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Thread: Ethnic Germans and Mennonites in Bolivia

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    Senior Member Wurfaxt's Avatar
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    Bolivian Reforms Raise Anxiety on Mennonite Frontier ('06)


    Mennonites in Manitoba, Bolivia, still travel in horse-drawn buggies, but they also use gasoline-powered tractors.


    Mennonites have been carving new settlements out of the thick jungle of eastern Bolivia for more than 40 years.


    This Manitoba family sells its yellow corn tortillas to local Mennonite families as well as to Bolivian supermarket chains.


    With farms generally limited to about 100 acres, population growth pushes Mennonite families to search for new land to settle. This practice, often in areas where land titles are of murky provenance, is the main source of the Mennonites’ concern about the government’s plans.

    NYTimes.com

    Bolivian Reforms Raise Anxiety on Mennonite Frontier
    December 21, 2006



    One year into an administration that intends to reverse centuries of subjugation of Bolivia’s indigenous majority, Mr. Morales has plans to redistribute as many as 48 million acres of land, considered idle or ill gotten through opaque purchase agreements, to hundreds of thousands of peasants.
    -------
    Families in Manitoba and other Mennonite communities tend to be large, often with 6 to 12 children. With family farms generally limited to about 100 acres, population growth inevitably pushes families to search for new land to settle.
    ---------
    Farmers in Manitoba and nearby Chihuahua shuddered when speaking of the situation in El Cariño, a community more than six hours to the north where squatters have tried to occupy land owned by Mennonite farmers.
    Click here to read the full article

    Click here to view the photo gallery

    The article which was written in 2006 mentions how the Mennonites abstain from politics.I think they should do what other minorities do : organize themselves and let the local and state politicians know that they're a voting bloc.As to being pacifists,they need to ask themselves why wars are fought,because some conflicts are necessary to a peoples survival.In this case,the Mennonites have every right to arm themselves to protect what is theirs.If they choose not to,then they will perish.

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    Hello Wurfaxt

    You commented on the Mennonites:

    The article which was written in 2006 mentions how the Mennonites abstain from politics.I think they should do what other minorities do : organize themselves and let the local and state politicians know that they're a voting bloc.
    I am not a mennonite but i am a Christian so while i cannot talk for them i can understand why a Christian would not want to take part in the voting/political process. I believe a vote for a politcal party is a vote for everything that party will do. If i believe that political party will do things against what i see as Gods will i will not give a vote to them. If one believes that all powers in this world are either directly or indirectly under the control of evil. then to take part in voting is would be taking part in evil.


    As to being pacifists,they need to ask themselves why wars are fought,because some conflicts are necessary to a peoples survival.In this case,the Mennonites have every right to arm themselves to protect what is theirs.If they choose not to,then they will perish.
    What is physical survival is not as important to one as eternal survival, or what if physical survival is not as important than following the will of the Messiah Jesus?

    If one believes their physical survival or not is the will of God then living or dieing is not of all consuming importance. If God wills for them to survive and continue on then they shall. But if Gods will is to allow them to die then they shall die. Either way they still believe they will be with God.

    Alive in the physical or alive in the eternal state with God.


    All Praise The Ancient of Days

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    Ethnic Germans and Mennonites in Bolivia

    German immigrants began to arrive in Bolivia in the 18th century, and many more arrived in the 19th century. During World War II, Bolivia ceased diplomatic relations with Germany and expelled many Germans. Many German Jews immigrated to Bolivia during the war. Inti SA, Bolivia's largest pharmaceutical company, was founded by German immigrant Ernesto W. N. Schilling Huhn.

    The Germans have had a presence in German Mariscal Braun was created. In 1938 the Centro Cultural Aleman, in 1954 the German Cultural Institute and in 1965 Bolivia signed an agreement with the "Goethe-Institut" in Munich for spreading the German language among descendants of Germans and other Bolivians. According to journalist Robert Brockmann, of German descent, in early 20th century, the Germanic presence was very large, especially in trade, they were the leading provider of manufacturing. With World War II, the situation was difficult. In 1942, Bolivia broke relations with Germany. Many Germans were expelled and some companies nationalized.

    Businessman Ernesto W. N. Schilling Huhn, arrived from Germany, and founded the Inti Pharmacy on La Paz. This firm was born in the ointment wiped off the map shortly national Vicks Vaporub. Today Inti SA is the largest pharmaceutical company in Bolivia.

    It all started when a young German couple named with the last name of Stege arrived in the country. They brought some money and a special recipe for its sausages. The factory began in the kitchen, and the first purchase order \ recorded dates to 1910. In the 1950s, the factory was given to the two children of the couple and entered a difficult stage. "Jorge Stege was one of the sons of the owners. This slump lasted until the early 1980s. During all that time the company went down and had to stop production of canned side to focus solely on sausages.

    Stege and his third generation grandchildren were born and raised in Bolivia. George Stege also decided to sell the factory to the Bauer who continue to be the owners until today. The Bauer family had several businesses, formed the Hansa Ltda and also focused on ranching. Thus, the proprietary company Tusequis Ltda acquired the Stege company integrating sausage meat into its productions. It built a new factory in El Alto, because the former was in the center of the city, which opened in 1982. The brand Stege produces about 80 different products.

    Notable German Bolivians
    • Ronald Rivero Kuhn, footballer
    • Hugo Banzer, military officer, twice President
    • Germán Busch, military officer and President
    • Luciano Durán Böger, writer and poet
    • Enrique Hertzog, physician and President
    • Pato Hoffmann, actor and theater director
    • Noel Kempff, biologist and environmentalist
    • Jaime Mirtenbaum Zenamon, classical guitarist and composer
    • Alberto Natusch, military officer and dictator
    • Erwin Sánchez Freking, footballer
    • Achim von Kries, German military officer
    • Blanca Wiethüchter, writer and poet
    • Jorge Wilstermann, aviator


    Mennonites in Bolivia

    As of 2012, there were about 70,000 Mennonites living in Bolivia. They are mostly Mennonites of German and Dutch descent, who lived for more than 200 years in West Prussia and then moved to the Russian Empire starting in 1789. These “Russian” Mennonites speak Plautdietsch, a German dialect originating in the Vistula delta. Moreover, there are a number of Bolivians with other ethnic backgrounds who have converted to Mennonite Christianity. “Russian Mennonites” living in Bolivia are among the most traditional and conservative of all the Mennonites in South America.

    The Bolivian government granted a privilege to future Mennonite immigrants including freedom of religion, private schools and exemption from military service in the 1930s, but that was not deployed until the 1950s.

    Between 1954 and 1957, a first group of 37 families from various Mennonite colonies in Paraguay established Tres Palmas colony, 25 km northeast of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Soon, a second colony was established five km away from Tres Palmas by a group of 25 conservative families from Menno Colony in Paraguay. The settlers from Paraguay were experienced and well prepared to practice agriculture in a subtropical climate. In 1959, the total Mennonite population in Bolivia was 189.

    In 1963, new settlements were founded where Mennonites from Paraguay and Canada lived together. In 1967, Mennonites from Mexico and from their daughter colonies in Belize began to settle in the Santa Cruz Department. Las Piedras colony, founded 1968, was the first colony founded exclusively by Mennonites from Canada. Most settlers in Bolivia were traditional Mennonites who wanted to separate themselves more from the “world”. Altogether there were about 17,500 Mennonites living in 16 colonies in Bolivia by 1986, of whom nearly 15,000 were Old Colony Mennonites and 2,500 Bergthal or Sommerfeld Mennonites.

    In 1995, there were a total of 25 Mennonite colonies in Bolivia with a total population of 28,567. The most populous ones were Riva Palacios (5,488), Swift Current (2,602), Nueva Esperanza (2,455), Valle Esperanza (2,214) and Santa Rita (1,748).[1] In 2002 there were 40 Mennonite colonies with a population of about 38,000 people.

    In 2012 there were 23,818 church members in congregations of Russian Mennonites, indicating a total population of about 70,000. Another 1,170 Mennonites were in Spanish speaking congregations. The number of colonies was 57 in 2011.

    The total population was estimated at 60,000 by Lisa Wiltse in 2010.

    An outreach of Conservative Mennonites can be found at La Estrella, with others in progress.
    Sources:
    http://gutenberg.us/articles/ethnic_germans_in_bolivia
    http://america.pink/ethnic-germans-bolivia_1472626.html
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_Germans_in_Bolivia
    http://research.omicsgroup.org/index...tes_in_Bolivia

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    Bolivia: Mennonites Reversing White Decline

    The Bolivian school system has reported difficulties in dealing with huge numbers of Mennonite children, the ethnic German and Dutch religious minority in that country can double its numbers in around 15 years.

    In 1995, there were just 28,000 Mennonites in Bolivia. By 2011, this figure had more than doubled to 70,000 in just one generation. By 2020, it is estimated that the total population will swell to more than 120,000.

    A farming heritage and culture, the Mennonites marry young and typically build large families around traditional gender roles. Young men and women will find their husband or wife at Sunday church services.

    From just 37 families in the mid 1950s to a homogeneous populace that can more than double its population in less than one generation, the Mennonites are producing huge birth-rates against a concerning backdrop of plummeting European birth-rates.

    The average Mennonite family in Bolivia has 8 children, compared to Europe as a region, which has the lowest fertility rate (1.6) in the world. Greece, Spain and Italy’s birth-rate is even lower than the European average, standing at 1.3 according to the Population Reference Bureau.

    This community’s astonishing population boom even exceeds the highest national fertility rates in the world, with multiple sources confirming Niger’s place at the head of the table with a current rate at 7.3 births per woman. Africa as a continent has the highest fertility rate at 4.6 births per woman.

    Experts point to the Mennonite’s traditional family structures and culture – which promotes the important role of women as homemakers and mothers – as the main factor in the community’s prolific population surge.

    In 2009, the Mennonite community was attacked by western feminists for its shunning of modern pervertarian ideas, but Mainstream journalists visited some of the communities and were shocked to report that they found happy children and adults, enjoying stable family environments.

    The communities have expressed the view that they prefer to left alone by the government and the indigenous population of Bolivia, stating that their seclusion from the ‘melting pot’ is a ‘luxury’.
    https://www.defendevropa.org/2017/po...white-decline/

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    It's a pity these families are in Bolivia and not Germany or the United States.
    Most people think as they are trained to think, and most people make a majority.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Huginn ok Muninn View Post
    It's a pity these families are in Bolivia and not Germany or the United States.
    They'll probably be attacked less in Bolivia.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Huginn ok Muninn View Post
    It's a pity these families are in Bolivia and not Germany or the United States.
    My first question what influence would present German main-line culture have on them. But even, or especially, when they won't adapt to it, I'm sure they'd be pressed to comply. The first problem I'd see is when their kids would be forced to attend state school.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Theunissen View Post
    My first question what influence would present German main-line culture have on them. But even, or especially, when they won't adapt to it, I'm sure they'd be pressed to comply. The first problem I'd see is when their kids would be forced to attend state school.
    Hopefully no more influence than any other modern nation.

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    Somehow a theory of mine is confirmed :

    In foreign environments, people thrive better, than at home.

    We see it similar with the muslims in Europe.


    Next would be to find reasons …


    Tiredness of the well known environment,
    people need new things around them once a while.

    Ownership of the soil : Europe's peasants at that time
    had to do forced labour.

    The aristocracy tends to die out after several generations;
    it is usually the poor, that have many children,
    and though there are poor whites in Europe still left,
    the overwhelmingly majority of Whites are considered rich
    compared to many regions of the world presented by the TV.

    Lack of knowledge of legal rights of the new home country,
    thus less demands.

    Inside its own group less conflicts because of mixed heritages.

    The foreign environment helps to stick together because of the
    desire for speaking the own language.

    Similar status helps to stick together.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Theunissen View Post
    My first question what influence would present German main-line culture have on them. But even, or especially, when they won't adapt to it, I'm sure they'd be pressed to comply. The first problem I'd see is when their kids would be forced to attend state school.
    Yes, Mennonites like their cousins the Amish either have their own schools or home school if their settlement is just a few families. They only go to grade 8 in most cases, yet they are better at the basics of learning math, reading, writing and history. Mennonites and Amish children are taught to learn and teach themselves, something that is greatly lacking in most modern education systems.
    Life is like a fire hydrant- sometimes you help people put out their fires, but most of the time you just get peed on by every dog in the neighborhood.

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