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Thread: Genetics and the Origin of European Languages

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    Exclamation Genetics and the Origin of European Languages

    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Jun 20;92(13):5836-40. Links


    Genetics and the origin of European languages.

    Piazza A, Rendine S, Minch E, Menozzi P, Mountain J, Cavalli-Sforza LL.

    Dipartimento di Genetica, Biologia e Chimica Medica e Centro Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche di Immunogenetica ed Oncologia Sperimentale, Universita di Torino, Italy.

    A new set of European genetic data has been analyzed to dissect independent patterns of geographic variation. The most important cause of European genetic variation has been confirmed to correspond to the migration of Neolithic farmers from the area of origin of agriculture in the Middle East. The next most important component of genetic variation is apparently associated with a north-south gradient possibly due to adaptation to cold climates but also to the differentiation of the Uralic and the Indo-European language-speaking people; however, the relevant correlations are not significantly different from zero after elimination of the spatial autocorrelation. The third component is highly correlated with the infiltration of the Yamna ("Kurgan") people, nomadic pastoralists who domesticated the horse and who have been claimed to have spread Indo-European languages to Europe; this association, which is statistically significant even when taking spatial autocorrelations into account, does not completely exclude the hypothesis of Indo-European as the language of Neolithic farmers. It is possible that both expansions were responsible for the spread of different subfamilies of Indo-European languages, but our genetic data cannot resolve their relative importance.

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    Post Re: Genetics and the origin of European languages.

    Quote Originally Posted by Euclides
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Jun 20;92(13):5836-40. Links


    Genetics and the origin of European languages.

    Piazza A, Rendine S, Minch E, Menozzi P, Mountain J, Cavalli-Sforza LL.

    Dipartimento di Genetica, Biologia e Chimica Medica e Centro Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche di Immunogenetica ed Oncologia Sperimentale, Universita di Torino, Italy.

    A new set of European genetic data has been analyzed to dissect independent patterns of geographic variation. The most important cause of European genetic variation has been confirmed to correspond to the migration of Neolithic farmers from the area of origin of agriculture in the Middle East. The next most important component of genetic variation is apparently associated with a north-south gradient possibly due to adaptation to cold climates but also to the differentiation of the Uralic and the Indo-European language-speaking people; however, the relevant correlations are not significantly different from zero after elimination of the spatial autocorrelation. The third component is highly correlated with the infiltration of the Yamna ("Kurgan") people, nomadic pastoralists who domesticated the horse and who have been claimed to have spread Indo-European languages to Europe; this association, which is statistically significant even when taking spatial autocorrelations into account, does not completely exclude the hypothesis of Indo-European as the language of Neolithic farmers. It is possible that both expansions were responsible for the spread of different subfamilies of Indo-European languages, but our genetic data cannot resolve their relative importance.

    Interesting report, but very old.

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    Post Re: Genetics and the origin of European languages.

    This was the report, correct me if I am wrong, that seemed to show that the origin of blonds spread from the east Baltic region as a result of the Uralic expansion shortly before the expansion of the Indo-European Kurgans.

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