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Thread: Why Did the Roman Emperor Constantine Choose Christianity?

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    Why Did the Roman Emperor Constantine Choose Christianity?





    The Holy Constantinus the Great born in Naissus, Moesia Superior (now Niš, Serbia), his father was a military commander and a member of Aurelianus' Guard. The most popular view, that Constantinus (between 27 February c. 272 – 22 May 337, ruled between 25 July 306 - 22 May 337) was Pagan himself, his wife was Christian and the "mercy" legend among the Orthodox whos claim Constantinus as holy (well, he was not larger murderer than other emperor under a civil war in the Roman Empire), that legend tells that he has becomen christian in his death bed. But why did Constantinus chose the Christianity?

    Well, the word of a woman is a high opinion in a family, but we know that Constantinus ruled the Empire, not his wife. He started own rule in 306 when the Roman Army acclaimed him emperor in Eburacum (now York, Britain). The most popular opinion that before Constantinus the emperors wanted a common religion for the Empire to hold strong the declined state what newer and newr counter-emperors, civil wars, separatist provinces, moreover separating group of the provinces made weaker and weaker. The first idea was that the emperors got back to Caesar who claimed a God after his dead. Well, Octavius (later Augustus) was the high-priest of Rome, he could make God from his uncle and officialy "father" and he as a child of Caesar and he could use the name of Caesar, he claimed ownself "Divi filius", the "Son of God". After it the official tradition was that an emperor after his death has becomen God. Hence the emperors whos wanted a offical state religion, they started to claim ownselves as a God and the people must worship the emperor as a God. However it was not popular, the average roman made sacrifice to the emperor, but he did not believe this, the Christians denied openly this cult, they killed.

    The most popular religion in the late Roman Empire was the cult of Sol Invictus (the invincible Sun) and the Parthus-Persian Mithras cult, Mithras was a man, a soldier and the God of the Sun, he died in every year, but he ressurected in 25th december when is the winter solstice. Both of this Sun religions' main celebration was the winter solstice when Mithras resurrected and the day started be longer and longer. Mithras was very popular in the Roman Army. Another popular religion was the cult of Isis, the Egyptian fertility and love Goddess. At least among the low classes of the Roman cities spread the Christianity.

    Well, Constantinus was not Christian, but by his wife or others, he could know the main things about Christianity as an outsider, he could see some more important things in this religion what the believers did not see. He understood that the Christianity is a peace religion and (originally, not the Crusades, Inquisitions, etc.) it make a man a peacful, hardworker, friendly, obedient one. In that bloody times when the rebel and separatist legions or the barbarian invaders made bloodshed in the Empire, Constantinus realised that he should sheep.

    Constantinus just know what is a civil war as he fought with his fellow-emperor (in that decades since Diocletianus (244–312) the one Roman Empire had two emperor, this led to the divide the two part of the Empire) Maxentius. The crucial battle was by the Pons Mulvius/Milvius across the Tiberis near Rome in 28 October 312. One of the oldest military unit, the Praetorian Guard fought in the side of Maxentius. The legend says that before the battle at night Constantinus saw a dream, he saw the Chi-Ro Greek letters means Christus and a vocie told him that "In signo vinces" as in this ensign you will win. Hence before the bloody battle he ordered to paint to any shield this sign what later will be common among the soldiers of the Empire.







    Constantinus has won the battle and Maxentius died in the battle. The 300 years old Praetorian Guard was dismiss. After it the another fellow-emperor Licinius had defeated and killed by the Battle of Chyropolis in 325. Now Constantinus was the only emperor after Diocletianus. Now he had enough time that he made obedient sheep of his subjects.

    He thought that the whole Empire will be a land of obedient sheep, it will not be more rebellion or separatism. Hence he has chosen the Christianity, the banned religion has becomen the state religion and Constantinus has given privileges to the Christians. In 313 he made the Edictum Mediolanense (the Edict of Milan) what ended the ban of the Christianity. With this turn the sometimes pursuited, sometimes just banned and tolerated Christianity with the support of the state spread like a thunder across the whole Empire. Well, mostly all the cities have becomen Christian, the Christianity yet did not conquer the Roman villages. In the First Council of Nicea (Nikaia) born the Necean Credo, the creed, the confession of faith of all Christians, except the Arianist whos did not believe that Jesus was God, they were claimed as heretic in this council side by side among the invading Germanic tribes this kind of Christianity spread, f.e. among the Goths. Later Constantinus saw that the Western part of the Empire with Rome declined, hence in the rich hellenistic east he has built Constantinopolis (Constantinople) from the old Greek city Byzantion. The start of the build was in 324 and the inauguration was 11 May 330. Later Constantinus died in 22 May 337 and when he saw along own life, he did not know what a kind of Jinn he deflated from the bottle.







    After a very confused rules of the sons of Constantinus, a new emperor, Theodosius the Great (11 January 347 – 17 January 395) had becomen the last emperor of the united Roman Empire. He was the Eastern Emperor betwen 19 January 379 – 15 May 392 and he was the last one Emperor between 15 May 392 – 17 January 395. He has the same problems like as Constantinus, civil war and the barbarian invasion. Side by side he was who did the next step for the Christianization of the Empire. Theodosius with his fellow-emperors, Gratianus and Valentinianus II declared the Edictum Thessalonicense (Edict of Thessalonica) on 27 February 380 what claimed the only legitimate Imperial Religion is the Nicene Trinitarian Christianity what was called Catholic. The last deed of Theodosius was that they divided the Empire to own two sons and the Roman Empire never will be united.

    This was the end of the traditional polytheist state cults. In 481 started the destroy of the old Roman, Helenistic and Middle-Eastern religions. Theodosius banned the formal Roman state religion, moreover prohibited the Haruspicy (the ancient Roman foretell from the fly of the birds) by death. Theodosius disbanded the Vesta Virgins, closed the Roman temples. However this was the starting. Later the Christian emperors has closed the Olympia and the Athean Academia too. The hordes of fanatic Christian monks, they are the most dangerous and fanatics from the clergy, I have gone often under many times in a Monastery-Temple and they can say the most wild idiotism, f.e. the tsunami is the wrath of the God. So these Christian hordes destroyed the Pagan temples, killed the priests and priestess', and destroyed and set on fire the Libraries, especially the fameous Alexandrian Library what was the greatest scientific and literal collection on this Earth at this time.

    In the west the situation was not so hard, the Christians and the Pagans lived together and suffered together from the newer and newer wave of Barbarian invaders. When the Western Empire has fallen, the cities and the villages in the East were Christians. However the West had not so many time.







    I have written above that the Goths has becomen Christian, but the Christianity of the so-called small number of Goths did not influenced the Pagan villagers in Italy or in Hispany too. Chlodwig I (Hlōdowig, cca. 466 – November 27, 511, reigned 481–509) was the first Frankish king who could unite the Frankish tribe. He was a son of Childerich, the king of the Sali Franks (the Seaside Franks) and the grandson of Merovech the founder of the Meroving Dinasty. Chlodwig after his father led the Franks across the Rhein toward west. Childeric I helped to Aegidius, the magister militium (military commander) of North-Gaul against the Visigoths whos later has gone toward to Hispania. Chlodwig defeated Syagrius, the son of Aegidius, the last Roman governor of Gaul by the battle of Soissons (486). Chlodwig defeated the Visigoths by the battle of Vouillé in 507, hence all the Visigoths has gone to Hispany. Chlodwig had an unsuccesfull campaign against Burgundy (500), thus except Burgundy he was the ruler of Gaul.

    Well, Constantinus and Theodosius wanted make sheep the population of the Atlantic-shore and the Mediterranean-world and this in the Eastern Empire they were succesfull. There will be 1000 year of darkness and idiotism where 500 BCE an average Athenean citizen can read and write, politize and had some philosophic opinion about the World. Only the Islam will carry a little lighter, fewer dark idiotism than the Christianity, but that region will wait for Kemal Atatürk when the darkness and the chador is disappeard.

    Well, this king Chlodwig was a smart man. Originally among the Germanics was so high equality what we cannot imagine, maybe like as a South-Asian island tribe. The Germanic hereditary rulers, the kings (Kuningaz>König) or the elected leaders, princes (Harjatugaz>Herzog) had very few power. The althings and the opinion of all free men and women influenced the resolution of the king/prince. Chlodwig wanted vanish this equalitarian society and he wanted obedient subjects, not warriors whos speak back to the king or behave respectless. Hence he saw that he should copy the well organized and well hierarchized Roman world. Here started the 1500 years old story under we, Germanics often had copied the Romans till 1945 when the last "Caesar" and his Empire died. So Chlodwig was smart and he wanted sheep from own people that the ruling will be so easy. The Christianism is not just a religion, it is a technic of power. Hence Chlodwig in Christmas Day 508 baptismed in the Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims as Catholic. Here started the 1400 years long marriage of the Germanics, later Keltics, Slavics with the Church. The Kings and the nobles has enjoyed the life, the Christian priests, monks, nuns have brainwashed and repress the free soul of the men that they has becomen sheep or dogs. I have written above that 500 BCE an average Athenean citizen can read an write, politize and had some philosophic opinion about the World. Now the average man was illiterate, the priests put many idiotism in his head that he could not start to thinking, because the free think is a dangeour for the power.

    The first rebellion was the Reformation when the people started again to use own head and the second the Entlightment what has led to secular school system as secular basic school, high scool, university. The rule of the kings and priests have started unstabil by the English Civil War, later the Great French Revolution and the WWI collapsed the most of the old monarchies, the remained has becomen constitutional monarchy, hence it seemed that the marraige of the throne and the altar collapsed. The last chance of the Church was the powering of the Catholic fascist dictators like as Franco, Mussolini, Hitler, Dollfuß (in Austria) and Horthy (in Hungary). However the WWII destroyed these fascist dictatorships.

    Now we can see that the Church has lost Europe. In the Age of Information when the whole world connect each other via internet, the people can read about different religion, they can compare it and they can put on to the internet that another people can read. In this Age does not need a picture of the punisher God that we do not bad thing and we obey to the power. This technic of power is simply old and obsolete. We have Laws, Court, Police, Law Enforcement, Prisons. In the schools the students can learn ethic. The God or Gods, Goddesses now are not a technic of power, but a way to the transcendental.




    "Remember that, even when those who move you be kings or men of power, your soul is in your keeping alone. When you stand before God, you cannot say, "But I was told by others to do thus,"or that virtue "was not convenient at the time." This will not suffice."
    /King Baldwin IV in the Kingdom of Heaven/

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    I am expecting your Opinions.

    I am expecting your high-brow opinions about the article. Thank you!

    "Remember that, even when those who move you be kings or men of power, your soul is in your keeping alone. When you stand before God, you cannot say, "But I was told by others to do thus,"or that virtue "was not convenient at the time." This will not suffice."
    /King Baldwin IV in the Kingdom of Heaven/

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    Uhm, there's a great video about Roman Emperor Constantine and his conversion to Christanity in company with parts of his army. It also shows how the Chi Ro, that Christian symbol, was painted onto their shields. Plus, it shows his enemies in Rome who rebelled against his decisions.

    Civil War - Rome is falling

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    Quote Originally Posted by Wulfaz View Post
    The legend says that before the battle at night Constantinus saw a dream, he saw the Chi-Ro Greek letters means Christus and a vocie told him that "In signo vinces" as in this ensign you will win. Hence before the bloody battle he ordered to paint to any shield this sign what later will be common among the soldiers of the Empire.

    The Chi-Ro in Aryo-Germanic culture is called the Key of the Runes ("Schlüssel der raunenden Runen", according to Rudolf Gorsleben (ᛉ1883 - ᛣ1930)), and which is related to the many mysteries of the hexagram...

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