With four seats in the European parliament, the PVV's wish for "less Brussels" has already come true: Dutch parties will now have a much smaller role in the big political groups.

The Dutch voters said both yes and no to Europe on Thursday. The big winners were the parties with pronounced views on more or less Europe. Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV) won big on anti-Europe platform, the left-wing liberal party D66 and the Green party GroenLinks did well with a pro-European message.

Thursday's results confirm that the mood in the Netherlands has not changed since 61 percent of Dutch voters said no to the European constitution in the 2005 referendum. The same country that was one of the six founding members of the European Union more than fifty years ago is now very sceptical about the direction the European project has taken. And just like in 2005, the Netherlands will have a lot of explaining to do. Many fellow EU member states see the Netherlands as a thoroughly confused and confusing country.