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Thread: Slavic-Aryan Linguistic Similarities

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    Post Slavic-Aryan Linguistic Similarities

    Any other info concerning Slavic-Aryan linguistic similarities are very welcome.

    Linguistic closeness of Slavic language(s) (and less Baltic) to old Indo-Iranian languages is quite well known and has nothing to do with supposed Croat-Iranian similarities. Vocabularies are close in older layer.

    God- Bog- Baga,
    Saint- Swienty, Sventy- Spenta
    Birch- Brzoza, Bereza- Buria
    Mother- Matka, Mat – Mata
    Son- Syn- Sunus
    Brother- Brat – Bratar
    Mother in Law- Swiekra- Swasru
    Ewe- Owca, Avca- Awi
    Cock- Kur- Kurn
    Grain-Z iarno- Zarai
    Plough- Socha – Sacha
    Meat- Mieso, Maso- Mamsa
    Cheese- Ser- Sara
    Honey- Miod, Med. – Madu
    Village- Wies, Wes – Wesa
    Door- Drzwi, Dvery- Dwara
    Fire- Ogien, Agon- Agni
    Month- Miesiac, Mesac- Mas
    Winter- Zima- Zim
    Spring- Wiosna, Wesna- Wasanta
    Knowledge- Wiedza,Veda- Weda
    Two- Dwa- Dwa
    Four- Cztery, Czetyre- Czetwar
    Five- Pienc, Piat – Pancza
    Ten- Dziesec, Deset- Daszcza


    Also grammatical forms show greater similarity to extinct languages- Vedic, Sanskrit, Latin. Slavic languages (and Indo-Iranian to some degree) preserved in the pure form declension and conjugation by the change of endings and vowel “r”.
    Last edited by norda; Wednesday, September 29th, 2004 at 06:01 PM.

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    Account Inactive bocian's Avatar
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    Post Re: Slavic-Aryan linguistic similarities

    Good stuff norda.

    I encourage everyone to give some imput. It took me about an hour to compile this list, from scratch. Here are some more:

    English, Polish, Indo-Iranian

    orange, pomarancza, naragga
    water, woda, var
    heaven, niebo, nebah
    queer, (demonic, strange) , dziwny, diva, daeva

    Interesting to note that, deivos, the adjective for devine in other IE languages, means the opposite in Slavic and Iranian.

    paradise, raj, ray
    'for god's sake', 'bog radzi' or 'boga radi', bagahya radij
    faith, wiara, vera, ver
    when, kiedy, kada
    both, oba, ubha
    always, zawsze, sada
    then, wtedy, tada
    house, dom, dham

    Here are some links:
    http://www.elcom.ru/~abhinanda/skt-rivers.htm
    http://www.uni-koeln.de/phil-fak/ind...ap_search.html
    Last edited by bocian; Sunday, July 11th, 2004 at 03:51 PM.

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    Post Re: Slavic-Aryan linguistic similarities

    The connections and difference Baga/Deves God/Devil Bog/Div are really fascinating.
    Etymology of both words:
    Latin deus Italian dio, Spanish dios, Portuguese diaz) came from Greek theo which is connected praIE deivos (heaven) – Sanskrit devas oraz Old Iranian daevo.

    Bog Russian, Serbian bogu, Czech buh is similar to Old Iranian baga or Old Indian bhaga, Zoroastrian baga (Pers. god)
    http://www.avesta.org/zglos.html
    came from pra IE bhagan – word connected with happiness and wealth.

    Its interesting that in close Baltic also devas (lit) appears as god.

    I have heard about some theories explaining this dualism (like Christianity) but it seems both words are well fixed in pra-IE.
    Maybe our Serbian friends could explain something from this site..
    http://pub37.ezboard.com/fistorijaba...picID=92.topic

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    Post Re: Slavic-Aryan linguistic similarities

    Linguists use a similar comparative method to determine that Proto-Indo-Europeans sorted nouns by gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) and number (singular, plural, or dual [for two of a kind]). Each noun, moreover, had eight cases, depending on its purpose in a sentence, and each one had a different ending.

    Thanks to Thorburn: In Quest of Our Linguistic Ancestors The Elusive Origins of the Indo-Europeans

    As far as I know noun case system using different endings preserved to some degree in Romance, better in German (while almost extinct in English)
    http://www.peacelink.de/keyword/Germ...r.php#The_Noun
    http://www.unilang2.org/resources/gr...ml#Declension1

    and almost in full form preserved in Slavic.

    Lets see Russian declensions - different ending for 6 cases x 3 genders x singular, plural, or dual forms

    http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/...uage/case.html

    and Polish- (very similar structure and even one more case- rare Vocative)
    http://online-textbooks.fablis.com/i...ish:Noun_cases
    http://online-textbooks.fablis.com/i...anguage_course

    I do hope Triglav (when return) will tell us more about other Slavic language systems.

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    Post Re: Slavic-Aryan linguistic similarities


    Interesting article but unfortunately in Polish
    http://grzegorj.w.interia.pl/lingwpl/germannieindo.html
    Last edited by Thorburn; Monday, July 12th, 2004 at 03:07 PM. Reason: Attaching Image.

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