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Thread: Ein Schiff wird kommen / One ship will arrive

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    Mad Ein Schiff wird kommen / One ship will arrive

    The German shipping trades were in decline since the 1980s already,
    especially the ship building industries.

    The ship fright trading management was quite successful though until the second half of the Millennium.

    One more sign of the downfall is the bank 'HSH-Nordbank' being under state's vision to be scuttled and sold.


    The newspaper Hambuger Abendblatt , which I occassionally buy , has a daily listing of ships
    quaying in Hamburg .

    Today no ship arriving under German flag is listed :

    Ship Type / Nationality / Size in BRZ

    Passenger ship / Panama / 95'000
    Container ship / Liberia / 73'000
    Container ship / Liberia / 17'000
    Container ship / Cyprus / 16'000 / Voronezh : Russian name
    Container ship / Liberia / 16'000 / Baltic Tern
    Container ship / Antigua + Barbuda / 16'000
    Roll on Roll off / France / 15'000 / Airbus RoRo
    Container ship / Great Britain / 11'000
    Fright ship / Cyprus / 10'000
    Fright ship / Antigua + Barbuda / 9'000

    Source : vesseltracker.com
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Rhine Water Level low Autumn 2018

    The Rhine is said to be Europe's most frequent inland shipping way .

    This Autumn the Rhine has a very low level of water flowing , and ships and barges
    are just able to carry ⅓rd of their freight capabillities .

    The chemical industry's in- and output is reduced , the BASF company even using the wording "force majeure"
    to excuse any delays in deliveries .

    The electric current producing plants are low on black coal , and one nuclear power plant has
    slightly reduced it's output by 1/14th because of missing cooling water .

    The Big Energy Utilities cmpanies RWE and EnBW have difficulties to keep 5.8 GigaWatts of Electrical Power
    delivering into the grid .

    At Kaub the water level is just at 33cm ( 1 foot, 1 inch ) , and expected to decline towards 23 cm ( 4 inches less ) .

    This is reported by the Greek maritime news Hellenic Shipping News .com ;
    Greece being with more than 700 units the world's leading shipping oil tanker owner ,
    before Japan and the USA with each more than 300 (according to wikipedia) .
    Critically low water levels on the River Rhine, the main European shipping artery, are jeopardizing shipments of a wide range of different commodities, such as grains, chemicals and coal, and are affecting operations of both manufacturing and power generating plants along the river, which rely heavily on its waters for transportation and cooling purposes.
    https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com...d-commodities/
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Another maritime news website found today : Marine Insight .

    The German port of Kiel is going to install shore cabled electricity power supply for the
    regular ferry lines to Oslo, Norway, and Gothenburg, Sweden .

    With this form of electrical power supply , these ships don't need to let their power generators running ,
    while being at quai , thus probably reducing the environmental airial pollution , if the regular power plants
    produce greener energy .
    As of spring 2019, it will be possible to supply big cruise ferries with all the electrical power they need during the time they are berthed in Kiel. “We are taking action to make a substantial contribution to air purification”, said Minister Buchholz. “The use of onshore power supply sustainably reduces ship emissions during time spent in port. We support this trend-setting project and beyond that advocate at government level to improve the overall economic conditions for the use of onshore power.”
    https://www.marineinsight.com/shippi...t-of-kiel/amp/


    The both arctic routes north of Russia and North of Canada are being in use ,
    effectively reducing the time on sea for freighters .
    It is claimed , that an ore delivery from Quebec, Canada to China took 26 days , instead of 41 days
    using the Panama-Canal route .

    From that point of view , the Global Warming has some advantages .

    Here a ship transporting little boats like tugs from China to Rotterdam using the
    Northern Russian Route :
    In a first for Damen, the Tasmanic Winter took the Northern Sea Route along Russia’s north coast, which can reduce the journey time by up to eight days compared with the traditional southern route.
    https://www.marineinsight.com/shippi...tic-route/amp/
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Cyprus

    The Maritine Professions operating boats and ships include

    * Boat Ownership
    * Ship Management
    * Boat Charterers


    Cyprus claims , that Ship Management makes the country

    * 3rd World largest Ship Management center
    * Cypriotic third-party ship managemnet accounts for 20% of third-party managed global fleet

    * 11th World largest fleet

    * 24 million gross tonnage are flagged Cypriotic
    * 3rd largest fleet in the European Union

    * Cyprus together with Malta and Greece have the largest fleet in the EU


    Ships are taxed by tonnage , not by companies's earnings ,
    a somewhat simple communist taxation system , in my opinion .

    The Cypriot flag — which portrays the shape of the island and two olive branches on a white background symbolising peace — flies high and wide in the eastern Mediterranean. The small island nation is the world’s third largest ship management centre, accounting for one fifth of the global third-party managed fleet. Cypriot ships are the 11th biggest fleet globally. And the shipping industry directly accounts for approximately seven percent of the Cypriot economy, ...
    https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com...-to-new-level/

    And the deputy minister of shipping is a female named "Natasa Pilides" ...
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    USA : The Merchant Marine Act of 1920 , the so called Jones Act

    Some statistical data and the Jones Act :

    Before the outbreak of the First World War ,

    * England had the world's largest merchant fleet , held more than 50% of oceanic tonnage

    * Germany was second , and held 11%

    * The USA was third , and held 8%


    The article says :
    .. the main goal of the Jones Act was to ensure a domestic shipbuilding capacity in the United States and second, a ready supply of vessels in times of war and emergency.
    A Shipping Act of 1916 had been introduced to create a Merchant Marine , and when German submarines
    attacked US-American merchant vessels , things were spiralling upwards .

    A surplus of 2000 merchant ships had been manufactured , who needed management ,
    and so the Jones Act had been introduced , to secure an existing Merchant Navy in times of war .


    Fast forward to today , there are only 180 commercial ships left of a tonnage size of 1 thousand and more ,
    that sail under the US Flag ;
    and just 96 of these fall under the Jones Act .

    In comparision , Panama would have the world's largest fleet with six thousand there registered vessels ,
    in a world of more than 41 thousand active merchant vessels .

    China, South Korea and Japan are building 90% of the world's available ships ,
    with South Korea subsidizing shipbuilding massively .


    More to read , which is an opinion article , for the reformation of the Jones Act ,
    and not a total scuttling , as proposed by an organisation named CATO :
    https://gcaptain.com/catos-continued...the-jones-act/
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Canadian and US-American shipbuilding, Panama, Oil Tankers scrapping

    About the history of the Panama convenience flag :
    Mussolini, Ethiopia, World War Two ...
    When World War II broke out in 1939, Roosevelt could not support the United Kingdom directly, as in 1935 the Shipping Neutrality Act was signed to prevent Mussolini from invading Ethiopia. A solution was found by flagging out to Panama, which was under US control. The advantage for shipping companies was not having to comply with US regulations and not having to sail with US crew which were 50 percent more expensive than European crews at that time. In 1939 there were 52 tankers with a total capacity of 700,000 long tons of deadweight under Panamanian flag, a boost for flags of convenience.
    Underway replenishment during World War One developed by Nimitz :
    The fleet oiler USS Maumee, launched on April 17, 1915, pioneered the technique of underway replenishment.[27] A large ship at the time, with a capacity of 14,500 long tons of deadweight, Maumee began refuelling destroyers en route to Britain at the outset of World War I.[27] This technique enabled the Navy to keep its fleets at sea for extended periods, with a far greater range independent of the availability of a friendly port.[27] This independence proved crucial to victory in World War II by the ships commanded by Fleet Admiral Nimitz who, as Maumee’s executive officer, had played a key role in developing underway replenishment.
    Both at history of the oil tanker : https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hist...the_oil_tanker


    Website with statistics about Northern American shipbuilding, a little difficult to navigate :
    http://shipbuildinghistory.com/index.htm
    The Nixon Administration's 1970 amendments to the Merchant Marine Act extended the construction subsidy program (CDS) to tankers and bulkers, but this only lasted until the mid-80s, when funding for new CDS contracts was eliminated by the Reagan Administration: in the 15 years that CDS was available, 20 crude carriers and 15 product carriers were built. The next big stimulus to tanker construction was the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline: between 1970 and 1987, 35 crude carriers were built, almost all for the Alaskan trade, while 36 product carriers were built for coastal distribution. Then the Exxon Valdez accident of 1989 and the resulting Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) turned the market upside down, but the replacement rate was a long way short of one-for one. By the OPA 90 cut-off date for withdrawal of single-hull tankers (1-Jan-2015), the flow of crude oil from the Alaskan North Slope had been greatly reduced and only 11 double-hull crude carriers were required to replace the 35-ship single-hull fleet. And although the volume of refined products moving in domestic-trade did not change significantly, the tank-barge operators moved into double-hulls faster than the tanker operators, developing larger and faster ATB designs, with the result that only 25 double-hull product carriers were required to replace the 36-ship single-hull fleet. One other development had an impact on the tanker construction market, although only a small one: in 1994, the Clinton Administration extended Title XI to export sales, a move that resulted in only two contracts, covering only six ships, four of which were sold to a domestic operator before they were completed.
    http://shipbuildinghistory.com/merch.../3tankers2.htm


    Historic and current rates of wrecking oil tankers world wide ; engine fuels likely to change in 2020 with the sulphur cap ,
    and my guess would be the shift to gases like LNG , LPG , and these :
    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-G...e-Decades.html


    Monetary Charter Rates are low , but not at hellenicshippingnews.com :


    Charter Rates for different sizes



    I have no numbers about crude carriers builts , unfortunately ...
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Kaiser Shipyards, California

    Kaiser shipbuilding at the US-American West Coast : German Immigrant fighting Hitler-Germany ...

    Henry Kaiser was an early advocate of bringing American aid to those suffering from Nazi aggression in Europe. In 1940, a full year before the then-neutral United States had entered World War II, Kaiser was serving as National Chairman of United Clothing Collection for International War Relief to provide much-needed clothing for the refugees from Hitler's conquests in Europe, while the U.S. was still 'isolationist'.[5]

    Kaiser fought Hitler far more directly with what he is most famous for: the Kaiser Shipyard in Richmond, California; during World War II adapting production techniques to enable building cargo ships with an average construction time of 45 days. These ships became known as Liberty ships and were later supplemented in the mid-war period by improved, larger and faster Victory ships. He became world-renowned when his teams built a ship in four days.
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_J._Kaiser



    What a picture of some Aryan this man .... seems there are capitalist's genes leading to obesity .... fat swims on the surface ...
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    No real tanker shortage in sight

    Quote Originally Posted by Uwe Jens Lornsen View Post
    Historic and current rates of wrecking oil tankers world wide ; engine fuels likely to change in 2020 with the sulphur cap ,
    and my guess would be the shift to gases like LNG , LPG , and these :
    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-G...e-Decades.html


    Monetary Charter Rates are low , but not at hellenicshippingnews.com :


    I have no numbers about crude carriers builts , unfortunately ...
    Tanker's grew in numbers during 2018 , but only slightly :
    The fundamentally positive outlook for Americas dirty tanker freight is supported by low global net fleet growth numbers in 2018 that have been unrivaled since 2014, Alphatanker data shows.

    In 2018, dirty tanker tonnage grew at 1.2% for Aframaxes and Panamaxes, 1.7% for Suezmaxes and 0.7% for VLCCs, taking into account the aggregate number of demolitions and newbuild deliveries.
    https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com...seasonal-lull/
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    Container Carrier ships on fire

    There are apparently relative many common fires on board of container ships , possibly due to false declaration of chemical goods for gaining cheaper transport costs .
    https://www.ship-technology.com/feat...er-ship-fires/

    One list of ten major fires since year 2000 is accessible at gcaptain.com :
    https://gcaptain.com/the-worst-conta...ory-in-photos/

    Overall it appears , that there will be regulations implemented , that increase the fire fighting capabillity of these ships , who are usually dependent on tugs equipped with water cannons .
    A ship's crew is able to fight a fire inside a container by drilling a hole of one to two inch in size , and then sticking a water mist lance into the container .
    https://www.viking-life.com/en/conta...ystem-one-size

    https://www.wilhelmsen.com/media-new.../firefighting/



    The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) demands , that new built container vessels are equipped with a few fire fighting measures at
    https://www.maritime-executive.com/a...ontainer-ships
    The requirements apply to new ships constructed on or after 1 January, 2016, and include the following:

    All new ships designed to carry containers on or above the weather deck shall be fitted with at least one water mist lance,
    in addition to all other fire protection arrangements that should be provided on board as per existing regulations.

    All new ships designed to carry five or more tiers of containers on or above the weather deck
    shall also be provided with mobile water monitors, in addition to the water mist lance mentioned above
    and all other fire protection arrangements that should be provided on board as per existing regulations.
    Ships with a breadth up to 30 m should be provided with at least two mobile water monitors
    and ships with a breadth exceeding 30 m or more should be provided with at least four mobile water monitors.
    https://safety4sea.com/new-solas-fir...k-cargo-areas/

    A water monitor can be ordered at
    https://survitecgroup.com/systems/nf...-lance-system/



    Several gerneral fire protection and fighting equipments listed at
    https://www.marineinsight.com/marine...oard-ship/amp/


    About problems when fighting a fire onboard :
    https://www.dnvgl.com/news/container...-events-107133
    Fire-fighting commenced using the water drenching system supplied by the port and starboard fire main lines, connected to nozzles beneath the hatch covers. But this was hampered due to leaking pipe expansion joints, rendering one side out of action.

    The CO2 system was engaged, but the line was also found to be leaking at pipe and valve flanges in the CO2 room and in the under deck passageway, preventing total flooding of the hold with CO2.

    The crew also attempted to provide additional water via fire hoses through gaps in hatch covers from the main deck. First attempts were hindered, as the fire hose couplings had a different diameter to the hydrant couplings dedicated to the drenching system. However, the crew managed to contain the fire until it was finally extinguished at port. The vessel was detained by the port authorities, and the incident was subject to investigations by several parties, including the flag state.
    The International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI) wants stricter regulations :
    https://www.maritime-executive.com/a...ner-ship-fires

    https://www.maritime-executive.com/a...ontainer-ships
    "Recent amendments to SOLAS are a move in the right direction but they do not go far enough. The legal requirements prescribed by SOLAS were originally developed for fires on board general cargo vessels, and these ships are structurally very different to a container vessel, and cargo is stored differently. We believe the mode of fire-fighting set out in SOLAS is not suitable for a modern container ship."


    Container Carriers will become even larger , than they are today :
    https://gcaptain.com/new-generation-...ver-23000-teu/
    Nine 22,000 teu vessels on order for CMA CGM and 11 22,000 teu ships for MSC could end up with capacity of 23,500 teu when delivered in 2019 and 2020, ushering in a new era of the megamax containership

    It said that while their length would still be around the 400-metre mark established with MaerskÂ’s Triple-E class ships, the width is likely to be widened to 61.4 metres.

    Alphaliner dubs these next-generation ships Megamax-24 (MGX-24) on account of the 24 container bays, 24 deck rows and the 24-container stack height of 12 boxes in the holds and up to 12 on deck.

    Alphaliner has also forseen the Megamax-23 (MGX-23) ship as one with 24 bays in length and 23 container rows in breadth. Typically, these vessels have a LOA of 400m and a beam of around 59m with a capacity of 18,000-21,000 teu.

    Other features of the MGX-24 and MGX-23 are similar added Alphaliner: a relocated wheelhouse; bulkier hull shape; increased hull depth and draught; smaller engines; lower service speeds; and raised container lashing bridges.

    The 14'000 TEU MSC Daniela is not listed on the German Wikipedia as a member of the MSC operator,
    which had been founded once in Naples and started with cargoes between the Mediteranian and Somalia , according to
    the English Wikipedia , indicating a close connection to the current refugee streams heading for Libya and Italy :
    https://www.hansa-online.de/2017/04/...e-msc-daniela/
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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    ZIM Integrated Shipping Services

    ZIM is an Hebrew owned Container Carrier owner and operator , and it seems , that the Submarine deals of recent years between Germany and Israel have had a much deeper history , than already known ...

    Zim Integrated Shipping Services Ltd. (Hebrew: צים‎), formerly ZIM Israel Navigation Company Ltd. and Zim American Israeli Shipping Inc., is the biggest cargo shipping company in Israel, and one of the top-20 global carriers.[1]

    Despite a lull in maritime shipping at the beginning of the 1980s, the company built 15 more ships in Germany in the 1990s. At this time, the ownership of ZIM was divided between the Israeli government and Israel Corporation.[7]

    Annual turnover 2014: $3.4 billion
    About 80 vessels, 13 fully or partly owned
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zim_...pping_Services
    Mk 10:18 What do you call me a good master, no-one is good .

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