Anthropol Anz. 2003 Dec;61(4):395-411.

Serological researches in the south of Moldavia in connection with the problem of the ethnogeny of the Gagauzes, the Moldavians and the Bulgarians.

Varsahr AM, Dubova NA, Kutuyev IA.

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Moldavian Academy of Sciences, Kishinev, Moldavia.

With the aid of data of frequencies of genetically determined blood group systems, the authors have tried to show the basic ethno-genetic directional patterns in Southern Moldavia and in the Dniester-Carpathian-Danubian region in its entirety. Blood Groups A1A27B0, RHESUS, MN, and KELL have been determined in six random samples from four Gagauz villages (n = 330), one Moldavian village (n = 101) and one Bulgarian village (n = 96). The analysis of gene frequencies demonstrates genetic homogeneity of the total Gagauz population. Statistically reliable differentiation is observed only for the RHESUS system. It is possible now to suppose that the haemotological types of modern Gagauz and Bulgarian populations have been developed on the basis of the Balcanic serogenetic types, partially transformed under influence of gene flow from probably Central Asian or other eastern centers. The position of the Moldavians on the serogenetic map of Europe is less certain, due to a considerable ambiguity in the allele frequencies of the various blood group systems. Founder effects may account for these observations. However, the genetic distance and cluster analyses carried out on the frequencies of the surveyed blood group systems have shown the affinity of Moldavians with the Romanians and Eastern European populations