Excerpted and translated from: Eastern Slavs: Anthropology and Ethnic History, 2 ed M: Scientific World 2002, Chapter II, "Modern Eastern Slavonic Peoples" by V. Ye. Deryabin, p. 31 par. 3 - p 32 par. 3.

My comments in square brackets (my translation)

More complete [anthropometric] data on Russians was gathered by the Russian Anthropological Expedition. This expedition was organized by the Ethnographic Institute of the Academy of Sciences and lasted 5 years, from 1955 to 1959. V. V. Bunak (1965, 1965a, 19656), the premier domestic Soviet anthropologist led the expedition. The expedition studied more than 100 groups of Russians, living on the territory of Russia where in the Russian people formed, from the 14th to the 17th century.

What place do the Russians occupy among the racial variants of Europe? Until the Russian Anthropological Expedition, anthropologists, especially foreign anthropologists held widely divergent viewpoints on the subject. Thus, some believed that Russians have predominantly blonde hair and eye pigmentation-others thought the opposite. Some voiced the opinion that beard growth was heavily developed among Russians, but the opposite was claimed as well. It was also sometimes supposed that Russians possessed a high incidence of concave nasal bridges.

To answer these questions, V. V. [Viktor Valerianovich] Bunak collected anthropological literature on several dozen European population groups and extrapolated the minimums, maximums and means of various anthropometric indices used by physical anthropologists, in these populations. However, when the relevant data was obtained for Russians, it became obvious that their standard deviation for these indices is approximately two times narrower than that of the European population as a whole. In other words, Russians were found to be of rather homogenous physical composition, regardless of the fact that the territory they occupy is immense.

When various anthropometric indices of the Russians are compared to those of the populations of Europe, Russians occupy a central position. This is evidenced in the body length, the dimensions and form of the head, the height and length of the face and their respective indices. In other words, based on many anthropometric traits, Russians are "the most typical Europeans."

However, some Russian anthropometric traits were markedly deviant from the European mean. For example, the noses of the Russians, are larger, both in terms of height [this is important because low-bridged, low-rooted noses are characteristic of Mongoloids] and width. This is also true for lip thickness. In eye and hair pigmentation, Russians as a whole are considerably lighter than the Central European mean. Thus, pure light eyes (grey, gray-blue, blue and light blue) are found in 45% of all Russians, whereas the mean for other areas of Europe is only 35%. Dark eyes (hazel and brown) occur in 5% of all Russians, as opposed to 45% of all Europeans. On average, Russians have 14% of dark hair, whereas Europeans have 45%. Beard growth is less developed in Russians than in the average European. However, these distinctions in facial hair growth markedly decrease, and perhaps even disappear with age; it is possible that the growth of facial hair increases with age in Russians. The view that Russians are "beaky nosed" was not confirmed. Far more common (75%) are straight-profiled noses. In fact, straight-profiled noses are somewhat more common among Russians (75%) than they are among Europeans as a whole (70%) . Concave bridged noses are as infrequent among Russians (9%) as they are among Central and Western Europeans (10%). There is data showing that among some groups of Pomeranian Germans, for example, concave noses are far more common than among Russians.

We know now that during the Mesolithic and Neolithic, a small, but noticeably Mongoloid element intruded from Asia into the Forest Zone of Eastern Europe, We also know that the various nomadic steppe populations that overran various areas of what is now Russia, often had considerable Mongoloid admixture. Has this affected the main anthropological composition of the Russian people?

One of the characteristic traits of the Mongoloid race in Eurasia is the epicanthus [internal eyefold]. Among various Mongoloid populations of Eurasia, this feature occurs in 70%-to -95% of all cases. In a sample of more than 8500 Russian men, the epicanthus was observed in only twelve instances [0.14%; in contrast Lapps have a 2% incidence of the epicanthic eyefold-roughly 14 times more than Russians, and Karelians have a ~0.5% incidence of epicanthus, roughly ~4 times more than Russians] , and only in a weak form. It should be noted that 9 of those instances were observed in ethnic Russians of the Northeastern Zone [these people are mostly descended from Russianized Ugro-Finns with a Slavic component and are Sub-uralolappinoid by race. It is reasonable to assume that among these Russians alone the incidence of the epicanthus is similar in frequency to that of the Karelians], of the Vyatka and Kama river basins. Thus, in the vast majority of of Russians, the epicanthus is found extremely infrequently . It should also be noted that the epicanthus is sporadically found in Central Europe, for example among Germans (Cheboksarov, 1941a).

Thus the racial composition of the Russians is that of typical Europids, in most traits occupying a Central position among the peoples of Europe and being distinguished by considerably lighter hair and eye pigmentation, as well as weaker facial hair growth and higher nasal measurments.
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