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Thread: Early Neanderthal Constructions Deep in Bruniquel Cave in Southwestern France

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    Senior Member Catterick's Avatar
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    Early Neanderthal Constructions Deep in Bruniquel Cave in Southwestern France

    Neanderthals as cavemen.

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal...ture18291.html

    Very little is known about Neanderthal cultures, particularly early ones. Other than lithic implements and exceptional bone tools, very few artefacts have been preserved. While those that do remain include red and black pigments and burial sites, these indications of modernity are extremely sparse and few have been precisely dated, thus greatly limiting our knowledge of these predecessors of modern humans. Here we report the dating of annular constructions made of broken stalagmites found deep in Bruniquel Cave in southwest France. The regular geometry of the stalagmite circles, the arrangement of broken stalagmites and several traces of fire demonstrate the anthropogenic origin of these constructions. Uranium-series dating of stalagmite regrowths on the structures and on burnt bone, combined with the dating of stalagmite tips in the structures, give a reliable and replicated age of 176.5 thousand years (±2.1 thousand years), making these edifices among the oldest known well-dated constructions made by humans. Their presence at 336 metres from the entrance of the cave indicates that humans from this period had already mastered the underground environment, which can be considered a major step in human modernity.

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    OK, this is it, the final nail into the argument Neanderthals had no symbolic thought. What are the reasons anyone would crawl deep into a cave nursing a small fat burning lamp as your only life-line to return? They were doing something down there which had nothing to do with getting food or if they thought they were, it was some sort of symbolic magic. This date of 175 thousand years ago means Neanderthals had the earliest form of symbolic thought. Add that to their other firsts and there is not any reason to consider African sapiens in any way superior to them.

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