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Thread: "Nordish" Phenotypes and "Nordish" Languages

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    Post "Nordish" Phenotypes and "Nordish" Languages

    I have been figuring that:

    Bruenn:North Germanic, Vanir
    Borreby:West Germanic, Joetnar
    Hallstatt:East Germanic, Aesir
    Keltic:Continental Celtic, age of humans?
    Atlantid:Insular Celtic, age of gods?


    North Germanic
    n. A subdivision of the Germanic languages that includes Norwegian, Icelandic, Swedish, Danish, and Faroese. Also called Norse, Scandinavian.

    Brünn

    Etymology:

    Brünn, or Brno, is a Czech city and archaeological site where Upper Palaeolithic skeletal remains were discovered, certain skull types among which were named after the site.

    Other names:



    [-]
    Origin:

    Unreduced, partly brachycephalized, and mostly depigmented Upper Palaeolithic survivor, related to the Borreby type. Occurs in varying solution with Nordic and Borreby.


    Description:

    Brünns are typically tall, broad-shouldered, and large-headed, with big bones and heavy musculature. The type is usually quite easily distinguished from other local types, especially in Ireland, where it enjoys the company of the shorter-statured and more narrow- and fine-featured Keltic Nordic.

    The modern Brünn inhabitants of western Ireland are mesocephalic to sub- brachycephalic, while their Scandinavian counterparts are remarkably long headed for a European group. This deviance may be due to the presence of a short-headed strain (perhaps Borreby) in the former, assuming that the original Brünn skull was dolichocranial. The forehead is high and broad, the face wide and often orthognathous in the Irish type. The malars are wide, the lower jaw deep and broad, and the chin is prominent and typically clefted.

    Male Brünn facial features can be very ruggedly masculine, often with exaggeratedly pronounced browridges and deep jaws; the degree of sexual dimorphism is high, and a corresponding ruggedness is seldom observed among the females. These are typically rounder-featured and larger-breasted than the European mean.

    The nose is moderately large, mesorrhine to leptorrhine, and straight in profile, with a considerable concave minority. The tip is somewhat thick, and frequently upturned. The mouth is large and the lines around the oral cavity are deeply drawn, while the lips are moderately thick and little everted. The upper lip is characteristically long and convex; these 'Irish' features are often exaggerated in caricature.

    The skin, typically freckled, is very fair, and does not easily tan. The hair is brown and wavy, and often rufous (the Irish Brünn is known for its frequent red-headedness). Curly hair seems to be an Irish specialty, as it is not common with the Scandinavian type. The eyes are light-mixed blue in the great majority of cases.



    Geographical distribution:


    Western Ireland - Cork and Kerry in particular - houses the only living Brünn population in the world today, and this element accounts for nearly half of the Irish racial composition on the whole.

    The Irish Brünn type has added an important increment to the Icelandic population, which already contains a predominant Brünn strain through the presence of the western Norwegian Trřnder type of Viking descent. An aboriginal Brünn population has also merged with the Germanic settlement in the Frisian and northwestern German country, where its descendants take the form of an altered Hallstatt Nordic, a type referred to as Anglo-Saxon. This mixed strain has played an important role in determining England's present racial situation.

    The survival of Upper Palaeolithic Brünns in Scandinavia is only of some importance, and there are no true populations here, although individuals may frequently be found along the southern Swedish coast, especially in the neighborhood of Göteborg. Scandinavian individuals of Brünn type are probably representative of the old western Scandinavian population prior to the arrival of the Nordics, many of whom were incorporated into the Brünn racial body, yielding the intermediate Trřnder type.

    Percentage estimates of Brünn in European populations (McCulloch):

    Ireland: ....................... 40% (mostly in the west)
    Iceland: ...............-..-.-. 15%
    Scotland: ..............-.......- 5%
    England: ......................-. 5%



    Specialized types:



    - Irish Brünn
    - Scandinavian Brünn
    Related types:

    [-]


    West Germanic
    n. A subdivision of the Germanic languages that includes High German, Low German, Yiddish, Dutch, Afrikaans, Flemish, Frisian, and English.

    Borreby
    Etymology:
    Borreby is the name of a Danish village and archaeological site where large brachycephalic skulls of this type were unearthed.


    Other names:

    - blond brachycephal, the (Arbo; includes all blond brachycephals)
    - "East Baltic" (Schreiner; erroneous identification with this type)
    - "Finnoid" or "Finno-Lappoid" (Arbo; erroneous identification)




    Origin:

    Unreduced, brachycephalized, and depigmented Upper Palaeolithic survivor, related to Brünn on the one hand and Alpine on the other (the present racial affiliation is mostly with the former).

    The Borrebys are derived, historically, from the old northwestern European hunting and fishing population, in which the Brünn type was also an important element. In many places, such as the Norwegian coastal district of Jćren, the ancient Borrebys were the first humans to settle permanently (during the late Mesolithic), which makes them true northwestern European aboriginals.

    In modern times the Borreby type is found nowhere as a true population, except perhaps in Jćren and on the island of Fehmarn, off the German coast, where it exists in relative purity. Elsewhere it is strongly diluted with other elements, especially
    Nordic (see Fälish).




    Description:

    The Borreby type is one of northern Europe's most influential (in the racial sense) Upper Palaeolithic survivors. It is, like its relative the Brünn, big-bodied and large-headed, and lateral in most features; the Borreby is very tall, muscular, and usually quite heavy, with a tendency to fatness.

    The head form is brachycephalic (c.i. typically 82-84), and the occiput is nearly vertical and often slightly flattened. The temporal bones are weakly curved, but parietal tuberosities are usually strong. The forehead is broad, only slightly curved, quite high, and usually of but little slope.

    The Borreby face is typically square in appearance - due mostly to the great mandibular width and the prominence of the frontal and parietal tuberosities - while round faces are almost as common. The jaw is rather deep, and the browridges of moderate size. The face is usually short, broad, and somewhat flattish, with a strongly ortognathous profile.

    The nose profile is straight in about 5/6 of cases, and concave in the remainder; convexity is not common. The nose form is mesorrhine to leptorrhine.

    The hair is typically golden blond to light or medium brown. The total Borreby hair shade range runs from ash blond to dark brown, and the latter category accounts for some 30% of cases. Blue eyes are in the majority, but mixed and grayish blue are also common.

    Geographical distribution:

    The greatest center of Borreby concentration lies in northern Germany, and in the southern part of the Danish peninsula. In the midst of this zone lies the island of Fehmarn, which houses a population of exaggerated Borreby phenotype and extreme head dimensions (Fehmarner type). The Borreby is found as a major population element across the entire northern German plain, and a secondary center, which has now more or less disappeared, is located in the southwest, in the vicinity of Stuttgart. The Scandinavian extension of the Borreby population is concentrated in the coastal areas, especially in Jćren in western Norway (Jćren type), and in the southwestern part of Sweden, near Göteborg.

    The Borreby racial zone is transitional to the Alpine zone in the southwest, and to the
    Ladogan in the east. The former transition has given rise to an intermediate Alpine-Borreby type, Walloons type, the latter to a composite type known as East Baltic.

    Percentage estimates of Borreby in European populations (McCulloch):

    Denmark: --------.....-------40%
    Belgium:
    ------------------..35%
    Germany:
    ----------------.-..25% (m. in the north + Ruhr & Rhine valleys)
    Iceland:
    ----------------.....-22%
    Netherlands:
    -----------...----20% (mainly in the coastal districts)
    Luxemburg:
    ----------------..15% (much blended with Alpine)
    Norway:
    -----------------....-10% (mainly in the s-w, esp. Jćren)
    Sweden:
    ------------------...10% (mainly in the s-w)
    Ireland:
    ------------------.....9%
    Scotland:
    ------------------..-4% (mainly in the highlands)
    England:
    ------------------....3% (mainly of Viking and Norman descent)
    France:
    ------------------....-3% (mainly in the n-e)






    Specialized types:

    - Fehmarn type
    - Jćren type




    Related types:

    - Walloons type
    - East Baltic





    East Germanic
    n. The subdivision of the Germanic languages that includes Gothic.

    Hallstatt Nordic Etymology:Hallstatt is the name of an Austrian village and a nearby archaeological site where extensive skeletal remains were discovered. This region seems to have been the seat of the Hallstatt Nordic racial type prior to its northward migration ca. 3000 B.C.




    Other names:

    - Germanic type (popular anthropology)
    - Götatyp (Bertil Lundman; Sw., "Gothic type")
    - Norrřn type (K.E. Schreiner; Norw., "Norse type")
    - Teuto-Nordic (Paudler)
    - Řsterdal type (Halfdan Bryn; Řsterdalen is a long valley in eastern Norway)




    Origin:

    Relatively unmixed Nordic or proto-Nordic (Danubian and Battle-Axe types) agriculturalists of Indo-European language and tradition who settled in Scandinavia and northern Germany ca. 3000 B.C., following a central European sojourn. Many would later, organized in Germanic tribes, proceed to invade central and southern Europe.




    Description:

    The Hallstatt Nordic is the 'classic' Nordic racial type, and lies metrically close to the original central European Nordic type preserved in Iron Age skeletal material.

    The typical Hallstatt Nordic is tall and lean, with relatively long legs and a short body, moderately broad shoulders and relatively short arms. The impression is of a long and slender type, and corpulence is rare among individuals.

    The face is oval to slightly rhomboid in shape, with a narrow, somewhat sloping forehead - but much less so than is the case with the Keltic Nordic type - and browridges which are present but rather weakly developed. The nasion depression is moderate, while the nose, which is typically parallel in slope with the forehead, is mostly straight or slightly convex, with a high incidence of wavy forms. The nasal index is leptorrhine, and there is usually a noticeable transition from the nasal skeleton to the soft parts of the nose.

    The lower jaw is long and deep with a well-developed chin, and the distance from the lower teeth to the chin is remarkably great. The gonial angles are compressed and usually not visible. The malars are small, and the zygomatic arches bowed outward to some extent. The mouth is small and the lips rather thin.

    The cephalic index mean of the modern Hallstatt Nordic is mesocephalic (cephalic index ca. 77), although dolichocephaly is not uncommon among individuals. The head, when seen from above, looks like a long oval, somewhat flattened on both sides. The occiput is curved or projecting.

    The skin, which is a pinkish white, is typically fine-textured and thin. This thinness has the effect of pronouncing the bony parts of the face and making the muscles of the body stand out in relief. The bones of the Hallstatt Nordic, and of the Nordic race as a whole, are small in comparison to the Brünn and Borreby races and the various blended Nordish types.

    The hair color of the Hallstatt Nordic is characteristically and almost exclusively blond, with ash-blond shades in one-third to one-half of the cases, the remainder having golden blond to medium brown shades. Rufosity is virtually absent. There is a small brunet minority, but this may not necessarily have its origin in non-Nordic admixture. One must assume that not all Nordics experienced an equal degree of depigmentation.

    The Nordic eye is typically light-mixed blue, with a large pure light-eyed minority. Here also there is a small dark-pigmented minority.

    Geographical distribution:

    The Hallstatt Nordic type is found in its greatest concentration on the Swedish plain and in the long valleys and lowlands of southeastern Norway, a territory which was virtually empty before the Nordics arrived there ca. 3000 B.C. As a result, non-Nordic admixture has not been extensive. Carleton Coon described Sweden and eastern Norway as a refuge for the classic Nordic type.

    Hallstatt Nordics, in the strict sense, are found everywhere in Scandinavia, and the type has blended, to a certain extent, with the Keltic type in Britain and the Be-Ne-Lux countries. The type is inseparably tied to the ancient Germanic migrations, and Hallstatt Nordic individuals may be found anywhere where there are traditions of Völkerwanderung settlement.

    Percentage estimates of Hallstatt Nordic in European populations (McCulloch):

    Sweden:--------.----------.--.70%
    Norway:-------------------..--30%
    Denmark:----------------...--.20%
    Finland:-----------.....---.----15%
    Netherlands: ------------------10%
    England:...............................8%
    Scotland:...........................-...5%
    Austria:..........................--.....5%
    Poland:------------------------5%
    Germany:------------------.----4%
    Ireland:------------------------1%






    Specialized types:

    [-]




    Related types:

    - Keltic Nordic


    Continental Celtic
    n. A branch of the Celtic languages comprising Gaulish and Celtiberian, both formerly spoken in continental Europe and known mostly from scattered inscriptions.

    Keltic Nordic
    Etymology:


    Although the Kelts, during their migrations in Europe and elsewhere, brought with them a conglomeration of physical types unified under one language and one culture, this special Nordic type seems to have represented by far the most numerous racial element, and was probably (to some extent) phenotypically representative of the Kelts as a whole.
    Other names:

    - Iron Age Nordic (Coon; used as an alternative to Keltic Nordic)




    Origin:

    Central European Nordic slightly modified through divergent evolution, and possibly by absorption of Alpine, Dinaric and other non-Nordic strains, to greater extent than what is the case with its Scandinavian counterpart.




    Description:

    To an American, Englishman, or Belgian, the Keltic Nordic phenotype represents a "normal" or "average" appearance. Likewise, in the minds of those who are neither American, English, nor Belgian, nor belonging to any other predominantly Keltic population, the Keltic look will usually stand synonymous with the descriptive tags "American" or "English". This is the most numerous of the two Nordic types - a type which gains in variability with the constant infusion of non-Nordic blood, particularly in North America and Australia. Thanks to one of the most popular phenomena of the 20th Century, the Silver Screen, the Keltic Nordic is quite possibly the most recognized and familiar of all Nordish phenotypes throughout the world.

    The modern Keltic Nordic type is tall, slender, and moderately broad-shouldered. The head form is typically mesocephalic, with a mean cephalic index of 79, which is slightly higher than the present Hallstatt mean.

    Nordics of this type are low-vaulted, with foreheads of much greater recession than those of the Hallstatt type. The Keltic face is long and narrow, and the chin is strongly developed. The temples, malars, and gonial angles are typically compressed and not visible.

    The nose is long and high-bridged, and narrow to medium in breadth. The profile is usually straight, but wavy or concavo-convex forms are also common. The characteristic prominence of the Keltic nose is a good diagnostic for distinguishing between extremes of the two Nordic types.

    The lips are thin to medium, and little everted.

    The hair, which ranges in color from a blackish brown to a platinum-like ash-blond, is most commonly medium brown in pigment. Keltic hair is generally of a much darker tone than what is common among Hallstatt Nordics, a fact well illustrated by some the more recent photographic material presented below. The eyes are predominantly light-mixed.

    Geographical distribution:
    Modern Keltic Nordic populations are descended from Keltic and Frankish tribes on the northwestern European mainland and on the Isles across the British Channel. The type is concentrated in the British Isles and in the Benelux nations, and an old Keltic enclave in the Swiss Alps forms a secondary center.

    Elsewhere, the Keltic Nordic racial type has found breeding ground overseas in North America, down under in Australia, and in South Africa, and it still figures as the predominant Caucasian racial type in most extra-European British and Dutch former colonies.

    Percentage estimates of Keltic Nordic in European populations (McCulloch):

    Belgium: --------.------------_.-60% (mostly in Flanders)
    Netherlands: ------------------.--50%
    Switzerland:----------------.--..--40% (mostly in the north, west, and center)
    England:----------------...-------30%
    Scotland:------------------------.30%
    Ireland:------------------.-------30% (mostly in the east)
    Wales:------------------.-------.30%
    Austria:------------------.-------15%
    Germany:------------------.------6% (mostly in the old Frankish s-w)






    Specialized types:

    - Aran type
    - urban British type of Noric-like affiliation




    Related types:

    - Hallstatt Nordic



    Insular Celtic
    n. A branch of the Celtic languages comprising those spoken or having originated in the British Isles and divided into the Goidelic and Brittonic groups.


    Paleo-Atlantid




    Etymology:

    The name Atlantid, first applied to Mediterranean derivatives by Richard McCulloch, is meant to imply Atlanto-Mediterranean origin; in earlier works, "Paleo-Atlantid" referred to a completely different type.


    Other names:

    [-]




    Origin:

    Re-emergence of Mesolithic-Neolithic Atlanto-Mediterranean racial type through a Nordish chrysalis; the Mediterranean strain, initially associated with the western European culture of the Megaliths, is one of the locally oldest racial strains in Britain; the Mediterranean element is more clearly emphasized than the Nordish (typically Keltic Nordic, but also Brünn); a second, smaller Mediterranean strain (Coon's Téviec type) may have played a part in the formation of the Atlantid types (the predominance of this differentiated element yields a type known to the Roman historians as "Silurian").




    Description:

    The Paleo-Atlantid takes an intermediate morphological and anthropometric position between the Mediterranean and Nordish types involved in its formation, but the former elements predominate, and the impression is more usually of a "nordicized Mediterranean" than an "exotic Nordish" one.

    Pigmentation is darker than with the North-Atlantid group, and dark brown and black hair is unsurpassed in the majority. The eye pigment is often heavier than what is typically Nordish, and brown and dark-mixed eyes are the rule. The skin is not seldom darker than the northern European mean, and tending more towards a southern European Mediterranean color.



    Geographical distribution:

    Percentage estimates of Paleo-Atlantid in European populations (McCulloch):

    Wales: -----....--------------- -..30%
    England:
    -------------------..----10%
    Scotland:
    ----------.....----------10%
    Ireland:
    -------------------------..3%
    Iceland:
    -----.....------.------..---3%


    Specialized types:

    - "Silurian"




    Related types:

    - North-Atlantid



    That is the best I can do, the most definitive breakdown of essentials for the Germano-Keltic group. I have noticed that the older phenotypes have greater language base than the Iron-Agers, but it appears the Iron Agers have usurped those tongues of the older populations as a result of conquest. I have also noticed that understanding of geographical terms places the cardinal points at positions relative to the Levant instead of the equatorial 0 degrees & Greenwich.

    Of course, there are stable blends of phenotypes that create sublingual groups, and perhaps the blends/sublingual groups may be more apparent than those I put up there. I welcome any observances on this matter.
    Last edited by Rodskarl Dubhgall; Tuesday, June 29th, 2004 at 09:53 AM.

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    Post Re: "Nordish" phenotypes & "Nordish" languages

    How about the Keltic Nordics and Atlantids as 'Alfar', you have your light Elves and dark Elves right there

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