Tissue Antigens. 2002 Jun;59(6):492-501. Related Articles, Links

HLA polymorphism in six ethnic groups from Pakistan.

Mohyuddin A, Ayub Q, Khaliq S, Mansoor A, Mazhar K, Rehman S, Mehdi SQ.

Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Division, Dr A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories, PO Box 2891, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan. sqmehdi@isb.comsats.net.pk

The extreme polymorphism found at some of the loci of the HLA system has made it an invaluable tool for population genetic analyses. In this study the genetic polymorphism of six Pakistani ethnic groups was investigated at the HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB and DQB1 loci using polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers. The groups included in this study are the Baloch, Brahui and Sindhi from the south and the Burusho, Kalash and Pathan from the north of Pakistan. The allele frequencies, three-locus haplotype frequencies for HLA-A, -C, -B and HLA-A, -B, -DRB1 are given. Variation in the allele and haplotype distribution between the six Pakistani ethnic groups was observed. A phylogenetic tree and correspondence analysis based on HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 allele frequencies revealed the Kalash population to be distinct from the remaining Pakistani populations. The Baloch and Brahui were closely related to one another. The Sindhi were closer to the Pathan and Burusho populations than to the neighboring Baloch and Brahui populations, indicating admixture between the northern and southern populations of Pakistan. A phylogenetic tree and correspondence analysis comparing the Pakistani populations with various other world populations showed that the Pakistani ethnic groups lie within the cluster of Asian Indian populations. The three-locus haplotypes found in the Pakistani populations suggest an influence from Caucasian and Oriental populations.