This thread shall be dedicated to recent informations about demographics:
fertility, mortality and demographic-related aspects of social structures.

Thereby, I lay the focus on the total fertility rate (TFR) which is the
keystone number of demography and, I´d argue, the single most important
measurement of mankind.

@Mods
Given the fundamental importance of this topic I would ask you to make this thread "Sticky".
________________________________________

For a first glance:

UN country profiles (1,3 MB):
http://www.un.org/esa/population/pub...y_Profiles.pdf
http://www.prb.org/pdf04/04WorldDataSheet_Eng.pdf

Unesco:
http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/antiguabarbuda.html
(Don´t ask me why they´re publishing other numbers than their mother organization.)

CIA world fact book (Bucen-IDB):
http://www.indexmundi.com/g/
http://www.nationmaster.com/graph-T/peo_tot_fer_rat#

U.S. Agency for International Development Demographic country profiles
http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global...ome/Countries/

further country statistics:
http://ideas.ipas.org/cgi-bin/ideas....nited%20States

(This sources fail to differentiate between actual estimates and extrapolation of 10-year-old numbers, so in some cases they are are highly inaccurate.)
________________________________________

Reliable-looking demographic surveys:
http://www.measuredhs.com/
http://www.measuredhs.com/countries/start.cfm
________________________________________

articles:
Four Surprises in Global Demography
http://www.aei.org/news/newsID.21076...ews_detail.asp
Abortion does not significantly impact Total Fertility Rate
http://www.gnxp.com/MT2/archives/002685.html
Executive Summary: Fertility Decline in Muslim Countries
http://www.prcdc.org/summaries/musli...fertility.html
________________________________________

Journal of population research:
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0PCG
(Many interesting articles about historic and actual population matters with
emphase on Asia. Very recommendable.)

some single articles:
Fertility control in the classical world: was there an ancient fertility transition?
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articl...21/ai_n6155262
Was there a Neolithic mortality crisis?
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articl...0/ai_111014981
Shortage of girls in China today
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articl...21/ai_n6155263
Fertility decline in Asia: trends, implications and futures
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articl...0/ai_105659428
The end of population growth in Asia
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articl...0/ai_105659436
________________________________________

Online resource about family planning:
http://www.infoforhealth.org/

You may have a closer look at the report:
The Reproductive Revolution Continues
http://www.infoforhealth.org/pr/m17/index.shtml
________________________________________

Human developement reports (TFR and HDI are closely linked to each other)
http://hdr.undp.org/statistics/
________________________________________

US:
NCHS data updates
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/04news/04news.htm
TFR by race (see page 15-19)
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr52/nvsr52_17.pdf

Mexican government statistics is claiming that the TFR is reaching replacement level (page 4f):
http://www.csis.org/gai/041029_presentation.pdf

As for Germany I´ve started a special thread:
http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=28781

Africa:
Fertility Transition in Urban and Rural Areas of Sub-Saharan Africa
http://econ.la.psu.edu/~dshapiro/Cha...elet_paper.pdf