Gegenbaurs Morphol Jahrb. 1978;124(2):139-90.

[Goethe's morphology definition and the problem of relationship of the Cro-magnons to the primitive Germans (Carl Gegenbaur)]

By Scharf JH.

The problem of the Teutons' origin has been considered to be open up to this day though some scientists have worked on this field since 1912. Anthropologists and linguists as BRAUN, FEIST, GUNTERT, KOPPELMANN, PAUDLER and V.D. VELDEN produced many evidences in favour of the hypothesis the Teutons to be a mixture of the Old European Cro-Magnons speaking an archaic ural-altaic idiom with the Indo-Europeans immigrating into Europe from Asia.

The Kelts may have a similar origin but they might include the Berbers of ancient Iberia as a third component. The hypothesis mentioned above was able to be ignored as far as an archaic language of the postulated type was unknown in the extremely western Euro-Saharanian territory. By means of a aerohydrodynamic model a hint was received to the probable existence of such a language in western Atlas or in one of the Mauretanian oases. This is not the case. But an archaic not-Berberized language preserved until the Spanish Conquest is found on the central isles of the Canary Islands.

This language is handed down by some Spanish, Portuguese, and French chroniclers but mostly by the Italian engineer TORRIANI. His autograph found out and published by WOLFEL (1940) contains two poems (endechas), some sentences, and many separate words. Other clauses and single words are held in the manuscripts of the other writers. The oldest layer of Canary language (i.e. the Altaic stratum) passed for unintelligible until the summer of 1977.

The earliest colonization of the Canary Islands by Cro-Magnons is doubtless on the strength of many anthropological examinations. The analysis of the two endechas and of 12 clauses tolerably handed down shows an Altaic language of an early type which still consists of words and formatives surviving only in one or two of the today's Altaic daughter-languages as Turkish, Mongolian, and Tunguso-Manchu, only seldom in all of them. The conicidence of surviving both of Cro-Magnon-typical men and of the archaic Altaic language on the Canary Islands as a reservation of megalithic civilization up to the Middle Ages (XVIth century) approves the hypothesis mentioned above.