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Thread: Human remains from the Austrian Gravettian

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    Post Human remains from the Moravian Gravettian: the Dolni Vestonice 3 postcrania.

    J Hum Evol. 1997 Jul;33(1):33-82.


    Human remains from the Moravian Gravettian: the Dolni Vestonice 3 postcrania.

    Trinkaus E, Jelinek J.

    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

    To add to our knowledge of European earlier Upper Paleolithic (especially Pavlovian) human biology, the postcranial skeleton of the Dolni Vestonic 3 partial skeleton was excavated and reassembled. It represents the remains of an adult female, who was buried in a tightly flexed position with the ventral side down and turned slightly to the left. Subsequent compaction led to extensive damage to the axial skeleton and long bone epiphyses. It nonetheless retains the C1 and C2, fragments of the C5 to S3, portions of the pelvis, most of the long bone diaphyses, and a number of manual and pedal remains. Dolni Vestonice 3 was a relatively gracile individual in terms of diaphyseal robusticity and especially muscular attachment rugosity, despite the strong development of femoral and tibial diaphyseal structural buttresses. Upper limb asymmetry is slight and variable. She is similar to other earlier Upper Paleolithic remains in having warm temperate to tropical body proportions but is at the lower limit of Gravettian variation in body size indicators. There is no evidence of significant antemortem lesions on the preserved postcrania.

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    Post Human remains from the Austrian Gravettian

    J Hum Evol. 2001 Jun;40(6):451-65.


    Human remains from the Austrian Gravettian: the Willendorf femoral diaphysis and mandibular symphysis.

    Teschler-Nicola M, Trinkaus E.

    Abteilung Archaologische Biologie und Anthropologie, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Burgring 7, A-1014 Wien, Austria. maria.teschler@univie.ac.at

    Early excavations at the Willendorf site complex in Austria yielded a femoral diaphysis collected between 1883 and 1887 and a mandibular symphysis discovered in 1908--1909. The femoral section, Willendorf 1, derives from the Willendorf I site and direct AMS (14)C dating (24,250+/-180 years B.P.) assigns it to layer 9. The Willendorf 2 mandibular piece was excavated from layer 9 of the Willendorf II site, which is AMS (14)C dated to 24,000--23,900 years B.P. The Willendorf 1 femoral piece is relatively small and exhibits a pronounced pilaster and linear aspera, moderately elevated relative cortical area, and a level of diaphyseal robusticity in the middle of the European earlier Upper Paleolithic human range of variation, assuming similar body proportions. The Willendorf 2 mandibular symphysis has an inferior lingual torus, a planum alveolare, and a mental trigone with indistinct lateral tubercles, a clear fossa mentalis and a midline basilar rounding. In these features it is close to the majority of European earlier Upper Paleolithic mandibles. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

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