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Thread: Germanic Achievements

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    Germanic Achievements

    This will be a thread about the great Germanic inventors, architects, musicians, philosophers, sculptors, painters, film-makers, etc.
    Included will be a brief biography of the individual in question, as well as an image of their likeness (If one exists) along with a few select photographs of their work.
    No Germanic achievement will be too small.
    I am hoping to be able to make this as complete as possible.

    When someone enquires "What makes the Germanics so great?" perhaps the person who was asked can use this thread as an additional resource to provide not just a description but also visual evidence as well, since most people are more responsive to images than words.


    1. Rasmus Sørnes 1893-1967



    Born in Sola, Norway, he constructed the most complicated astronomical clock of its kind in existence.
    It goes by the simple name of Clock No. 4



    It is characterized by its superior complexity compactly housed in a casing with the modest measurements of 0.70 x 0.60 x 2.10 m. Features include locations of the sun and moon in the zodiac, Julian calendar, Gregorian calendar, sidereal time, GMT, local time with day-light saving time and leap year, solar and lunar cycle corrections, eclipses, local sunset and sunrise, moonphase, tides, sunspot cycles and a planetarium including Pluto's 248 year orbit and the 25 800 year period of the polar ecliptics (precession of the Earth's axis). All wheels are in brass and gold plated. Dials are silver plated.
    He built four of these altogether with this one being his best.
    One biography I scanned through flatly stated that no other person can improve upon it or build another. EVER.
    A true testament to Germanic ingenuity.


    2. Franz Xaver Messerschmidt 1736-1783

    A German-Austrian sculptor from Munich known for his "Character Heads".
    I already posted about him earlier but felt he could be included here as well.

    In 1781, German author Friedrich Nicolai visited Messerschmidt at his studio in Pressburg and subsequently published a transcript of their conversation. Nicolai's account of the meeting is a valuable resource, as it is the only contemporary document that details Messerschmidt's reasoning behind the execution of his character heads. It appears that for many years Messerschmidt had been suffering from an undiagnosed digestive complaint, now believed to be Crohn's disease, which caused him considerable discomfort. In order to focus his thoughts away from his condition, Messerschmidt devised a series of pinches he administered to his right lower rib. Observing the resulting facial expressions in a mirror, Messerschmidt then set about recording them in marble and bronze. His intention, he told Nicolai, was to represent the 64 "canonical grimaces" of the human face using himself as a template.
    Messerschmidt spent the last years of his life in obscure isolation.
    His works had to be rediscovered to receive the proper respect he almost never had while alive.

    'Emotions' 4 and 10


    'Emotions 3' and 'The Arch-Evil'


    'The Yawner' and 'The Beaked'



    3. Bernhard Hoetger 1874-1949

    A German sculptor from Dortmund who was a leading figure during the Expressionist Movement prior to the 1930s.
    His greatest work can be found in the city of Bremen.
    He designed an entire street devoted to the Expressionist style, it is known as the Bottcherstrasse.
    Sympathetic to NS ideals, it is a tragedy that Hitler did not think very highly of his work, and because of this he fell into obscurity for the rest of his life.


    The beginning photo is the entrance to the Böttcherstraße.
    The gold relief was scultped by Hoetger in honor of Hitler and is called 'Lichtbringer' or 'Bringer of Light'.
    It depicts "the victory of our Führer over the powers of darkness."


















    The exit on the other end of the street.

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    4. Rasmus Malling-Hansen 1835-1890

    Copenhagen, Denmark



    Inventor of the Hansen Writing Ball



    The Hansen Writing Ball was invented in 1865 for the deaf-mutes of Copenhagen. It was first patented and entered production in 1870, and was the first commercially produced typewriter. In Danish it was called the skrivekugle. The Hansen ball was a combination of unusual design and ergonomic innovations.

    Its distinctive feature was an arrangement of 52 keys on a large brass hemisphere, causing the machine to resemble a giant pin cushion. From the book Hvem er Skrivekuglens Opfinder, written by Malling-Hansen's daughter Johanne Agerskov, we know how Malling-Hansen made experiments with a model of his writing ball made out of porcelain. He tried out different placements of the letters on the keys, to work out the placement that led to the quickest writing speed. He ended up placing the most frequently used letters to be touched by the fastest writing fingers, and also placed most of the vowels to the left and the consonants to the right. This, together with the short pistons which went directly through the ball, made the writing speed of the writing ball very fast.

    The first models typed on a paper attached to a cylinder, and included an electromagnetic escapement for the Ball, thus making Malling-Hansen's machine the first electric typewriter.
    Here is an aerial shot:



    The most famous owner of a writing ball was Friedrich Nietzsche.

    In 1881, when he was almost blind, Nietzsche wanted to buy a typewriter to enable him to continue his writing, and from letters to his sister we know that he personally was in contact with “the inventor of the typewriter, Mr Malling-Hansen from Copenhagen”.
    He mentioned to his sister that he had received letters and also a typewritten postcard as an example.
    Nietzsche's Writing Ball


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    6. Martin Behaim - 1459-1507

    Navigator from Nürnberg.
    Behaim made the earliest globe, called the "Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe", during the years 1490-1492.
    He was also a top-notch mapmaker:

    Magellan himself stated he knew that south of America there was a sound that led to the Southern Sea which Balboa had discovered in 1514 at the Isthmus of Panama: he, Magalhães, had seen the sound on a map by Martin Behaim.

    Pigafetta writes: "But Hernando knew that is was the question of a very mysterious strait by which one could sail and which he had seen described on a map in the Treasury of the King of Portugal, the map having been made by an excellent man called Martin de Boemia".

    Martin Behaim has been repeatedly regarded in former times as the actual discoverer of the Magalhães Straits and even the whole of America.

    The Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe

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    My ancestor, Gustaf de Laval.



    In 1882 he introduced his concept of an impulse steam turbine[1] and in 1887 built a small steam turbine to demonstrate that such devices could be constructed on that scale. In 1890 Laval developed a nozzle to increase the steam jet to supersonic speed, working off the kinetic energy of the steam, rather than its pressure. The nozzle, now known as a de Laval nozzle, is used in modern rocket engine nozzles. De Laval turbines can run at up to 30,000 rpm. The turbine wheel was mounted on a long flexible shaft, its two bearings spaced far apart on either side. Since the wheel could not be perfectly balanced, this allowed it to spin slightly out of true, without breaking the bearings. The higher speed of the turbine demanded that he also design new approaches to reduction gearing, which are still in use today. Since the materials available at the time were not strong enough for the immense centrifugal forces, the output from the turbine was limited and large scale electric steam generators were dominated by designs using the alternative compound steam turbine approach of Charles Parsons. [1]
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustaf_de_Laval

    Cheers!

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ronan View Post
    4. Rasmus Malling-Hansen 1835-1890

    Copenhagen, Denmark



    Inventor of the Hansen Writing Ball



    Indeed, this was maybe the first or second form of Typper-writting machine available in the commerce but the stupid "Historians" (????) who wrtite the stuff for the "Balck History Month" in the U.S.A. (Ironically enough, they have fixed this event for every february month, the shortest month of the year...) attribute the invention of the Typperwritter machine to an afro-amercian who patented an "improved" prototype decades after Rasmus Malling-Hansen machine was sold in the commerce!

    A first patent for a typpe-writter dates back to as early as begining of the XVIIth century: in the early 1800th an Italian nobleman invented a more advnaced prototype which he specially conceived for her blind misstress but the Hansen's machine was the first one available for a large public, I think.

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    List of Inventions and Achievements by Germanics


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    Charles Lindbergh, aviation pioneer and pro-American, first non-stop flight from New York to Paris.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Lindbergh


    Henry Ford, creator of the assembly line production technique.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ford


    Charles Goodyear created a process to vulcanize rubber, making it harder and able to be used in products.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Goodyear

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    Err, you'll have to basically list everything in this thread. Silly.

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    I have already made a thread similar to this one.
    Unfortunately it did not last beyond four replies.
    Perhaps the staff can merge them together.

    http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=130864

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ronan View Post
    I have already made a thread similar to this one.
    Unfortunately it did not last beyond four replies.
    Perhaps the staff can merge them together.

    http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=130864
    I thought there was a thread like this, but I couldn't find it right away. If Mods could merge, that would be nice. Anyway, keep it up!
    Err, you'll have to basically list everything in this thread. Silly.
    And what's wrong with that?

    Next invention on the list!

    The Internet by Vannevar Bush

    http://objectiveministries.org/shutd....html#internet

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vannevar_Bush

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