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Thread: Robert the Bruce's Face Reconstructed

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    Robert the Bruce's Face Reconstructed

    Amazing first ever look at Robert the Bruce's face - created 700 years after his death
    Scientists and historians have worked together to create the first ever image of the Scottish warlord


    Scientists and historians have created the first image of Scottish warlord Robert the Bruce 700 years after his death,

    One image depicts the hero king in his prime, a large and powerful male head with a muscular neck and stocky frame.

    This was a privileged individual who enjoyed the benefits of a first-class diet, and whose physique would have equipped him for the brutal demands of medieval warfare.

    The second image reveals likely signs of leprosy, disfiguring the upper jaw and nose.

    Robert Bruce was Scottish king from 1306 until his death in 1329 aged around 55.

    Constantly at war against his enemies both at home and the English regime culminating in the battle of Bannockburn in 1314, he also campaigned in northern England and Ireland.

    Historians believe Bruce suffered from an unidentified ailment, possibly leprosy, which laid him low several times during his reign, and probably killed him.

    In Ulster in 1327, he was said to be so weak that he could only move his tongue.

    The two-year project to put a face to the cast of a skull owned by the Hunterian museum in Glasgow was led by Dr Martin MacGregor, senior lecturer in Scottish history at the University of Glasgow.

    Dr MacGregor was inspired by the discovery of the skeleton of King Richard III of England beneath a car park in Leicester in 2012.

    “I was aware of previous attempts to recreate the face of the skull linked to Robert the Bruce,” he said.

    The university enlisted the help of experts at Liverpool John Moores University. Its Face Lab specialises in recreating likenesses from legal and archaeological evidence.

    Professor Caroline Wilkinson, Director of the Face Lab said: “Using the skull cast, we could accurately establish the muscle formation from the positions of the skull bones to determine the shape and structure of the face.

    "But what the reconstruction cannot show is the colour of his eyes, his skin tones and the colour of his hair. We produced two versions – one without leprosy and one with a mild representation of leprosy. He may have had leprosy, but if he did it is likely that it did not manifest strongly on his face, as this is not documented.”

    No reliable visual depictions of Robert the Bruce were made in his lifetime time, and written records tell us nothing about his appearance. DNA would establish hair and eye colour – but there is a problem, mausoleum of Scotland’s medieval monarchs,” explains Dr MacGregor.

    “After the excavation the original skeleton and skull were sealed in pitch and reburied, but not before a cast of the head was taken. Several copies of the cast exist, including the one now in The Hunterian, but without the original bone we have no DNA.”

    “The Hunterian also holds a piece of toe-bone said to have come from the same grave, and not returned to it. We had hoped to try and obtain DNA from this and test it against a living descendant of Robert the Bruce, but the bone would probably have been destroyed in the process.

    “When Bruce took the throne in 1306 Scotland was in a parlous state.

    “Edward I had decreed that cotland was to be described as a land rather than a kingdom.I don’t think it’s going too far to say that unless Bruce had succeeded in that endeavour, we might not be sitting here today talking about a Scotland.”




    http://www.mirror.co.uk/science/amaz...robert-9418244

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    Senior Member Catterick's Avatar
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    A coarse Alpinoid close to Coon's Borreby somewhat dinaricised.

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    Senior Member SaxonCeorl's Avatar
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    Ehh...feel like his nose wouldn't have been that broad and bulbous...I never know what to make of these reconstructions; they always look like cavemen

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