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Thread: Sahara: Barrier or Corridor? Nonmetric Cranial Traits and Biological Affinities of North African Late Holocene Populations

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    Sahara: Barrier or Corridor? Nonmetric Cranial Traits and Biological Affinities of North African Late Holocene Populations

    Overall, three clusters may be identified. These consist of the Garamantes, the populations of Gizeh and Kerma, and a group that includes Soleb, Alexandrians, Algerians, and Carthaginians. Garamantes and their Tuareg descendants are usually standard Atlanto-Mediterraneans in typological works. But were there different white strains in Soleb and Kerma (both Nubia)? Soleb seems Maghrebi and Kerma more Egyptian. Understanding North African racial history before the Arabs is important to grasping Europe's. People with skulls like those belonging to Garamantes brought the Neolithic revolution to Europe, and in Tin Hanan's tomb were artifacts like Stone Age European precedents. Would be nice if there were more Black and non-African samples compared.

    The Garamantes flourished in southwestern Libya, in the core of the Sahara Desert ∼3,000 years ago and largely controlled trans-Saharan trade. Their biological affinities to other North African populations, including the Egyptian, Algerian, Tunisian and Sudanese, roughly contemporary to them, are examined by means of cranial nonmetric traits using the Mean Measure of Divergence and Mahalanobis D2 distance. The aim is to shed light on the extent to which the Sahara Desert inhibited extensive population movements and gene flow. Our results show that the Garamantes possess distant affinities to their neighbors. This relationship may be due to the Central Sahara forming a barrier among groups, despite the archaeological evidence for extended networks of contact. The role of the Sahara as a barrier is further corroborated by the significant correlation between the Mahalanobis D2 distance and geographic distance between the Garamantes and the other populations under study. In contrast, no clear pattern was observed when all North African populations were examined, indicating that there was no uniform gene flow in the region.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1...21645/abstract

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    Historically the North-Africa and the Middle-East was more Europid. However under the Arabs slave-trade all the North-African coast and the Middle-East has gotten a strong Negrid strain. In the Egyptian tombs the Egyptians was pictured as a brown-skinned Europids, the Lybians and the Levante-population a pale-skinned Europids. The Arabic trading absolutely has changed the racial map of the region like as the nowadays Caribbean-islands are full of Negrids side by side originally they are inhabited with Amerindids.

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