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Thread: The Finnish Gods, from Hm and Karjala (1551)

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    The Finnish Gods, from Hm and Karjala (1551)

    The ancient finnish gods (from Hm and Karjala) according to Mikael Agricola's Psalttari preamble, published in 1551. The spellings follow aproximately this "original" source.

    Similar lists were published in other Bible translations during the 1540's and 1550's.

    This list contains all the entities specifically mentioned by Agricola, except Piru which is generally considered to be the Christian devil.

    The explanations could be expanded on until infinity due to many different interpretations, these are very succinct.

    * Tapio — god of the forest and the hunt
    * Achti — god of waters and fishing
    * ineminen — creator of songs, possibly water related entity
    * Rachkoi — weird entity that was responsible for the moon's disappearance
    * Liecki — controls grass, roots, and trees, however, in other instances mentioned as a ghost like creature that makes noises in the forest and scares travellers.
    * Ilmarinen — a traveller's helper
    * Turisas — god of war
    * Cratti — protector of buried treasure
    * Tontu — an elf or spirit protector of small areas
    * Capeet — another eater of the moon
    * Calevanpojat — giants, never seen but existed because their works were evident
    * Rongoteus — god of growing rye
    * Pellonpekko — god of growing barley
    * Wirancannos — god of oats
    * Egres — generally helped farmed plants grow, like peas, beans, turnips, cabbage, flax (linen or cotton, most likely flax) and hemp
    * Knds — probably god of ploughed land
    * Ukko — god of thunder
    * Rauni — possibly wife of Ukko. When they had words, the sky would quake.
    * Hiisi — god of forest, but more unpredictable than Tapio who is generally considered helpful
    * Wedhen Eme — another god of water
    * Nyrckes — forest entity, gave squirrels
    * Hittavanin — forest entity, gave rabbits (hares)

    Three other, non-specific, entities that are mentioned by Agricola are:

    * Cooludhen — the dead ancestors, were appeased with food, crying, and lamenting
    * Menningeiset — general (or earth) spirits that were kept pleased with sacrifices
    * Kivet, Cannot, Tdhet, Cwuta — the rocks, tree stumps, stars, and moon were also worshipped

    Heroes, gods and spirits

    This list serves as a compilation of the above along with more heroes from the Kalevala. It uses the modern spelling of names versus the older ones above. This serves as an introduction to some of the other avatars and things that exist in the Finnish pantheon. However, not all of them are necessarily magickal.

    # Ahti — (or Ahto) god of the depths, giver of fish
    # Ajattara — (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.
    # Akka — ("old lady") female spirit, feminine counterpart of "Ukko".
    # Antero Vipunen — deceased giant, protector of deep knowledge and magic
    # Hiisi — demon, originally meaning a sacred grove. (Can sometimes mean goblin). It is possible that originally Hiisi was not a demon or a mean goblin but one of the oldest gods in Finland.
    # Ilmarinen — (also "Seppo Ilmarinen") the great artificer, maker of heaven. Originally a male spirit of air. Related to Inmar.
    # Ilmatar — female spirit of air — the daughter of primeal substance of creative spirit.
    # Jumala — a god, a word later used for the christian God.
    # Kalevan poika — (son/man of Kaleva) a giant hero who can cut down forests and mow down huge meadows, identical with Estonian national epic hero Kalevipoeg
    # Kotitonttu — tutelary of the home.
    # Kullervo — tragic loser
    # Lemminkinen — (Ahti Saarelainen — Kaukomieli) a brash hero
    # Lempo — nasty spirit
    # Lalli — (Laurentius) Finn who slew Bishop Henry, according to legend
    # Louhi — (also "Loviatar") matriarch of Pohjola, hostess of Underworld.
    # Luonnotar — spirit of nature, feminine creator
    # Maaemo — literally "earthmother", see Akka or Louhi.
    # Menninkinen
    — a halfling
    # Mielikki — wife of Tapio, the Goddess of the forest.
    # Nyyrikki — god of the hunt
    # Nkki — fearsome pool, well and bridgespirit
    # Otso — the spirit of the bear (one of many circumlocutory epithets)
    # Peikko — troll
    # Pekko — (or Pellon Pekko) the god of crops, especially barley and brewing
    # Perkele — the headpiru (later Devil) Originally Perkele was not the Devil but a god of thunder and can be seen as a earlier form of Ukko. Related to Baltic Perkunas and Germanic Thor
    # Pellervo — (also "Sampsa Pellervoinen") the god of harvest
    # Pihatonttu — tutelary of the yard
    # Piru — demon
    # Pivtr — the goddess of day
    # Saunatonttu — tutelary of the Sauna
    # Tapio — the god of the forest
    # Tellervo
    # Tonttu — generally benign tutelary. Originally, a patron of cultivated land, keeper of lot. A phallic totem.
    # Tuonetar, (Tuonen tytti) Daughter of god of Underworld
    # Ukko — the god of the sky and thunder, related to Thor (Estonian Taara)
    # Vellamo — wife of Ahti, goddess of the sea
    # Vinminen — the wise man and magic musician



    Epejumalat monet tesse
    muinen palveltin caucan ja lesse.
    Neite cumarsit Hemelaiset
    seke Miehet ette Naiset.

    Tapio Metzest Pydhyxet soi
    ja Achti wedhest Caloja toi.
    ineminen wirdhet tacoi
    Rachkoi Cuun mustaxi jacoi.

    Liecki Rohot jwret ja puudh
    hallitsi ja sencaltaiset mwdh.
    Ilmarinen Rauhan ja ilman tei
    ja Matkamiehet edheswei.

    Turisas annoi Woiton Sodhast
    Cratti murhen piti Tavarast.
    Tontu Honen menon hallitzi
    quin Piru monda willitzi.

    Capeet ms heilde Cuun sit
    Calevanpojat Nijttut ja mwdh lit.
    Waan Carjalaisten Nmet olit
    Epejumalat cuin he rucolit.

    Rongoteus Ruista annoi
    Pellonpecko Ohran casvon soi.
    Wirancannos Cauran caitzi
    mutoin oltin Caurast paitzi.

    Egres hernet Pawudh Naurit loi
    Caalit Linat ja Hamput edestoi.
    Knds Huchtat ja Pellot teki
    quin heiden Epeuskons nki.

    Ja quin Kevekylv kylvettin
    silloin ukon malja jootijn.
    Sihen haetin ukon wacka
    nin joopui Pica ette Acka.

    Sijtte paljo Hpie sielle techtin
    quin seke cwltin ette nechtin.
    Quin Rauni Ukon Naini hrsky
    jalosti Ukoi pohjasti prsky.

    Se sis annoi Ilman ja WdhenTulon
    kkri se liseis Carjan casvon.
    Hiisi Metzeleist soi woiton
    Wedhen Eme wei calat vercon.

    Nyrckes Oravat annoi Metzast
    Hittavanin toi Jenexet Pensast.
    Eik se Cansa wimmattu ole
    joca neite wsko ja rucole.

    Sihen Piru ja Sydi weti heite
    Ette he cumarsit ja wskoit neite.
    Cooludhen hautijn Rooca wietin
    joissa walitin parghutin ja idketin.

    Menningeiset ms heiden Wffrins sait
    coska Lesket hoolit ja nait.
    Palveltin ms paljo muuta
    Kivet Cannot Tdhet ja Cwuta.

    — Mikael Agricola, Psalttari (1551)
    Lk brn leika best.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Blutwlfin

    * Pellonpekko — god of growing barley
    # Ajattara — (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.

    # Pekko — (or Pellon Pekko) the god of crops, especially barley and brewing
    # Perkele — the headpiru (later Devil) Originally Perkele was not the Devil but a god of thunder and can be seen as a earlier form of Ukko. Related to Baltic Perkunas and Germanic Thor


    Nice stuff. Thank you Blutwlfin

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    Here's a humoristic website about Finnish gods:

    http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/f...-mythology.php

    Some Lappish mythology is icluded though.

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    Interesting article, as I have to say. I always wondered what our drunken Suomi friends were believing in... :

    Interesting to find out some similarities to the sir (well I guess Ukko/Perkele would have some association to Donar/Thunor/Thor; the moon gets eaten eventually...: )

    Greets by the way to the Beer god and the evil forest spirit by the famed dragonslayer.
    -In kalte Schatten versunken... /Germaniens Volk erstarrt / Gefroren von Lgen / In denen die Welt verharrt-
    -Die alte Seele trauernd und verlassen / Verblassend in einer erklrbaren Welt / Schwebend in einem Dunst der Wehmut / Ein Schrei der nur unmerklich gellt-
    -Auch ich verspre Demut / Vor dem alten Geiste der Ahnen / Wird es mir vergnnt sein / Gen Walhalla aufzufahren?-

    (Heimdalls Wacht, In kalte Schatten versunken, stanzas 4-6)

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    Quote Originally Posted by Sigurd

    Interesting to find out some similarities to the sir (well I guess Ukko/Perkele would have some association to Donar/Thunor/Thor; the moon gets eaten eventually...: )

    As I understand Perkele is indeed realted in some way to germanic Thor and slavic Perun.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Skildur
    As I understand Perkele is indeed realted in some way to germanic Thor and slavic Perun.
    It's better to call Perun (or Perkunas) Balto-Slavic (or Slavo-Baltic?) God.

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    Quote Originally Posted by palesye
    It's better to call Perun (or Perkunas) Balto-Slavic (or Slavo-Baltic?) God.
    Don't really know. Perun is Slavic, Perkunas is Baltid. Same God but different names.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Skildur
    Don't really know. Perun is Slavic, Perkunas is Baltid. Same God but different names.
    So like:

    Oinn/Wodanaz/Wotan/Woden
    Thorr/Thunor/Donar
    Tyr/Tiw/Tiu/Tiwaz

    all being names for one same god, but for different subchapters of the Germanic people?
    -In kalte Schatten versunken... /Germaniens Volk erstarrt / Gefroren von Lgen / In denen die Welt verharrt-
    -Die alte Seele trauernd und verlassen / Verblassend in einer erklrbaren Welt / Schwebend in einem Dunst der Wehmut / Ein Schrei der nur unmerklich gellt-
    -Auch ich verspre Demut / Vor dem alten Geiste der Ahnen / Wird es mir vergnnt sein / Gen Walhalla aufzufahren?-

    (Heimdalls Wacht, In kalte Schatten versunken, stanzas 4-6)

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    Quote Originally Posted by Sigurd
    So like:

    Oinn/Wodanaz/Wotan/Woden
    Thorr/Thunor/Donar
    Tyr/Tiw/Tiu/Tiwaz

    all being names for one same god, but for different subchapters of the Germanic people?

    Yes, I think. Perun and Perkunas are both Gods of thunder and share similiar features.

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    Grin

    Quote Originally Posted by Ajatar
    Here's a humoristic website about Finnish gods:
    # Ajattara (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.

    I would never have guessed, you were such a sweet cute litle girl.:animal-sm
    http://northwestfront.org/

    ......naturally the best man could give them the best children. Because of that these chosen Freyr priests had several wives. - Varg Vikernes

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