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Thread: Wandervoegel and Lebensreform: the German Roots of Hippie Culture

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    Senior Member Oskorei's Avatar
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    Wandervoegel and Lebensreform: the German Roots of Hippie Culture

    A very interesting article on the connection between the German movements of Wanderfogel, Lebensreform, Völkisch, and such in the early 1900's, and the later hippie and beat subcultures in the US.

    Full text: http://www.hippy.com/php/article-243.html

    The expression "Lebensreform" (life-reform) was first used in 1896, and comprised various German social trends of the 19th and first half of the 20th century.

    Elizabeth Dorr with some of her daughters at Ascona, 1905 (Note the headbands!) Particularly:
    1. vegetarianism
    2. nudism
    3. natural medicine
    4. abstinence from alcohol
    5. clothing reform
    6. settlement movements
    7. garden towns
    8. soil reform
    9. sexual reform
    10. health food and economic reform
    11. social reform
    12. liberation for women, children and animals
    13. communitarianism
    14. cultural and religious reform: i.e. a religion or view of the world that gives weight to the feminine, maternal and natural traits of existence












    Born July 2, 1877, at the northern edge of the Black Forest in Calw, Germany, Hermann Hesse knew at age 13 that he wanted to be a poet or nothing. Beginning in the 1950's with the Beat generation, his novels became immensely popular in the English-speaking world, where their criticism of bourgeois values and interest in Eastern spirituality and Jungian psychology echoed the emerging revolt against the unreflected life. In the 1960's Hermann became the novelist of the decade, with "Siddhartha" (1922) and "Steppenwolf" (1927) selling in the millions, and capturing and shaping an American Audience. Legitimate history will always recount Hesse as the most important link between the European counter-culture of his youth and their latter-day descendants in America. (Photo from 1908.)

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    Senior Member Moody's Avatar
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    Re: The German Roots of Hippie Culture

    Excellent article; I had always sensed that there were connections. I have always liked Fidus' artwork too, which is certainly 'psychedelic'.

    I suppose the 'Green' issue has long been a link -
    Libertarian National Socialist Green Party;
    www.nazi.org/

    But what about 'The Process Church of the Final Judgement'? This certainly links Hippiedom, New Age and Germanic National-Socialist leanings, however distorted;

    The Process Church;

    http://labyrinth13.com/Process.htm

    Factoids;
    http://www.religioustolerance.org/process.htm

    http://religiousmovements.lib.virgin...s/Process.html
    Articles;
    http://www.feastofhateandfear.com/dossier/process.html

    Article by Process Leader DeGrimston;

    http://www.abrupt.org/LOGOS/sow/sowtit.html


    Robert DeGrimston
    Why are there beings at all, & why not rather nothing?
    [Leibniz/Heidegger]

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    Re: The German Roots of Hippie Culture

    I know also that an American-Italian ,Tomasi i believed that is his name,adopt the look of hippies!But i don't know enough about him!
    ME NE FREGO

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    Senior Member Oskorei's Avatar
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    Sv: Re: The German Roots of Hippie Culture

    Tomassi was a leader of the NSLF, National Socialist Liberation Front. He apparently borrowed some symbolism from the hippies and 68-ers.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Tommasi
    http://www.stormfront.org/archive/t-108733

    Another person who comes to mind as a latter "nazi-hippie" would be Charles Manson.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Oskorei View Post
    A very interesting article on the connection between the German movements of Wanderfogel, Lebensreform, Völkisch, and such in the early 1900's, and the later hippie and beat subcultures in the US.

    Full text: http://www.hippy.com/php/article-243.html
    The above link doesn't work anymore...

    I was looking for information about Lebensreform, and I think the Wikipedia information can be a good start (if looking further at the sources mentioned there):


    Lebensreform ("life reform") was a social movement in late 19th-century and early 20th-century Germany and Switzerland that propagated a back-to-nature lifestyle, emphasizing among others health food/raw food/organic food, nudism, sexual liberation, alternative medicine, and religious reform and at the same time abstention from alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and vaccines.

    [...]

    One noticeable legacy of Lebensreform in Germany today are the Reformhaus ("reform house") retail stores that sell naturopathic medicine and organic food.

    [...]

    The Lebensreform movement in Germany originally was a politically diverse movement. There were hundreds of groups across Germany dedicated to some or all of the concepts associated with Lebensreform: ecology and organic farming, vegetarianism,
    naturism (freie Körperkultur or FKK), and abstinence from alcohol and tobacco. Dozens of magazines, books, and pamphlets were published on these topics. Some groups were made of socialists, some were apolitical, and some were rightwing and nationalist in outlook.
    Well, I guess if I was living in those times, I would fit very well in this movement.

    Some other interesting highlights:

    Contemporary environmental movements, the organic food movement, many fad diets and "back to nature" movements, as well as "folk movements", have their roots in the Lebensreform movement's emphasis on the goodness of nature, the harms to society, people, and to nature caused by industrialization, the importance of the whole person, body and mind, and the goodness of "the old ways".

    Another stream based on völkisch Romanticism gradually became part of Nazi ideology by the 1930s, known as blood and soil.
    Read the whole Wikipedia article here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebensreform


    Does anyone have more information about Lebensreform? Or can anyone find better sources? Thank you in advance!
    Die Farben duften frisch und grün... Lieblich haucht der Wind um mich.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Víđálfr View Post
    Does anyone have more information about Lebensreform? Or can anyone find better sources? Thank you in advance!
    Do you mean, something like this?



    Or some work of Hans Surén


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