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Thread: Why Did Germany Fail in World War I?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Walhalla-Wacht View Post
    Why did Germany fail in World War I?
    (Straight answers like "Jews, Communists, and Capitalists" is not applicable, I want to hear real evidence for such reasoning)

    We hear a multitude of reasons surrounding WWII, but I'm curious as to the reasons attributed to The Great War.
    American intervention. The Ludendorff Offensives would have defeated the Allies without fresh infusion of American troops. Petain even admitted this. France was beaten.

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    Germany In WWI

    The loss in 1918 was a forgone conclusion. Under Ludendorff's Spring offensive the Army had lost over 1 million men and over 800 pieces of artillery and any reserve munitions and supplies. This left in the field, 191 reduced German Div. to 500 Allied Divisions. The Allies began a counter attack and all across the fronts, units began to collapse from want of supply, weapons, ammunition and manpower.

    The Bulgarian allies collapse and that front is gone. The Austro-Hungarian front collapses and they begin negotiations independently for an Armistice.

    Ludendorff finally concludes that the collapse of the German Army is inevitable and sends the message, "The condition of the Army demands an immediate Armistice"! So an Armistice is signed on November 11th, 1918 and the War is over and what's left of the German Army retires behind the Rhine.

    End of story.

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    American intervention and British tanks.

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    Another factor

    A misguided belief in Woodrow Wilson's promises of fairness, no retribution, and no "victor's justice" probably helped convince the Germans to agree to an armistice. Alas, those promises were as illusory as any made by a politician. Vindictive, illogical, and genocidal schemes were imposed, with the allied starvation embargo remaining in place to enforce them long after the war was supposedly over.

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    BRITISH BLOCKADE - KEY TO ENTENTE VICTORY

    I believe Germany lost becouse of bad global strategy. Instead of building endless infantry battalions and sending them to their deaths Germany should build a greater navy and challenge British on the seas. Becouse what truly took Germans down was british blockade that ruined overseas trade and starved civilian population. Interestingly the blockade was far more succesful than carpet bombings of WWII (they rather made Germans more determined and the industry wasn't afected that much).

    German Oceanic Fleet was second in the world after Royal Navy, and even in historical conditions it proved very competent (as everything german you would guess) to remind exploits of SMS Emden, Yorkshire Bombardment and of course the battle of Skagerrak in which 99 german ships inflicted much heavier losses on 150 british ships. If Kaiser decided to increase navy, such force could take the grip of sea domination from british hands. The blockade would end, and entente would be blockaded instead, and since France and England were colonial empires the consequences would be catastrophic. The war would have different outcome.

    Also I'd like to that german uboots inflicted almost as heavy losses on merchant ships as in second world war, despite that uboot waffe was much smaller. The Admiralty didn't have really anything effective to fight submarines in the Great War, and thus have german command be more perceptive, they could utilize them to greater effect. Uboots were much cheaper than capital ships or field artillery so as I say, it's a flaw in german leadership.

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    Read Toland's No Man's Land. The British and French were finished in France. It was the American infusion of troops that turned the tide. Without it there were would have been a negotiated end to the war favorable to Germany, thus a German victory.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Walhalla-Wacht View Post
    Why did Germany fail in World War I?
    Because the right wing of the initial German offensive on the Western front was weakened by the relocation of forces to the left wing and the Eastern front before the war - and more importantly, during the war as well: 100.000 troops destined for the battle east of Paris were redirected to the Grand Couronné, in Lorraine (and were slaughtered over there). Even so, a German victory was still likely. But then Moltke sent another 80.000 men to stop the Russians - even though these troops weren't needed there - as Ludendorff expressed. In fact the Russians were defeated before these reinforcements arrived. ...add to these forces the corps that was ordered to guard Antwerp and prevent Belgian counter-attacks, and another one to take the fortress of Mauberge - and you'll get 250.000 soldiers less to win the coming, decisive battle of september 1914.

    It's these men that were badly missed during the first battle of the Marne, they would've filled the gaps, and would've turned the tide.

    That's the prime reason why Germany didn't win the war, because the Germans still had their fate in their own hands in august and september of 1914.

    The von Schlieffen plan was also a little too ambitious, but the plan itself could be corrected when the offensive took place, this is what happened historically - and the plan isn't too blame.
    "Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive." - William Wordsworth

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