Hum Genet. 2001 Jun;108(6):484-93.

Statistical estimation and pedigree analysis of CCR2-CCR5 haplotypes.

Clark VJ, Metheny N, Dean M, Peterson RJ.

Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, NCI at Frederick, MD 21702, USA.

As more SNP marker data becomes available, researchers have used haplotypes of markers, rather than individual polymorphisms, for association analysis of candidate genes. In order to perform haplotype analysis in a population-based case-control study, haplotypes must be determined by estimation in the absence of family information or laboratory methods for establishing phase. Here, we test the accuracy of the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for estimating haplotype state and frequency in the CCR2-CCR5 gene region by comparison with haplotype state and frequency determined by pedigree analysis. To do this, we have characterized haplotypes comprising alleles at seven biallelic loci in the CCR2-CCR5 chemokine receptor gene region, a span of 20 kb on chromosome 3p21. Three-generation CEPH families (n=40), totaling 489 individuals, were genotyped by the 5'nuclease assay (TaqMan). Haplotype states and frequencies were compared in 103 grandparents who were assumed to have mated at random. Both pedigree analysis and the EM algorithm yielded the same small number of haplotypes for which linkage disequilibrium was nearly maximal. The haplotype frequencies generated by the two methods were nearly identical. These results suggest that the EM algorithm estimation of haplotype states, frequency, and linkage disequilibrium analysis will be an effective strategy in the CCR2-CCR5 gene region. For genetic epidemiology studies, CCR2-CCR5 allele and haplotype frequencies were determined in African-American (n=30), Hispanic (n=24) and European-American (n=34) populations