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Thread: Solingen

  1. #1


    Solingen the city of Swords



    was first mentioned in the year 1067, and for centuries it was a tiny Rhineland village. From 1347 to 1352, the plague devastated the population. Engelbert II, Archbishop of Cologne, who was eventually assassinated, had many enemies and built a castle in Solingen which was used until 1386 as a residence by the Counts of Berg who had been elevated to Dukedom. Solingen became a city in the early 15th century with city rights granted by the Dukes of Jülich.

    In the year of 1600, Solingen consisted of 188 houses with about 1200 inhabitants and it was already famous for its sword-blades. The 30 Years War put an end to Solingen's prominence and it was 100 years before it fully recovered. The old castle was put back into temporary use as a fortress for a while during the 30 Years War and not conquered by the invading Swedes. Afterwards, it was basically levelled. In the latter part of the 17th century, a group of disgruntled Lutheran swordsmiths from Solingen broke their guild oaths and took their sword-making skills and formulas with them to Shotley Bridge, then a remote village in England, where they set up shop. Shotley had rich iron deposits in the area and, because of the fast flowing waters of the River Derwent, was ideal for tempering swords. The little English town therefore became the heart of Britain's swordmaking industry.

    Solingen passed to Prussia in 1815.

    On November 4, 1944, 174 both American and British bombers dumped 4,921 tons of high explosives bombs and mines and 138 tons of incendiary bombs on it, igniting 900 fires. Although it destroyed the hospital and broke the water, electric and telephone lines, no historical buildings were yet hit. The second attack took place, the following day when there was no capacity to fight fires or save the town. In a 26 minute raid, 165 British bombers dropped 783 tons of high explosives bombs and 150 tons of incendiary bombs on Solingen, this time destroying the densely populated, ancient town center. 1,200 fires raged and the town was in rubble. 1,609 homes were totally destroyed, and 20,000 persons became shelterless. On November 5th, the English broadcast stated: “It is announced that Solingen, which is the heart of the German steel goods industry, is a dead city.” Also dead were 1,040 civilian.

    Siegen, Soest, Solingen, Staubling, Stettin, Stralsund, Stuttgart

    Bombing Hell Of German Cities - Exulanten

    26 III 2020.

    SOLINGEN, Germany – The City of Blades

    Solingen was first mentioned in 1067 by a chronicler who called the area "Solonchon". Early variations of the name included "Solengen", "Solungen", and "Soleggen", although the modern name seems to have been in use since the late 14th and early 15th centuries.

    Blacksmith smelters, dating back to over 2000 years, have been found around the town adding to Solingen's fame as a Northern Europe blacksmith center. Swords from Solingen have turned up in places such as the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the British Isles. Northern Europe prized the quality of Solingen's manufactured weaponry, and they were traded across the European continent. Solingen today remains the knife-center of Germany.

    It was a tiny village for centuries, but became a fortified town in the 15th century.

    In Medieval times, the swordsmiths of Solingen coined the town's image, which is preserved to this date. In the latter part of the 17th century, a group of swordsmiths from Solingen broke their guild oaths by taking their sword-making secrets with them to Shotley Bridge, County Durham in England.

    SOLINGEN, Germany – The City of Blades

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  3. #2
    Senior Member
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    Emmingen, Baden-Württemburg
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    Böker makes awesome knives from steel produced in Solingen.

    American by birth, made of parts from Emmingen, Baden-Württemberg.

    Der Familie Rentz seit 1535 - Meine Ehre heißt Treue

    Das Leben ist zu kurz, um billiges Bier zu trinken!

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    I use one of these practically every day:

    In fact, they are the only knives I ever use, except for the table knives I use to spread butter and such.
    Most people think as they are trained to think, and most people make a majority.

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  7. #4

    Carl Eickhorn one of the many Solingen Manufacturers - Carl Eickhorn was arguably the largest edged weapon and fine steel manufacturer based in Solingen from 1900-1945. Paul Casberg, who worked for Eickhorn was tasked with designing many of the German dagger patterns carried throughout WWII. Eickhorn was established in 1865 and quickly built a reputation for producing very high quality products, the firm advertised their wares by stamping or etching the firms squirrel trademark onto the blades. This page shows many of the trademark variations which can be found on various edged weapons and German daggers produced between 1930-1945.
    Please note that variations not shown on this page will exist and a few of the dates are educated guesses based on dagger configuration, so although these examples can be used as a guide, they cannot be relied upon to determine German dagger authenticity.
    Paul Casberg pictured in his studio in 1943. Casberg was a renowned artist and graphic designer based in Berlin and was contracted by Eickhorn to submit new patterns or designs for edged weapons and German daggers, swords, and related regalia produced throughout the Third Reich era. He was also instrumental in the design of many graphic blueprints used in advertising and catalogue illustrations. Moritz Ruhl publication dating from 1916 and featuring large graphics plates created by Casberg. Although this is not the same drawing that Casberg is working on to the left, you can certainly see the similarity of the style and the quality of the finished product. Today, Paul Casberg's creativity and Art Nouveau styling is a large contributor for the desirability and fascination for German dagger and militaria collectors Worldwide.
    German Army Dagger - 1935-1942
    1935 1935-1941 1936 1942
    German SA Dagger - 1933-1942
    1933-1935 1933-1935 1933-1935 1933-1935 1936-1939 1936-1942
    German SS Dagger - 1933-1942
    1933-1935 1933-1935 1933-1935 1933-1935 1936 1937-1938 1938 1936-1939
    1939 1936-1942
    German KS98 Dress Bayonet - 1906-1942
    1906-1921 1921-? 1930-1933 1933-1935 1933-1935 1935-1941 1942
    German Hitler Youth Knife - 1931-1942
    1931-1932 1933-1935 1936 1936-1941 1942

    " Which would your men rather be, tired or dead " Erwin Rommel. - Carl Eickhorn Maker Marks - Carl Eickhorn was arguably the largest edged weapon and fine steel manufacturer based in Solingen from 1900-1945. Paul Casberg, who worked for Eickhorn was tasked with designing many of the German dagger patterns carried throughout WWII.

    27 III 2020.

    Eickhorn "Field Marshall" Swords Identification Guide
    During the mid to late 1930's, the Carl Eickhorn firm produced a series of swords named for famous men in German history. Collectors refer to this group as the "Field Marshall" series even through only 4 of the 9 actually held that rank. Original design drawings produced by Paul Casberg exist for most of the swords.

    I have 2 of these sabres: a WW1 Carl Eickhorn and
    a later WW2 acid etched inscribed 1. Das Feldartill. = Regt. No 20. cast and carved brass hilt with broad langets, one with the Eagle and Swastika the reverse with a vacant oval, etc.

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