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Thread: 90 percent of ocean plastic waste comes from Asia and Africa

  1. #1
    Administrator Chlodovech's Avatar
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    90 percent of ocean plastic waste comes from Asia and Africa



    It’s been estimated that around eight million metric tons of plastic ends up in the world’s oceans each year, and now a new study shows that 90 percent of that can be traced back to ten major rivers in Asia and Africa.

    The world’s plastic problem has quickly become a plastic crisis and around five trillion pounds of it is currently in the oceans.

    Major efforts to remove plastic from the oceans are a long way off, so researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Germany conducted a study to target the source of the ocean’s plastic.

    The results, published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, show that by reducing plastic pollution in the Yangtze and Ganges rivers, the amount of pollution that ends up in the ocean every year could decrease by half.

    Getting to the source of the pollution is one of the best ways to get ahead of the plastic crisis according to the study.

    “One thing is certain: this situation cannot continue,” Christian Schmidt, a hydrogeologist at Germany’s Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research told the Daily Mail. “But as it is impossible to clean up the plastic debris that is already in the oceans, we must take precautions and reduce the input of plastic quickly and efficiently.”

    To find out the biggest contributors to the ocean’s plastic the researchers reviewed data from 79 sampling sites along 57 rivers.

    The worst polluter was the Yangtze River in China, which sends 1.5 million tons of plastic to the Yellow Sea every year.

    It is not well known how plastic from rivers ends up in the ocean even though rivers become major carriers of waste and this study helps shed light on the issue.

    Only a few of the world’s rivers contribute the largest amount of plastic, the study found.

    “The 10 top-ranked rivers transport 88-95 percent of the global load into the sea,” Schmidt told Daily Mail. “The rivers with the highest estimated plastic loads are characterized by high population – for instance the Yangtze with over half a billion people.”

    Part of the reason cleanup in the ocean itself is so difficult is because of microplastics which are found in every major sea and river but cause serious harm to marine life who accidentally ingest them.

    Instead, the researchers suggest that efforts should focus on reducing plastic at the river sources.

    Source: Earth.com
    “Actions speak louder than words. In the days to come the Goddess of Victory will bestow her laurels only on those who are prepared to act with daring.” ― Heinz Guderian

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    Senior Member Uwe Jens Lornsen's Avatar
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    Shipping responsible for plasic build in the oceans

    Fake news !

    Most pollution comes from harbours , shipping , fishing and sea-side tourism .

    On an other forum , someone showed a recent picture of the Yangtse flowing through Shanghai , and no litter was to be seen on the surface .

    No doubt , that some flitter is poured into the seas by rivers , but must be at their mouth and beach resorts .


    It is similar to the Carbon Dioxide fight : barking up the wrong tree .



    11 years ago , the Jangtse had been less polluted with heavy metals , than the Rhine 30 years ago .
    And this picture shows , that most of the rubbish will not reach the open seas , but will be washed onto the river seams :

    German language from 2007 : https://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/art...edenfalls.html


    One can see in the above picture , is that it is at mooring places , the litter falls into the water , and there is a lot of marine traffic going on towards China with raw materials , and from China with manufactured goods .
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Administrator Chlodovech's Avatar
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    That may very well be the case, UJL, most pollution in the oceans may not be because of plastic in rivers - yet the article does not make the claim that Africa/Asia are responsible for most pollution of the oceans. It's about plastic pollution only.
    “Actions speak louder than words. In the days to come the Goddess of Victory will bestow her laurels only on those who are prepared to act with daring.” ― Heinz Guderian

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    The only thing dirtier than a coon is a chinaman, but only because the coons cant produce/afford as much crap wrapped in plastic as the chinese.

    That old adage; don't shit where you eat means noting to them It looks like this pretty much everywhere they live in Southern Africa. Note the juvenile coon playing in the trash (bottom right quadrant with the red top, you need trained eyes like mine to spot them...).



    Chinese example, same same just more of it.



    Here a white displacement camp in South Africa, I think I will start calling them that rather than squattercamps for obvious reasons.



    South Africa’s municipal sewage system has largely collapsed. Of the 824 treatment plants, maybe only 60 release clean water.

    Raw or partially treated sewage flows into rivers throughout the country, turning dams green and killing people who drink the polluted water. From big metros such as Johannesburg to towns like Villiers in the Free State, what is flushed down the toilet either escapes out of broken pipes or from the plants meant to treat it back to safe quality.

    At best, the high levels of coliform bacteria such as E coli from human faeces – dangerous pollutants – choke the natural life in dams and rivers.

    https://mg.co.za/article/2017-07-21-...as-hit-the-fan
    The blacks shit in the water upstream another washes clothes in said stream a mile down and further down another is drinking it. They are almost impervious to bacterial infection. The problem is that water is ending up untreated in many of our municipalities drinking water. No white can drink from a tap any longer, unless you cant afford filtration or bottled water then you have to live with a runny tummy.

    It was not like this when I grew up. There are no tadpoles or crabs left in streams I used to play in. It has all been fucked up!

    What worries me more though is the state of the Pacific Ocean after Fukushima.

    They say it's dead...
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    Although the word "Commando" was wrongly used to describe all Boer soldiers, a commando was a unit formed from a particular district. None of the units was organized in regular companies, battalions or squadrons. The Boer commandos were individualists who were difficult to control, resented formal discipline or orders, and earned a British jibe that"every Boer was his own general".

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    Most Garbage in Rivers are Trees and Branches

    Most rubbish and debris collected during the rain season at the Three-Gorges-Dam seems to consist of natural litter , as bamboo logs , branches and algae :

    Since at least year 2010 the problem is known, and my guess is , that China will cope with wooden debris and other in the next few years :
    http://www.china.org.cn/environment/...t_20619292.htm

    Although the amount of garbage in the river has been decreasing in recent years, current downpours in the upstream region have brought unusually high amounts of floating waste - including tree branches, plastic bottles and other domestic garbage - into the Yangtze River, Chen said.

    "Such a large amount of debris could damage the propellers and bottoms of passing boats," he said. "The decaying garbage could also harm the scenery and the water quality."

    A layer of garbage about 60 cm thick covering an area of more than 50,000 square meters began to form in front of the dam when the rainy season started in early July, the Hubei Daily reported.

    In some regions, these layers of garbage are so thick people can walk on them, the paper reported.

    Nearly 3,000 tons of garbage are now being collected from the dam every day, Chen said. But inadequate manpower and equipment are hampering the cleanup, he said.

    In the Chongqing section of the Three Gorges, about a dozen mechanized boats are hauling the waste, but only one such boat is reportedly helping with the cleanup in the Hubei province section and people are doing most of the work by fishing out the garbage with tools.

    Loading and transporting the debris are also slow because there are no docks designated for processing the trash, officials said. Most of the garbage is buried.

    https://www.china.org.cn/environment...t_21525310.htm
    Environmental sanitation workers from southwest China's Chongqing Municipality have collected 78,000 tonnes of garbage from the Yangtze River near the Three Gorges Dam, ensuring the dam's safe and effective operation after its water level was raised.

    More than 68,000 workers in nearly 21,000 boats retrieved the garbage.

    In late October, the water level in the dam was lifted to its designed maximum of 175 meters, allowing the dam to play its full flood control, power generation, navigation and water supply roles, said Wang Yuankai, a Chongqing municipal work administrator.

    Raising the dam's water level increased the surface area of water in the dam. It also increased garbage collectors' workload, with about 60 percent more garbage appearing.

    The cleanup operation helped ensure the water quality of the dam and its navigability.

    Technics is underway ...
    https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001...04601892298756
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Although the word "Commando" was wrongly used to describe all Boer soldiers, a commando was a unit formed from a particular district. None of the units was organized in regular companies, battalions or squadrons. The Boer commandos were individualists who were difficult to control, resented formal discipline or orders, and earned a British jibe that"every Boer was his own general".

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    China, India, the Middle East, and Africa are littered with trash and waste everywhere. Much of Asia in general is this way. They pollute like no other and don't care. They defecate in, wash their clothes, and drink from the same rivers. Smog everywhere. They are this way because they are lesser.

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    Coastal Area Pollution in China

    Report , that does not name some far-fetched far-false far-left far-green river pollution :
    As China experiences a rapidly expanding marine economy, lawmakers have warned of a grim situation in offshore pollution if the country lets its guard down.

    A recent inspection commissioned by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the top legislature, found that coastal waters at or below Grade IV, the lowest level in China's four-tier seawater quality grading system, dropped from 93,000 square kilometers in 2012 to 52,000 in 2017.

    Despite this improvement, about 10 percent of the country's bays remain seriously polluted, and natural resources in 42 percent of coastal waters are being overexploited, Shen Yueyue, vice-chairwoman of the NPC Standing Committee, said while reporting the findings to the committee on Monday.

    ...

    But management over land-based pollution sources and sea farming needs to be enhanced, Shen said, as "many pollution sources have yet to fall under supervision".

    Many coastal areas were found to have inadequate sewage pipe networks and treatment facilities, with several suffering from serious agricultural and solid waste pollution, she said. In some coastal regions, sewage drainage works were not well supervised, as required by law, and cases of illegal pumping of sewage into the sea were found, she added.

    ...

    Hebei province, for example, reclaimed a total of 30,000 hectares of sea areas since 2002, but 68 percent of this remains unused.

    Only 15 percent of natural coastlines in the province are well preserved, far below the national requirement of 35 percent, according to the inspection.

    In Hainan province, due to tourism and other development projects around Sanya Bay, some beaches have been eroded or blackened with pollution, Shen said.
    http://www.china.org.cn/china/2018-1...t_74313564.htm
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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