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Thread: The Rössen Complex in Sachsen

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    Post The Rössen Complex in Sachsen


    Coined after its eponymous site near Leipzig in the Saale region, the
    Rössen complex appears about 5400BC till 4600BC from Sachsen in Central Germany and farther south and crossing the North European Plain from the North Sea to Bohemia and bifurcating underway to the Parisian Basin as the successor to the Danubian Linear Pottery complex (LBK), sharing with the latter several analogies, merging its Spiral Ceramic phase with a Nordic Megalithic imprint, originating from Northwest Germany and entering the Danubian-influenced territory via the Harz area; the warrior-orientated social order and rivalry in more and less equal way of subsistence by the Nordic Magalithics proved damaging to the Danubians, which soon were superseded by and absorbed into the new arrivals.
    The Rössen folk lived in houses derived from LBK long-houses of trapezoidal form, reaching fifty meters in lenght, gathered in villages fortified with a stockade. Marshes, meadows and river dales in NW Germany were sought after for settlements in contrast to the preference for loess soils by LBK.

    The lithic material reveal a minimalistic approachment to LBK,
    discarted mainly for the Megalithic style with the predominance of
    the <> which surface was carpeted with a splendour of decorations. Wares were usually with bulging bellies with smoothed necks ; on a black surface chevrons were incised, which got filled with a white matter.

    The dead were buried in a protracted position on their right side
    with arms and legs put tight against the body. Racially, the Rössen people seemed overall to belong to the Nordic race.

    Gustav Kossinna in his Ursprung und Verbreitung der Germanen in vor
    – und frühgeschichtlicher Zeit
    (Leipzig,1936) divides the 31
    skulls in four groups:

    1. Steep forehead, conifrom backhead: a majority of 18 individuals.
    2. Steep forehead, rounded backhead
    3. Receding forehead, coniform backhead
    4. Protuberant climb of the forehead, rounded backhead

    Undiscriminantly all individuals deviate from the Nordic norm in their subnasal prognathism. The forehead is broad and flattish which curves angularly sideways, the skull itself proves to be narrow with hardly any bosses, and while the Nordic skull broadens midway, in Rössen it occurs in the last third ofthe skull.
    The orbits are high and square, but in the third group they're rather in a considerable slanting position. In face height and nasal dimensions have a the Nordic character. The first group shows no developed superciliary arches, in the second they're almost effaced.
    The last group resembles the megalithic Nordics of Ostdorf(see beneath)The head is medium high or high, hinting probably on Danubian admixture.


    This type constitutes a slight deviation to the generalized Nordic
    race and was found in the "Flachgräber" of its eponymous station
    near Schwerin in Mecklenburg(NE Germany).

    In norma verticalis or seen from above the skulls are of the"Schildform" type with a round forehead and curved backhead with hardly any extentions of the sidewalls.

    The face is medium long, but some were quite low, showing some
    subnasal protrusion and rather steep foreheads, partly arching with strong browridges.

    Dolichoid with a mean of CI 74, the cranial height situates in the
    chaema-orthocephalic range with a LHI 71.
    Last edited by Frans_Jozef; Monday, April 3rd, 2006 at 02:19 PM.

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