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Thread: European Nordish Regions: Kociewie (Poland)

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    Lightbulb European Nordish Regions: Kociewie (Poland)

    The region of Kociewie constitutes the east part of Pomorze Lake District and is situated in the basin of two rivers flowing into the Vistula River; these are the Wierzyca River and the Wda River, called also the Black Water. The east border of the area of Kociewie constitutes the one-hundred-kilometre long part of the Vistula River, from the town of Świecie to the village of Koźliny (north of Tczew). At the north and the west, the borderline follows roughly the line of the villages: Pszczółki - Trąbki Wielkie - Nowy Wiec - Wysin - Nowe Polaszki - Bartoszylas - Konarzyna - Czarna Woda - Szlachta - Linówek; at the south it is more or less the line of: Łążek - Drzycim - Gruczno (south from Świecie).

    The name of Kociewie was probably in use as long ago as late middle ages, though in a written text it appears for the first time much later in the year 1807. The word "Gociewie" was used then which, in the opinion of the historians, suggest its origin from the Goths, present once here. Other hypothesis is that the source of the name is the old-polish word "kociwie", which meant as much as "godforsaken land". Kociewie encompasses the area of roughly 3,000 sq. km, 80% of which is situated in the Pomorskie province, while the remainder in the northern part of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province. The capitol of Kociewie is the town of Starogard Gdański. If to believe the researchers, who claim that the ethnic group of Kociewiacy (the people of Kociewie) appeared in the 12th century due to blending of the local people of Pomorze with the influx settlers from the areas of Chełm and Kujawy, one could risk the statement, that Kociewie is about 800 years old.


    The main part of Kociewie belongs to the Pomorskie province. The rest belongs to the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province, and so it will probably remain, as the business and social interests are stronger than cultural issues shame, as in the once-proposed bigger province of Pomorze Nadwiślańskie we would have been one again, as we were 800 years ago, at the time of the reign of prince Grzymisław, who ruled, inter alia, the areas of Starogard, Świecie, and Lubiszyn (near Tczew). The cultural life of Kociewie was concentrated around the three main centres: Tczew at the north, Starogard as the capitol of the area, and Świecie at the south, even though the 800-hundred-years old Skarszewya and the charmingly situated Nowe also found their places in the history of the region. For the last few years, the knight's town of Gniew and the village of Czarna Woda are becoming more known. When it comes to the town of Pelplin well, everybody knows about its magnificent cathedral, and about the Diocese Museum, which encompasses, among other things, the only one in Poland specimen of the Bible of Guttenberg.

    Once we invoke also the town of Skórcz we will realise how urbanised is the region, from which the Virgin Mary of Piaseczno watches over the entire Pomorze. We find comfort in the image of Virgin Mary of Lubiszyn, the legendary picture of the Virgin Mary of Lubiszyn also tights us to Gdansk just like the Vistula, which has its museum in Tczew.

    The charm of the region's landscape varied relief (Starogardzkie Lake District, Świecka Plain, also Góry Diabelskie Devil Hills), fine lakes and forests (part of Bory Tucholskie The Tuchola Forests) evoked the decision to establish two landscape preservation parks: the Wda Landscape Park and the Vistula Landscape Park.

    Kociewiacy a mixed ethnic group, which used to be divided into three sub-groups (Górale, Polusowie, Lasacy), inhabits this beautiful land. In the past centuries Feteracy and Olendrzy living in the Vistula Valley were the ethnically alien element.

    There is a dispute among the historians, which concerns (simplifying) the subject, whether there was an ancient settlement of Kujawy and Pomorze in Kociewie, or if the influence of central Poland came only later to the area belonging strictly to Pomorze. Some names of settlements (e.g. Starogard, Warlubie, Wiąg), being a kind of linguistic fossil, tied Kociewie to the region of Kaszuby (it's worth to look at the dictionaries of Kaszuby and Kociewie by B. Sychta). The relatively simple dialect in turn, which resembles general Polish, is the main reason of the expansion of the Kociewie dialect onto southern Kaszuby, Bory Tucholskie, and the area of Malbork.

    According to the saying "the language is the man", the borders of Kociewie are drawn by its tongue, which was spotted early by the founder of Polish dialectology, Kazimierz Nitsch. He arrived at the beginning of the 20th century to Kociewie and found it surprising, how simple is the tongue along the Vistula. He divided the area mainly due to the pronunciation of nasal vowels into Kociewie: northern, middle, and southern, at the same time considering the Proper Kociewie as the area between Pelplin and Nowe. In many studies we can find the opposition the proper Kociewie, plus its extension at the large part of the area of Świecie. The Kociewie dialect, its culture and history deserve separate articles in the periodical of "Pomerania", which portrays the details of the Pomorze puzzle. The Land of Kociewie Association has been watching for years not to let the local culture weaken or disappear. The Kociewian branches of Zrzeszenie Kaszubsko-Pomorskie (Kaszuby & Pomorze Association) appeared during the last decade - from Bukowiec Pomorski, through Świecie, Piaseczno, Pelplin until Zblewo etc. Kociewiacy themselves should learn Kociewie some interesting ideas in this area are being brought into life by Kociewskie Towarzystwo Oświatowe (Kociewian Educational Society), which emerged in Tczew and seems likely to have its field branches soon, as one is never too old to learn…

    Kociewie: 40-45% pure blonds and blue eyes, 7,5-9,9% brunets minority

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    Post European Nordish Regions – Tallin/Estonia

    European Nordish Regions – Tallin/Estonia

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    Post European Nordish Regions – Villnius/Lithuania

    European Nordish Regions – Villnius/Lithuania

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    Post European Nordish Regions – Moscov-Obninsk/Russia

    European Nordish Regions – Moscov-Obninsk/Russia

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