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Thread: The Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem (and Modern English Translation)

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    A Brief Introduction to the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc

    A thread, not by me, but not likely by the person who posted it either, from Odinist.com. I believe this could be out of Wikipedia?


    The Frisian Futhorc
    Like it's precursor the Elder Futhark, the origins of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc are somewhat murky. Sometime in the 5th century AD, language shifts in Frisia had rendered the 24-stave Elder Futhark insufficient, so a 25th stave, Ac, was added The 4th stave of the Elder Futhark, Ansuz, became known as Aesc and was moved to 26th place, with another new stave, Os, filling it’s vacant position. This stage of the transformation was completed with the inclusion of a 27th stave, Yr. This is known as the Frisian Futhorc, which was brought to Britain by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians who began to invade Britain in 449 AD. Early evidence suggests the initial presence of the Elder Futhark, and it is difficult to determine if an object was inscribed in England or inscribed in Frisia and brought there with the settlement. The oldest English Runic inscription found thus far appears to be in the Elder Futhark, but only because the Hagall stave has one crossbar instead of two. The earliest definite example of the Frisian Futhorc is 5th or 6th century AD.

    The Anglo-Saxon Futhorc
    Towards the end of the 7th century, a 28th stave was added, known as Ear. This is the Anglo-Saxon or Anglo-Frisian Futhorc, of which the Thames Scramaseax is our only example of an inscription:



    The Anglo-Saxon Futhorc is also recorded in the 9th Century Vienna Codex and Old English Rune Poem. Some instability is still apparent, as the three sources do not agree on the exact sequence. The OERP also describes another new stave, Ior, in 28th place.

    The Northumbrian Futhorc
    In the Anglian kingdom of Northumbria, the 29-stave Futhorc was extended again to include four additional staves: Queorth, Calc, Stan and Gar, bringing the total to 33. Some commentators have suggested Keltic Christianity influenced these final additions, particularly that the cup is the Holy Grail of Arthurian myth.

    Literal meanings of the additional Anglo-Saxon rune staves are as follows:

    04: Os = As (singular of Aesir, also mouth/speech)
    25: Ac = Oak
    26: Aesc = Ash
    27: Yr = Yew bow
    28: Ior = Iormundgar (the Midgard Serpent)
    29: Ear = Burial Mound
    30: Queorth = Ritual fire
    31: Calc = Cup
    32: Stan = Stone
    33: Gar = Spear

    Source
    -In kalte Schatten versunken... /Germaniens Volk erstarrt / Gefroren von Lügen / In denen die Welt verharrt-
    -Die alte Seele trauernd und verlassen / Verblassend in einer erklärbaren Welt / Schwebend in einem Dunst der Wehmut / Ein Schrei der nur unmerklich gellt-
    -Auch ich verspüre Demut / Vor dem alten Geiste der Ahnen / Wird es mir vergönnt sein / Gen Walhalla aufzufahren?-

    (Heimdalls Wacht, In kalte Schatten versunken, stanzas 4-6)

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    Last three runes of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc

    Hail!
    The last three runes of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc are interesting;


    Calc;


    Stan;


    Gar;



    As they can be interpreted as Cup [Calc], Stone [Stan] & Spear [Gar] and so relate to the Grail mythos.
    Last edited by Moody; Monday, July 17th, 2006 at 02:32 PM.
    Why are there beings at all, & why not rather nothing?
    [Leibniz/Heidegger]

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    Re: The Anglo-Saxon 33-Rune Futhark

    There is a very good website on the Anglo-Saxon runes at: http://www.ealdriht.org/modules/runes/

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    Re: Last three runes of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc

    Quote Originally Posted by Moody Lawless View Post
    Hail!
    The last three runes of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc are interesting;

    As they can be interpreted as Cup [Calc], Stone [Stan] & Spear [Gar] and so relate to the Grail mythos.
    More interpretations on the fourth aett can be found on the Woden's Folk site under Rune-Lore.

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    Anglia saxon Runes

    I think people need to look more at the Anglo Saxon Runes, as most people seem to think that there is only the Elder Futhark..

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