EU more specifically. By analysing four factors - econornic incorporation, system-wide policies, systems of transfers payment, and
political isolation - the author finds two trends within the nationalist movements.

The first is that the nationalist groups seek to acquire several of the powers currently held by the states of which they are currently part, Belgium and the United Kingdom respectively. The second is that these sub-state groups see themselves as part of a new order in which states are losing their significance. Neither of the theories associated with these observations on their own, however, satisfactorily explains the link between integration and increased nationalist assertion in the nationalist movements studied.

The conclusion is that the nationalist groups accept the concept
of an authority above the level of the state, nation, or region, but emphasise the necessity of a large degree of regional autonorny and a real voice for these regions in the decision-making process of this authority. Since the European Union is and always has been an exclusive club of member states, nationalist groups consider, within the framework of current institutional arrangements, that full statehood may be
the only way to achieve their goals.

full text:
http://www.collectionscanada.ca/obj/...01/MQ37219.pdf