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Thread: Genetic History of Europe

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    Genetic History of Europe

    Finally there is a somewhat complete genetic (and cultural) history of Europe from Neanderthal times to near historic times based on genetic sequencing of many fossils of different periods through time.



    http://newspoint.co.za/content/5846-...-age-europeans

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    Poor sampling might still create misleading conclusions. Old school anthros still best for the distant past.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Catterick View Post
    Poor sampling might still create misleading conclusions. Old school anthros still best for the distant past.
    It is a bit strange to hear a young person say that. If old school was the way, we would have resolved all anthro. issues long ago.

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    I mean there is more data from skulls and teeth than from archeological DNA yet. And genetic discoveries since sampling became more common, only confirms old theories. Neolithic replacement and the Aryan migrations (EEF and ANE), the dual structure of Japan and neanderthal admixture in Europe spring to mind.

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    I see a lot of contradicting reports of the origin of white skin. Some studies seem to suggest that the first europeans were dark but had the mutations for light eyes. Then light skin was introduced from either the middle eastern farmers or from the steppes, believed to have evolved in Siberia. Then others suggest that white skin and light eyes were already both present at the time of the steppe invasions and that these mutations may have occurred separately in parts of eurasia.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Catterick View Post
    I mean there is more data from skulls and teeth than from archeological DNA yet. And genetic discoveries since sampling became more common, only confirms old theories. Neolithic replacement and the Aryan migrations (EEF and ANE), the dual structure of Japan and neanderthal admixture in Europe spring to mind.
    It didn't confirm old theories unless your name was Carleton Coon. In 1939 he proposed an Neanderthal ancestry for most Europeans and was laughed at. Now it is fact thanks to whole genome DNA analysis. We have some evidence (marker DNA) concerning Aryan migrations which confirm thoughts of linguists, thoughts which were widely disputed by anti-Aryan "scientists".

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    Quote Originally Posted by hornedhelm View Post
    I see a lot of contradicting reports of the origin of white skin. Some studies seem to suggest that the first europeans were dark but had the mutations for light eyes. Then light skin was introduced from either the middle eastern farmers or from the steppes, believed to have evolved in Siberia. Then others suggest that white skin and light eyes were already both present at the time of the steppe invasions and that these mutations may have occurred separately in parts of eurasia.
    Neanderthals in far Western Europe had red hair and florid skin. We inherited genes for this skin if not hair. But this type of pigmentation is said to burn in strong sunlight and so not suitable everywhere in Europe.

    Circa 7,000 years ago along comes agriculture to Northern Europe and herding (milk drinking). A rich vitamin D diet found in hunting and gathering suddenly changes to a poor one so that sunlight became the only source for vitamin D. This vitamin is critical to childhood bone development. So what happened? Almost overnight for the herders/agriculturalists the skin became white. Maybe not the florid white of Neanderthal origin but white skin which can tan in the summer. This solved the vitamin D problem.

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