Genetic analysis of human remains found in two eighteenth century Yakut graves at At-Dabaan
François-Xavier Ricaut1, 2 , Sergei Kolodesnikov3, Christine Keyser-Tracqui1, Anatoly Nikoyevich Alekseev4, Eric Crubézy2 and Bertrand Ludes1, 2

(1) Laboratoire dAnthropologie Moléculaire, Institut de Médecine Légale, 11 rue Humann, 67085 Strasbourg, France
(2) Anthropobiologie, Université Paul Sabatier CNRS UMR 8555, 39 allées Jules Guesdes, 3100 Toulouse, France
(3) Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Yakutsk State University, Belinsky Street 58, 677891 Yakutsk, Russia
(4) Yakutsk State University, Belinsky Street 58, 677891 Yakutsk, Russia

Received: 4 July 2003 Accepted: 14 October 2003 Published online: 8 November 2003

Abstract We extracted DNA from three skeletons belonging to the Yakut population, which were excavated from the At-Dabaan site (dating back 300 years) in the Sakha Republic (Russia). Ancient DNA was analyzed by autosomal STRs (short tandem repeats) and by the sequencing of the hypervariable region 1 (HV1) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region. The results showed that these three skeletons were not close relatives but probably linked to the same clan structure. Comparison of their haplotypes with the haplotypes of 8,774 Eurasian individuals suggested a relative specificity and continuity of part of the Yakut mitochondrial gene pool during the last 3 centuries.

Keywords Siberia - Sakha - Ancient DNA - Mitochondrial DNA - Autosomal STRs