Science. 1997 Aug 22;277(5329):1086-8.


Size variation in Middle Pleistocene humans.

Arsuaga JL, Carretero JM, Lorenzo C, Gracia A, Martinez I, Bermudez de Castro JM, Carbonell E.

Departamento de Paleontologia, Instituto de Geologia Economica, Facultad de Ciencias Geologicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria 28040 Madrid, Spain.

It has been suggested that European Middle Pleistocene humans, Neandertals, and prehistoric modern humans had a greater sexual dimorphism than modern humans. Analysis of body size variation and cranial capacity variation in the large sample from the Sima de los Huesos site in Spain showed instead that the sexual dimorphism is comparable in Middle Pleistocene and modern populations.