Between Foragers and Farmers in the Iron Gates Gorge: Physical Anthropology Perspecive Djerdap Population in Transition from Mesolithic to Neolihic
Mirjana Roksandic

ABSTRACT The research presented here aims at discerning possible interactions between Mesolithic hunter-gatherers of the Iron Gates Gorge (Serbia-Romania) and the surrounding Neolithic farmers during the 7th and the 6th millenniums BC. In order to examine the interactions of communities with different modes of subsistence (foraging and farming respectively), the nonmetric anatomical variants of the skull and postcranial skeletons were examined on the sites with the largest number of individuals buried. Another set of analyses, aimed at discerning environmental (occupation/nutrition) changes that could have affected the population in transition was performed on metric variables of postcranial skeleton. The combination of these two sets of analyses argues for local continuity within the region, with high degree of initial heterogeneity, and temporal ordering as the most likely explanation for the pattern of change.

The Lepenski Vir Fauna: Bones in Houses and Between Houses
Vesna Dimitrijevic

ABSTRACT Besides its monumental stone sculpture and peculiar architecture, and its dubious position between the Mesolithic and Neolithic, Lepenski Vir culture is claimed as one of the first in Europe in which dog domestication occurred. There are notes of other domestic species bones found in a context originally interpreted as belonging to a fisher-hunter-gatherer society. It is presumable that a subsistence strategy itself, related primarily to animal exploitation, be it of tame or wild, mammalian or non-mammalian species, inspired the foundation of settlements on the Danube's banks in the Iron Gates. In this regard, the first results of previously un-analysed osteological material from the locality are presented. The material originates from the Lepenski Vir excavation campaigns of 1968-1970, from the floors of houses, beneath them, and from the spaces extending between houses.

Stable Isotopes, Radiocarbon and he Mesolihic-Neolihic Transition in the Iron Gates
Clive Bonsal, Gordon Cook, Rosemary Lennon, Douglass Harkness, Martin Scott, Laszlo Bartosiewicz, Kathleen McSweeney

ABSTRACT The results of stable carbon and nitrogen-isotope analyses of human bone collagen from the Iron Gates sites of Lepenski Vir, Vlasac and Schela Cladovei are reconsidered in the light of recent developments in stable isotope palaeodietary research and new information on chronology. The revised data have implications for the interpretation of Lepenski Vir and Vlasac, and the timing of the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the Iron Gates.