J Hist Neurosci. 1997 Apr;6(1):86-9. Related Articles, Links

A neolithic case of Down syndrome.

Diamandopoulos AA, Rakatsanis KG, Diamantopoulos N.

Athens University, Department, St. Andrew's Regional Hospital, Patras, Greece.

The aim of the study is to draw attention to the existence of a Neolithic figurine from Greece with characteristics compatible with Down syndrome. We have reviewed the relevant medical and archaeological literature, and we have compared photographs of the figurine with photographs of a patient with typical Down syndrome (DS). From the above data we conclude that the 7000 years old artefact may well be the most ancient representation of the disease in Western civilisation.