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Thread: Uranium Enrichment in WW2 Germany

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    Uranium Enrichment in WW2 Germany

    During WW2 Germany acquired and or built four cyclotrons, trialed gaseous and thermal diffusion enrichment, but most interestingly of all developed some centrifugal methods.

    One centrifugal method invented by Dr Erich Bagge was the isotope sluice. This spun Uranium hexafluoride in a centrifugal container which had six buckets to collect the heavier material at the bottom of each bucket, then sluiced the lighter uranium isotpes from nearest the tops of these buckets.

    Dr Paul Harteck invented the Uranium ultracentrifuge, much like those in Iran today. Tall thin centrifuges spinning at 60,000 rpm which were thirty times more efficient than the Manhattan Project's gaseous diffusion plants.

    Much more of a mystery however was another type of centrifuge which used thermal convection within the fast spinning centrifuge, which the Soviets developed with captured German scientists. This later became known in the west as the Zippe centrifuge.

    It's real inventor however was Dr Hans Martin. It's almost impossible to learn anything about Martin.

    Did he survive the war?
    Was he taken by the Soviets?
    I doubt the Soviets had him or they or the CIA would have said so.
    Was he taken by Operation Paperclip?
    Unlikely since USA was all over Guernot Zippe in the late 1950s when they released from captivity the German scientists who helped develop their Zippe technology, so where did Martin go?

    Please can anybody help me with any bio about him?

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    I've just checked David Irving's book about German Atomic Research - The Virus House, Hans Martin and his ultracentrifuge design are featured, though there is no mention of him amongst the captured scientists at the end of World War II.

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