Int J Legal Med. 2000;113(2):89-97.

Forensic evaluation of mtDNA in a population from south west Switzerland.

Dimo-Simonin N, Grange F, Taroni F, Brandt-Casadevall C, Mangin P.

Institute Universitaire de Medecine Legale, Lausanne, Switzerland.

The polymorphism of the two hypervariable segments (HVI and HVII) of the control region of mtDNA was analyzed in a population of 154 unrelated individuals from south west Switzerland using a fluorescent based capillary electrophoresis sequencing method. In our population data of 154 random individuals, 137 mtDNA types were observed. Of these, 124 sequences were observed only in one individual whereas 10 sequences were observed in 2 individuals, 2 sequences in 3 individuals and 1 sequence in 4 individuals. The probability of two unrelated individuals having the same sequence was 0.84%. The results were compared with four other Caucasian populations. Furthermore, the usefulness of the mtDNA sequencing was tested, for exclusion and inclusion, in 18 forensic cases including 69 evidence samples and 44 reference samples. Despite the fact that 55% of the evidence samples yielded a negative result for the nuclear DNA with the human dot quantitation system, the success rate of the mtDNA sequencing was 71.0%. This validation study proves the great usefulness and sensitivity of the mtDNA sequencing technique using nested PCR and fluorescent capillary electrophoresis.