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Thread: The Cromagnon Race [Paul Broca]

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    Post The Cromagnon Race [Paul Broca]

    CROMAGNON RACE is the name given by Paul Broca to a type of mankind supposed to be represented by remains found by Lartet, Christy and others, in France in the Cromagnon cave at Les Eyzies, Tayac district, Dordogne. At the foot of a steep rock near the village this small cave, nearly filled with debris, was found by workmen in 1868. Towards the top of the loose strata three human skeletons were unearthed. They were those of an old man, a young man and a woman, the latters skull bearing the mark of a severe wound.

    The skulls presented such special characteristics that Broca took them as types of a race, Palaeolithic man is exclusively long-headed, and the dolichocephalic appearance of the crania (they had a mean cephalic index of 73.34) supported the view that the find at Les Eyzies was palaeoiithic. It is, however, inaccurate to state that brachycephaly appears at once with the neolithic age, dolichocephaly even of a pronounced type persisting far into neolithic times.

    The Cromagnon race may thus be, as many anthropologists believe it, early neolithic, a type of man who spread over and inhabited a large portion of Europe at the close of the Pleistocene period. Some have sought to find in it the substratum of the present populations of western Europe. Quatrefages identifies Cromagnon man with the tall, long-headed, fair Kabyles (Berbers) who still survive in various parts of Mauritania.

    He suggests the introduction of the Cromagnon from Siberia, arriving in Europe simultaneously with the great mammals (which were driven by the cold from Siberia), and no doubt following their route.


    See A. H. Keanes Ethnology (1896); Mortillet, Le Prhistoriquc (1900); Sergi, The Mediterranean Race (1901); Lord Avebury, Prehistoric Times, p. 317 of 1900 edition.

    Source: 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica

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    So, they came form the east.Good post.



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    So the Cro-Magnon hunter gatherer inhabited Europe and then the more gracile Neolithic farmer came from the Middle East and turned the hunting ground into wheat fields. Is this right? And should we assume there were some ugly incidents between the two groups?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Mandible
    So the Cro-Magnon hunter gatherer inhabited Europe and then the more gracile Neolithic farmer came from the Middle East and turned the hunting ground into wheat fields. Is this right? And should we assume there were some ugly incidents between the two groups?

    Well, the pattern would be that of the arrival of Fertile Crescent agriculture into hunter gatherer regions. This would be the same thing as happened when Europeans arrived in North America and the Cape, so I can imagine that there were some hostile confrontations when agriculture arrived to Europe.

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