Is England to-day more Nordic than Germany? This is contested by many observers. I have been surprised to find that Beddoe, in his observations on German racial conditions, still finds in very un-Nordic districts of Germany and Switzerland a good deal of 'German' appearance in the population, and then often compares these districts with English ones. It may be concluded from this that in many districts in England denordization has already gone fairly far. Beddoe, in his article, 'Colour and Race,'4 points with alarm to the fact that the pure Nordic race is disappearing in England, too, and disappearing before a mobile dark strain.5 The Mediterranean race, therefore, seems to be increasing; it will not raise the cephalic index in England, but it will increase the dark colouring. With this a change is heralded whose effects on English power are beyond all reckoning. Alpine characters, too, seem to be making their way again in England. The Alpine admixture in England must not be underestimated. The immigration from the Continent in the last centuries has raised the average in England of the cephalic index: it was about 76 in the early Middle Ages, and to-day it is about 78. Beddoe asks himself whether the future English people will be capable of keeping that for which the true Anglo-Saxons died. According to many observations fair and tall persons would already seem to be very rare in the great English towns. Peters wrote in 1912 in the Tag: 'The healthy English strain of the time of Dickens is no more. The old fair Anglo-Saxon population of "Merry England" that worked on the land, and were the mainstay of Wellington's army and Nelson's ships, no longer exists. In its stead there is making its way more and more every year in the industrial towns a small, dark strain, in the midst of which the old aristocracy and the gentry stand out like isolated blond giants. But in the London restaurants the colouring is black from end to end. This is the "new aristocracy" from the city, the big men (but big only in the brain) who send the exchanges up and down, to keep the foreign and colonial markets in subjection. It is they who fill the fashionable restaurants to-day. There are now hardly any fair Londoners -- anyhow, one only sees them occasionally. This so-called new English aristocracy consists mainly of Jews, who often are from Germany ("German Jews").'

The English colonies in some cases do not seem to be particularly adapted for the welfare of the Nordic race. At any rate the Nordic section of the English people seems to be in course of disappearing. Its disappearance would necessarily lead to the decay and finally the fall of the British Empire. Through the destruction of the free peasant class England has dealt herself a very heavy blow. The number of blonds, which about the year 1900 in the English towns still stood to the number of those of brown colouring in the proportion 2:5, had before the Great War gone down to 1:4 in Glasgow, in Manchester to 1:5, and in London to 1:7. 'The skull of the modern twentieth-century Londoner has changed from that of the eighteenth, but it is in the direction of increased breadth and shortness, and the change is due, I believe, to admixture with the Central European or Alpine race, which in the last two centuries has been pouring into this country in ever-increasing quantities.'6 Thus Pearson's utterance in 1903 does not astonish us: 'We are ceasing as a nation to breed intelligence as we did to a hundred years ago. The mentally better stock in the nation is not reproducing itself at the same rate as it did of old; the less able and the less energetic are more fertile than the better stocks.'7 England to-day seems to have a somewhat higher proportion of Nordic blood than Germany (?), but the whole inheritance is hardly over 60 per cent.; in England, however, the proportion of racially pure Nordics seems to be still higher than it is in Germany. The predominance of Nordic blood shows itself most in certain large districts in Scotland. 'The Scotch yield a remarkable number of the leading and pioneer men in England and the colonies.'8

We are not to conclude alone from the rise of the cephalic index in England that the denordization of England is comparatively slight. The denordization shows itself in England more through the disappearance of light colouring and the lowering of the height, since the increase of the Mediterranean long-headed race cannot show itself by a rise in the cephalic index. When, therefore, the average index in England has still risen, that shows a relatively strong increase in the Alpine race. 'In Devonshire in our days a steady worsening of the physical build in general, and of the growth of the rural youth, is to be seen. The reason for this cannot alone be looked for in a deterioration of conditions, but must be looked for, above all, in the constant migration of the efficient and healthy into the towns.'9 Is it so, then, that parts of the British Isles have now lost nearly all their Nordic element? Devonshire, indeed, has always been looked on by students of race as predominantly Mediterranean.