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Thread: The long, harsh Fimbul winter is not a myth

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    The long, harsh Fimbul winter is not a myth

    Half of Norway and Sweden’s population may have died. Researchers now know more and more about the catastrophic year of 536.



    The Fenris wolf swallows the sun. The climate disaster that began the year 536 was surely the most dramatic cooling of the Earth that humans, animals and plants have experienced in the last two thousand years. It was likely due to two large volcanic explosions, which every few years sent huge amounts of fine dust high into the atmosphere. There was dust for several years. The sun disappeared. This became another story in the imagination and myths of men.
    The Fenris wolf swallows the sun. The climate disaster that began the year 536 was surely the most dramatic cooling of the Earth that humans, animals and plants have experienced in the last two thousand years. It was likely due to two large volcanic explosions, which every few years sent huge amounts of fine dust high into the atmosphere. There was dust for several years. The sun disappeared. This became another story in the imagination and myths of men. (Drawing: Louis Moe)


    ScienceNorway

    "First came the Fimbul winter that lasted three years. This was a warning of the coming of Ragnarok, when everything living on Earth came to an end. "

    This is how the story of the long harsh winter, called the Fimbul winter in Norwegian, begins, both in Norse mythology and in the Finnish national work of epic poetry, the Kalevala.

    But why are stories that warn of a frozen end-time found in Nordic mythologies?

    In recent years, researchers in Norway and Sweden have found increasingly clear evidence of a disaster that struck the planet 1500 years ago.

    The disaster must have hit Norwegians and Swedes extremely hard — as hard as the Black Death. The same may have happened in the Baltics, Poland and northern Germany.

    The moss scientist’s theory

    In 1910, the Swedish geographer and reseacher of moss Rutger Sernander first launched the theory that the Fimbul winter may have been a real event in the Nordic countries. His hypothesis was that this was due to a climate disaster between 2000 and 2500 years ago.

    For a few years, people listened to Sernander and his ideas. Then came the doubt, because archaeologists couldn’t find traces of such an ancient disaster.

    We now know however, that a climate disaster struck the world — and especially the Nordic countries — just 1500 years ago.

    And we know that it may have been followed by another disaster. Which might have been just as big.

    NASA and a Swedish archaeologist

    The new hunt for the Fimbul winter began with the US space agency NASA, in 1983.

    At this time, two NASA scientists, Richard Stothers and Michael Rampino, published a scientific overview of known volcanic eruptions back in time. Much of their work was based on ice cores taken from ancient inland glacier ice on Greenland.

    Archaeologists read the article. They understood that something very dramatic may have happened in the year 536.

    Central to the new hunt for the Fimbul winter was Bo Gräslund, now a retired professor of archaeology at Uppsala University in Sweden.

    Gräslund was first to suggest that the Fimbul winter was a real event, and that it took place in the years after 536. He also pointed out that the 13th century Icelandic historian Snorre in his book Edda was not only concerned that it was very cold and the winters were snowy — Snorre was also concerned because there were no summers for several years in a row.

    Several years with no summer

    The Fimbul winter then, meant several years in succession without a summer — which would have consequences about which we can only speculate for people who lived in the far north 1500 years ago.

    Gräslund was also the first to estimate that the population of Sweden was halved in the 500s.
    Annonse

    In the early years, many did not believe Gräslund's hypothesis.

    In 2007 he publishes the article “Fimbulvintern, Ragnarök och klimatkrisen år 536–537 e. Kr.” (Fimbulvintern, Ragnarök and the climate crisis in the year 536–537 AD) in the Swedish journal Saga och sed.

    After that, researchers began their hunt for the Fimbul winter in earnest.



    Natural scientists and archaeologists make discoveries

    In recent years, many discoveries have been made that clearly suggest that Bo Gräslund is right.

    In Norway, pollen has been found deep in several bogs, evidence of a dramatic event that clearly changed the cultural landscape for a long time afterwards.

    Tree rings from old trees provide another important clue.

    Now that archaeologists know what to look for, these scientists are also finding more and more clues in their material. Today, archaeologists see that something dramatic happened to the farmsteads in Norway and Sweden 1500 years ago.

    People moved. Or they disappeared. There are almost no grave finds from this period. Fine jewellery was no longer made. Beautiful pottery traditions in western Norway ceased.

    Life seems miserable.

    Also, more gold was sacrificed to the gods.
    People left the mountains

    Per Sjögren works as a paleoecologist at the Tromsø University Museum. He specializes in looking for clues about life from the past.

    It was during his work on a major research project that examined changes in the Norwegian mountain cultural landscape that Sjögren and colleagues came on the trail of the Fimbul winter in Norway.

    In pollen samples taken from boggy soil in the mountains, they saw clear traces of a dramatic climate event 1500 years ago.

    “We found the first traces of the Fimbul winter in northern Norway. Eventually we found the same thing in southern Norway,” Sjögren says.

    “We see that the landscape has grown back. That people and animals must have left the cultural landscapes they had used in the mountains,” he says.
    Who left Storesætra in Stryn?

    Kari Loe Hjelle is professor of natural history at the University of Bergen. She is interested in what pollen and other evidence from the past can tell us about people's lives — at a time when there are no written sources about life in Norway.

    Hjelle describes a diagram that was created by paleoecologists when they examined the amounts of grass and tree pollen deep in the soil at Storesætra in Stryn. This was a sæter, or summer farm, just below Jostedalsbreen, in an area that people have used since the Stone Age.

    The diagram clearly shows how people used this landscape between year 0 and year 500. The pollen record shows lots of grass and smaller trees.

    Then something happens in the 500s. Grass pollen decreases dramatically. The trees were coming back.

    Coal dust is another indication that people are using a landscape. This also disappears from Storesætra in Stryn in the 500s.

    ScienceNorway

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    Good read! And yesterday was midwinter.

    "Make strong old dreams lest our world lose heart." -Ezra Pound



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    CHILLING 1200-YEAR-OLD VIKING STONE WARNS OF FUTURE LITTLE ICE AGES
    JANUARY 18, 2020 CAP ALLON
    A secret code unsolved for 1200 years has finally been cracked — the mysterious inscription on famed Viking relic the Rök stone (or Rökstenen) reveals the warrior nation feared the return of the deadly ‘Late Antique Little Ice Age’ which wiped out more than HALF of Scandinavia — the stone speaks of an enduring battle against extreme cold weather in the sixth century.

    According to a study led by Per Holmberg, a professor of Swedish language at the University of Gothenburg, the text is telling a tale of light and darkness, warmth and cold, and it expresses a deep fear of a coming climate disaster.

    “The main theme is apparently the Sun, or the rhythm of light”, Holmberg explained.

    Of the nine riddles contained on the stone, five of them have the answer “the Sun.”



    Experts have long been stumped by the writing on the 8.5ft tall stone, with most theories claiming it is a dedication to the legendary Ostrogoth king, Theodore the Great but now it is thought it alludes to fears of a repeat of the deadly Late Antique Little Ice Age.

    According to new archaeological research, roughly 300 years before Rökstenen was erected, the world was struck by a climate catastrophe which saw global average temperatures plunge significantly. Scandinavia was one of the regions worst impacted by this shift, with crop failure, starvation, and mass death ripping through Northern Europe–more than 50% of the population was lost, along with many species.

    Furthermore, a string of violent volcanic eruptions darkened the skies with ash at this time, adding to the cooling, and further amplifying the crop failure, famine, and wars.


    The stone was erected in the late 800s near the lake Vattern in south central Sweden and makes mention to the Norse hero Theodoric
    The stone was erected in the late 800s near the lake Vattern in south central Sweden.

    “Before the Rök stone was erected, several ominous events occurred,” explained Bo Gräslund, a professor of archeology at Uppsala University. “A strong solar storm painted the sky in dramatic red colors, the harvests were hit by an extremely cold summer, and later a solar eclipse occurred just after the sunrise. It could have been enough of one of these events to trigger concerns about a new Fimbulwinter.”


    Image result for rökstenen cold
    This diagram of the runestone shows the individual elements of the encrypted text.


    Why the runes were so deeply encrypted is anyone’s guess.

    Perhaps whoever had the Rökstenen engraved didn’t want just anyone to read it.

    It was a message of terror, after all.

    It was a reminder of a cataclysmic past.

    It was a warning of the terrible power of the Sun.

    Per Holmberg and his team claim to have uncovered an ominous prophecy. The stone speaks of a “battle enduring for centuries,” but not a fight with man, but one with nature. For a full read of the researchers’ recently published study, click here.

    https://electroverse.net/chilling-12...ittle-ice-age/

    We at Electroverse are also forewarning of the terrible power of the Sun, and that these prophesied cold times are returning in earnest, in line with the historically low solar activity currently being experienced.

    Even NASA agrees, in part at least, with their recent forecast revealing this next solar cycle (25) will be “the weakest of the past 200 years,” with the agency correlating previous solar shutdowns to prolonged periods of global cooling here.


    http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/...FULLTEXT01.pdf

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