Hum Immunol. 2001 Sep;62(9):910-21.

HLA polymorphism in the Murcia population (Spain): in the cradle of the archaeologic Iberians.

Muro M, Marin L, Torio A, Moya-Quiles MR, Minguela A, Rosique-Roman J, Sanchis MJ, Garcia-Calatayud MC, Garcia-Alonso AM, Alvarez-Lopez MR.

Service of Immunology, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.

Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) study in Murcian individuals was performed in order to provide information of their historical origins and relationships with other Iberian and Mediterranean populations. HLA class I and class II alleles were determined in 173 unrelated Caucasoid donors from Murcia Region in the Southeast of Spain by serologic and DNA based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) typing. Class I antigen and class II allele frequencies of our series were not very different to those found in Spaniards. The analysis of extended haplotypes showed that the three haplotypes most frequent in our population were respectively, A29-B44-Cwb-DRB1*0701-DRB4*0101-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0202, A1-B8-Cw7-DRB1*0301-DRB3*0101-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 and A30-B18-Cw5-DRB1*0301-DRB3*0101-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201. They were followed by A26-B38-Cwb-DRB1*1301-DRB3*0202-DQA1*0103-DQB1*0603, which could point to an ancestral relationship between Murcian and Portuguese Iberian populations, and by A2-B7-Cw7-DRB1*1501-DRB5*0101-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 also present in all Iberian Peninsula populations. Allelic frequencies, populations distance dendrogram and correspondence analysis were used to study the relationships between Murcian and other populations. The closest relation was observed with Spaniards and Portuguese, followed in decreasing order by French, Italians, Algerians, Germans, Catalans, Basques, Cretans, Sardinians, and Greeks. Thus, Murcian population seems to belong to the European genetic pool, revealing a lesser genetic distance with the North Africans and the rest of populations from the Iberian Peninsula.