The physical type of the modern Gael in Ireland and Scotland, and of their apparent kinsmen in parts of Wales and the wets of England, is, on the whole, best accounted for, perhaps, by a cross of the Iberian with a long-faced, harsh-featured, red-haired race, who contributed the language and much of the character ...

http://www.fikas.no/~sprocket/snpa/

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The English and Frisians studied had almost identical genetic make-up but the English and Welsh were very different. The researchers concluded the most likely explanation for this was a large-scale Anglo-Saxon invasion, which devastated the Celtic population of
England, but did not reach Wales. In April last year, research for a BBC programme on the Vikings revealed strong genetic links between the Welsh and Irish Celts and the Basques of northern Spain and south France.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/2076470.stm

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The research adds to previous studies which have suggested a possible link between the Celts and Basques, dating back tens of thousands of years But it is still unclear whether the link is specific to the Celts and the Basques, or whether they are both simply the closest surviving relatives of the early population of Europe.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/1256894.stm


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The study shows the genetic pattern of the Vikings remains in some parts of the UK population. The research confirms the Norwegian Vikings did not just raid and retreat to Scandinavia, but actually settled in Britain. Of all the English test sites, only Penrith in Cumbria had clear evidence of Norwegian influence. Surprisingly, mainland Scotland had a similar Celtic input as the population of southern England, showing that not only were the English never "homogenous Anglo-Saxons", but neither were the Scots predominantly
Celtic.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1689955.stm

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Now I think some reason can be shown for suspecting the existence of some Mongoloid race in the modern population of Wales and the West of England. While Ireland is apparently its present centre, most of its lineaments are such as lead us to think of Africa as its possible birthplace; and it may be well, provisionally, to call it Africanoid, applying the name Atlantean, which has been suggested, to the widely- diffused Ibero-Berber race type, of which it is probably a subdivision, in spite of the wide difference in the form of the jaws between it and the basque type of Zaraus, the best accredited Iberian standard.

The Cornish are generally dark in hair and often in eye: they are decidedly the darkest people in England proper; they resemble the Scottish Highlanders in their warmth of colouring ... That in the absence of trustworthy evidence as to a change of colour-type in Britain, in the direction from light to dark, it is best to rest upon the undoubted fact that the gaelic and Iberian races of the west,
mostly dark-haired, are tending to swamp the blond Teutons of England by a reflux migration.

That sundry important problems respecting the Picts; the origin of themodern Gaelic type, and particularly of the prognathous element therein; the complexion of some of the "Celts" of history ... the natives of South Britain, at the time of the Roman conquest, probably
consisted mainly of several strata, unequally distributed, of Celtic-speaking people, who in race and physical type, however, partook of the tall, blond stock of Northern Europe than of the thick-set, broad-headed, dark stock which Broca has called Celtic, and which those who object to this attribution of that much-contested name may, if they like, denominate Arvernian. Some of these layers were Gaelic in speech, some Cymric; they were both superposed on a foundation principally composed of the long-headed dark races of the Mediterranean stock, possibly mingled with the fragments of still more ancient races, Mongoliform or Allophylian. This foundations layer was still very strong and coherent in Ireland and the north of Scotland, where the subsequent deposits were thinner, and in someparts, wholly or partially absent ...

The physical type of the modern Gael in Ireland and Scotland, and of their apparent kinsmen in parts of Wales and the wets of England, is, on the whole, best accounted for, perhaps, by a cross of the Iberian with a long-faced, harsh-featured, red-haired race, who contributed the language and much of the character ...

http://www.fikas.no/~sprocket/snpa/

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Kelts:

The Keltic languages are very closely related to the Italic group, of which Latin was a derivative. The question as to the linguistic identity of the previous inhabitants, the Picts, is an open one. At present, the tendency is to consider them, and the pre-Goidelic Cruithni of Ireland, as speakers of some early form of Keltic. The descriptions of the Kelts, in Britain, in France, and in other parts of
Europe, at the hands of classical authors, give us a definite picture of their pigmentation. Blondism was by no means characteristic of the Kelts as a whole. Rufosity was common, and the hair color was essentially mixed.

Caesar himself noted the contrast between the ordinary Gauls and the partly Germanic Belgae, to whom he had to turn to find real blonds for his triumph. Furthermore, the Romans noted the Keltic practice of bleaching the hair to simulate a blond ideal, as in Greece

http://www.fikas.no/~sprocket/snpa/

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The hair color of the Irish is predominantly brown; black hair accounts for less than 3 per cent of the total, while the ashen series (Fischer #20-26) amounts to but one-half of one per cent. Forty per cent have dark brown hair (Fischer #4-5); 35 per cent have medium brown (Fischer #7-9); reddish brown hues total over 5 per cent (closest to Fischer #6, #10), while clear reds (Fischer #1-3) run higher than 4 per cent. The rest, some 15 per cent, fall into a light brown to golden blond category (Fischer #11-19).

http://www.fikas.no/~sprocket/snpa/





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