It would be wrong to say that there was one wholy applicable 'history' of green anarchist and anarcho-primitivist thought, but we're putting these here to help people get an idea about where some of us are coming from and what influenced us.

Most of our personal involvement comes from our own lives and the problems that we all face living in civilization. Against this anger and disgust we find that our problems aren't only involving us, but everyone living under civilization. These bits chronicle one strand of dissent against the civilized order.

We also encourage everyone to check out the black and green bibliography for lists of books that we find important to the green anarchist/anti-civilization critique.

"Green anarchy essentially means 'you're an animal, so go be one!'" -Rot'N


Origins of Green Anarchy - The anarcho-primitivist critique points to the millions of years of human co-existence within the natural world as living in an anarchistic state, and the only one to exist thus far. So the origins of green anarchy extend to the origins of the state. Anarchy, however, is not so-much a specific set of relations, it only points to the absence of State or hierarchial/power relations. The green refers to an ecological existence that makes this lifeway possible. Only by living in balance with the world can we continue to exist, breaking that balance is what has lead to where we are now.

The origins of 'green anarchy' are untraceable to extents. Those who were being forced into civilized existence and resisting it would embody the same chaotic and wild urge to live free and autonomously. Anarchy goes as far back as the force that has moved against it. We could consider this green anarchist, although to our knowledge the term hasn't been self-applied till relatively recently. In tracing our roots here, our interests will be primarily in the conscious anarchist resistors that have inspired the current green anarchist milieu.

Red and Green Anarchist Split - A problem that lies in the anarchist milieu is a notion that as anarchists, we are all working towards the same thing. The fact that we oppose the State, however, does not make us the same. "Red" anarchy refers to the more historically and socially recognized movement that carries on the Leftist goal of reforming civilization and even to some extremes reforming our current state of hyper-technological civilization.

This strand arises from first world nations under the force of capitalist/productionist exploitation. It's primary thinkers and actors have sought to 're'claim the means of production and restructure society and abolition of private property. Green anarchists have accused the constituents of this strand of hoping to reform and carry on the inherently destructive industrialism that only requires institutions such as work and exploitation. In our eyes, civilization is an ecologically destructive process, and so long as it exists, it will stand in the way an autonomous, healthy way of life.

"Green" anarchy refers to an ecologically oriented understanding of autonomy and self-determination. Our interests lie in abolishing the means of destruction which allow the few to permanently impact the rest of life on the planet. Civilization, by its very nature, requires the disruption of the community of life where it stands in the way of a human centered mode of life that looks into the future for a synthetic reality and impossible utopia.

The differences here are not merely topical. We don't oppose individuals for any kind of abstract philosophy, but we realize that there are huge differences between those who want to continue this way of destruction and those who seek a reconnection with the wild, chaotic flow of all life.

This underlying difference has led to endless discussions and arguments back and forth from both sides. We're all surely guilty of putting words in the others mouths, but this does not mean that we really are after the same thing. In the interests of revolt, we wish to realize these differences and move on. We seek the abolition of this way of life and we will see no differences in a corporation that destroys or a worker co-op that does it with a smiley face or on a longer scale. We are for wildness and a reconnection with life, and stand against all abstracts the create and further the artificial divide.


William Blake: first green anarchist?

Whereas the anarchist milieu has traced its roots to William Godwin, it seems that ours would lie in William Blake (1757-1827), a close friend of Godwins' and influential poet and artist. Godwins' approach was an economic libertarian shift in social trends whereas Blake realized that the entire technological-industrial civilization would only produce destruction.

Blake and Godwin were part of a small intellectual circle that were all very influenced by the French and American Revolutions. Blake was disappointed by the outcomes and authoritarian influences that moved through these revolutions, and used this as a backdrop to further his critique and aspirations. His visions of an anarchist world were heavily influenced by John Milton's Paradise Lost (Blake was of a religious sect along the lines of the Brethern of the Free Spirit and the Adamites: he would come to reject all human made laws and authority as well as institutionalized religions and culture). His revolutionary vision would be expanded by Godwins' Libertarian anarchism, Mary Wollstonecraft's critique of patriarchy (Godwin and Wollstonecraft would give birth to Mary Shelley, author of the anti-technological novel Frankenstein and eloped the poet Percy Shelley) and Thomas Paine.

Blake would carry the libertarian anarchism into a total critique of the civilized mentality and concrete reality. According to the short biography by Peter Marshall (William Blake: Visionary Anarchist, London: Freedom, 1994.): "He rejected the rationalism of Newton, the empiricism of Bacon, and the sensationalism of Locke which presented the external world as matter in motion governed by universal laws. For them, the world consisted of a finite quantity to be weighed and measured and classified. Blake was convinced that their mechanical philosophy, which shaped the dominant world view at the time, made the cardinal error of separating the perceiving mind from the object of perception, the observer from the observed." (pg. 21)

Anthologies of Blake's poems and prose are widely available and very recommended as well as his art, which further explores his anarchist vision and hopes to return to a 'paradise lost'. [/QUOTE]


http://www.blackandgreen.org/histories.html