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Thread: The Geographic Centre of Europe

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    Post The Geographic Centre of Europe

    Geographic centre of Europe

    There is no clear consensus on the location of the true Geographic Center of Europe. There is an ongoing debate as to where the Geographic Center of Europe really is. The differing opinions are based on different measurements, and different ways of calculating the final result.

    Among locations currently claiming to be the center of Europe are:
    • Toruń (former German name: Thorn), in Western Poland (former Eastern Germany)
    • Rakhiv, in Western Ukraine
    • Bernotai (near Vilnius), in Lithuania
    First Measurements

    The small town of Rakhiv (Rakhov) in the Transcarpathian region of Galicia contains a historical marker, and a large stone believed to mark the exact Geographic Center of Europe as measured in 1887 by geographers from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The town today is a part of Ukraine. The interpretation of the worn Latin inscription on the monument is debated, with some claiming that the marker is merely one of a number of fixed triangulation points for surveying purposes established around the territory of the former empire.


    German Measurements

    The Germans, not to be outdone, at the beginning of the 1900s did their own geographic analysis and concluded that the Austrian measurements were incorrect. The German scientists stated that the "actual" Geographic Center of Europe was in the Prussian city of Dresden, near the church "Frauenkirche." The Nazis capitalized on this claim by proclaiming that Germany was the "heart of Europe." They claimed that as the center of Europe they were also the center of European culture, and thus had a predestined right to rule.

    Measurements, however, done after World War II by Soviet scientists, debunked the German claim and again proclaimed Rakhov the Center of Europe. The old marker in the small town was renewed, and a major campaign to convince everyone of its validity was undertaken.


    Current Measurements

    Poland

    Current analysis, using a combination of latitude and longitude measurements from the "geographic extremes" of Europe, places the center in Western Poland. This is supported by calculations based on the Center of mass method, which uses a combination of population and area analysis, placing the Geographic Center of Europe near the city of Toruń, about 250 km east of the border with Germany and 200 km west of the Polish capital Warsaw.

    Lithuania

    Based on French calculations by the Institut Géographique National, a monument in a sculpture park in Lithuania at location 54 degrees, 54 minutes latitude and 25 degrees, 19 minutes longitude marks a claimed geographical center of Europe. A museum at the site documents the claim.


    Geographic center of European Union

    Other locations have claimed the title of geographic center of Europe on the basis of calculations based only on those states with membership of the European Union.

    On this basis, Viroinval, Belgium (Latitude : 50° 00' 33" N - Longitude : 4° 39' 59" E) has a monument marking the center of the 15-member Union (1995-2004) calculated by the Institut Géographique National .

    The 25-member Union, dating from 2004, has a center calculated by the Institut Géographique National to be at Latitude = 50° 31’ 31" N - Longitude = 7° 35’ 50" E situated in the village of Kleinmaischeid, Germany.
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    Post Re: The Geographic Centre of Europe

    EYTYXEITE!

    A very informative and important post. Thank you dear Thorburn!
    Further than Mathematical Measurements I think that exist the Historical "Measurements'; these latest speak about Delphi ( Hellas ) as the centre not only of Europe but the entire World.
    Kindest Regards!

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    Post Re: The Geographic Centre of Europe

    In fact, where are the geoghrapical extreme points?

    Perhaps if we knew wich points from and to are we measuring from we would even calculate it better?

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    Post Re: The Geographic Centre of Europe

    Quote Originally Posted by Thorburn
    German Measurements
    The Germans, not to be outdone, at the beginning of the 1900s did their own geographic analysis and concluded that the Austrian measurements were incorrect. The German scientists stated that the "actual" Geographic Center of Europe was in the Prussian city of Dresden, near the church "Frauenkirche." The Nazis capitalized on this claim by proclaiming that Germany was the "heart of Europe." They claimed that as the center of Europe they were also the center of European culture, and thus had a predestined right to rule.

    Measurements, however, done after World War II by Soviet scientists, debunked the German claim and again proclaimed Rakhov the Center of Europe. The old marker in the small town was renewed, and a major campaign to convince everyone of its validity was undertaken.
    Hmm, who would I rather believe, the Germans or the soviets...

    But honestly, who cares where the exact center of Europe is? Germany is still at the heart of europe, even if it's not in the exact middle.

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    Re: The Geographic Centre of Europe

    In the Czech republic people said that Czech is Heart of Europe, otherwise true geographic centre of Europe is in the Germany, the most Czech territory leis in the centre of Europe.

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